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Myrtilus

(452 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen)
(Μυρτίλος; Myrtílos). [German version] [1] Son of Hermes and Phaethusa Son of Hermes and Phaethusa, Clymene, Myrto (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 1,752) or Theobule (Hyg. Fab. 224,5) or of Zeus and Clymene (schol. Eur. Or. 998); charioteer to Oenomaus [1] (possibly already mentioned in the Alkmaiōnís , cf. fr. 6 PEG I, and depicted as a figure on the east pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia). Before the chariot race to win the hand of Hippodameia [1] M. removes a lynch pin from  Oenomaus' chariot (Pherecydes FGrH 3 F 37; Ps.-Apollod. Epit. 2,4…

Perimedes

(147 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
(Περιμήδης/ Perimḗdēs). [German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus Companion of Odysseus who, sometimes with Eurylochus [1], helped him in the sacrifice to the dead (Hom. Od. 11,23-24; visual representation i.a. on the Nékyia by Polygnotus, cf. [1]) and strengthened his chains as they travelled past the Sirens ( ibid. 12,195-196). Heinze, Theodor (Geneva) [German version] [2] Son of Eurystheus Son of Eurystheus, killed by the Athenians in the defence of the Heraclidae (Ps.-Apollod. 2,168) or by Heracles [1] after his final travail because the latter fel…

Teiresias

(327 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
[German version] (Τειρεσίας/ Teiresías, Lat. Teresias/ Tiresias, Etruscan Teriasals, Terasias). Blind seer from Thebes, son of Eueres and the nymph Chariclo, father of Manto and Historis. At the time when T. was connected to the myth of Odysseus in the Nekyia (Hom. Od. 10,490-495; 11,90-151), an established seer figure had already been part of the tradition, as in the Melampodia, where it is told that T. explains —after two sex changes— that women experience greater pleasure during the act of love. For this, Hera blinds him but Zeus c…

Melanion

(274 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
[German version] (Μελανίων/ Melaníōn, Μειλανίων/ Meilaníōn; Latin *Milanion; personal name from μέλας/ mélas, ‘black’). An Arcadian, son of Amphidamas. In the ‘Arcadian’ version of the myth, he is the suitor of Atalante (according to Ps.-Apollod. 3,105 her cousin), with whom he has a son Parthenopaeus (Hellanicus FGrH 4 F 99; Ps.-Apollod. 3,109; Paus. 3,12,9; among the latter's alternative fathers none is the Hippomenes [1] of the ‘Boeotian’ version). As a participant in the games in honour of Pelias, M. was to be seen on the Cypselus Chest ( c. 600 BC, according to Paus. 5,17,10; …

Homonoia

(281 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
[German version] (ὁμόνοια; homónoia). The word homonoia (‘unity’) was evidently reshaped in Athens's crisis of 411 BC (referred to in Thuc. 8,75,2; 93,3) as an exhortation of the democrats to internal cohesion (cf. Antiphon 87 B 44-71; Thrasymachus 85 B 1; Gorgias 82 B 8a DK). Homonoia within the polis is from then on mostly based on socio-economic conflicts (antonym   stásis : Lys. 18,17-18), bilateral and trilateral homonoia (from the Hellenistic period) as well as border conflicts primarily in the rank disputes of Asia Minor in the Imperial period but also in…

Semele

(454 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
[German version] (Σεμέλη/ Semélē, Etruscan Semla; also Θυώνη/ Thyṓnē). Daughter of Cadmus [1] and Harmonia, sister of Agave, Autonoe, Ino and Polydorus (Hes. Theog. 975-978). S. is of significance due to the Theban myth of the birth of Dionysus: when she was pregnant by Zeus (Actaeon is said to have been her first suitor: Hes. fr. 217A M.-W.), she was persuaded by Hera to ask him to show himself in his true form. The weather god appeared as a thunderbolt, with which he killed her. He removed the unborn …

Hippocoon

(281 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
(Ἱπποκόων; Hippokóōn). Son of  Oebalus and Bateia (Nicostrate: Schol. Eur. Or. 457), halfbrother or brother of  Tyndareus, whom he drove out of Sparta. As a consequence of H.'s refusal along with the Hippocoontides to purify Heracles, or because they are allied with  Neleus, but above all, because they had struck Oeonus dead,  Heracles takes revenge on them (aition of Athena Axiopoinos) and reinstalls Tyndareos (Diod. Sic. 4,33,5f.; Paus. 3,1,4; 15,3-6; 19,7; Ps.-Apollod. 2,143; 3,123-125; as ear…

Hippotes

(259 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
(Ἱππότης; Hippótēs). [German version] [1] Father of Aeolus The rarely mentioned father of  Aeolus [2]: Hom. Od. 10,2; 36; Apoll. Rhod. 4,778; 819; due to the confusion between Aeolus [1] and Aeolus [2], the son of Mimas (schol. Hom. Od. 10,2; Diod. Sic. 4,67,3). Heinze, Theodor (Geneva) [German version] [2] Founder of the cult of Apollo Karneios Son of  Phylas, grandson of Antiochus, great-grandson of Hercules, father of  Aletes [1] ([5. 7-10]; genealogical table [1; 4. 306 A 20]). In Naupactus H. kills the seer Carnus and is forced into exile for 10 …

Naus

(98 words)

Author(s): Heinze, Theodor (Geneva)
[German version] (Ναός/ Naós). Descendant of Eumolpus in the third generation. Obeying the oracle of Delphi, he brought the Eleusinian cult of Demeter to Arcadian Pheneus, where in the temple of Demeter the Eleusinia were celebrated in Attic rite (Paus. 8, 15, 1). This import supplemented the older epichoric cults of Demeter Kidaria and Demeter Thesmia, as the Pheneatic tradition is said to have noticed (Paus. 8, 15, 2-4). The name, which means ‘temple, may indicate the erection of such an edifice in a new sanctuary.  Eleusis [1] Heinze, Theodor (Geneva) Bibliography Jost, 30, 318f. Nilss…
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