(a.), more rarely Naʿūra , pl.
nawāʿīr , a word designating current-driven, water-raising wheels, Eng. and Fr. noria. The term has no obvious derivation from Arabic, and is probably of Aramaic origin (see Fraenkel,
Die aramäischen Fremdwörter , 134; also Dozy,
Supplement, ii, 689-90). The nomenclature for water-raising machines is very variable, and often the only way of knowing which machine is being referred to is from the context; for example, if a machine is driven by running water it is almost certain to be a noria. To avoid confusion, the Syrian usage will be followed, in which the