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Polyeuctus

(609 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
(Πολύευκτος/ Polýeuktos). [German version] [1] Son of the Athenian Themistocles Third son of Themistocles and his first wife Archippe, daughter of Lysander of Alopece (who adopted the second son, Diocles); nothing is known of his life. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 6669  R. Frost, Plutarch's Themistocles. A Historical Commentary, 1980, ad 32,1  Traill, PAA, 778325. [German version] [2] Athenian rhetor, 2nd half of 4th cent. BC Son of Sostratus of the Sphettus deme, Athenian rhetor of the 2nd half of the 4th cent. BC, in the circle of Demost…

Myron

(1,023 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin)
(Μύρων; Mýrōn). [German version] [1] Name of several persons from Sicyon Several persons from Sicyon named M. are mentioned in literature: a) Hdt. 6,126,1: Sicyonian nobleman (7th century BC), son of Andreas, father of Aristonymus, grandfather of the ‘tyrant’ Cleisthenes [1]. b) Paus. 6,19,1f.: the ‘tyrant’ M., victor in the chariot race at Olympia (648 BC), founder of the Sicyonian treasure house (thesauros) at Olympia. c) Nicolas of Damascus, FGrH 90 F 61: one of the three tyrant brothers descended from Orthagoras (evil M., good Isodemus, cunning Cleisthenes) from the ‘ Orthagorides…

Themistocles

(904 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Θεμιστοκλῆς). Athenian, of the Phrearrhii deme in the Leontis phyle, and of the family of the Lycomidae, b. c. 525 BC, the son of Neocles [1] (Hdt. 7,143 et alibi; Nep. T. 1,1; Plut. T. 1,1 and 4; Aristid. 5,4) and a perhaps non-Athenian mother (cf. Nep. T. 1,1; Plut. T. 1,2); an important politician at the time of the Persian Wars [1]. Mnesiphilus is said to have been the teacher of T., who was reputed to have been headstrong (cf. Thuc. 1,138,3; Nep. T. 1,2; Plut. T. 2) and to set little store by artistic education (Ion …

Timonassa

(60 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Τιμώνασσα; Timṓnassa). Daughter of a Gorgilus of Argus. At first the wife of the Cypselid Archinus, tyrant of Ambracia. Later the second wife of Peisistratus [4], the father of her two sons Iophon [1] and Hegesistratus [1]  (Aristot. Ath. pol. 17,3). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies 11793,VI, p. 449  L. de Libero, Die archaische Tyrannis, 1996, 88.

Telesippus

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Τελέσιππος; Telésippos). Great-nephew of Pericles [1], son of Hippocrates [3], from Cholargus. C. 420 BC he and his brothers Demophon and Pericles were the target of comedic mockery (Aristoph. Nub. 1001; fr. 116 and 568 PCG; Eupolis fr. 112 PCG). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 11811, 456 f.

Peisistratids

(490 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Πεισιστρατίδαι; Peisistratídai). Athenian aristocratic oíkos from Brauron (Plut. Solon 10,3; Pl. Hipparch. 228b), which is said to go back Neleus, son of Zeus, via Nestor [1] of Pylos (Hdt. 5,65; Peisistratus [1] and [2]). Herodotus only refers to the Athenian sons of the tyrant Peisistratus [4] and their offspring as P. (528/7-511/10 BC), whereas later and modern literature often includes all generations: in 669/8 BC, a  Peisistratus [3] is árchōn (Paus. 2,24,7); the name of Hippocrates [1], the father of Peisistratus [4], is remembered because o…

Nicides

(69 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Νικίδης/ Nikídēs). Son of Phoenicides, of the dḗmos of Melite (IG I3 422 col. III, 212; 216; 424,17f.; 426 col. II, 75; And. 1,12f.: Nikiades). In 415 BC, he was condemned to death in absentia in a sacrilege case (see Mutilation of the Herms) upon denunciation by Andromachus; his property was sold (IG, ibid.). Alcibiades [3]; Meletus [1] Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 408  Traill, PAA 713050.

Diotimus

(622 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διότιμος; Diótimos). [German version] [1] Strategos in Corcyra 433/2 BC Athenian, son of Strombichides, from Euonymon (his family is known into the 3rd cent.). Strategos in Corcyra in 433/32 BC (Thuc. 1,45,2; IG I3 364,9); 439-32 nauarchos at Neapolis (Timaeus FGrH 566 F 98); he may have led a legation to Susa (Str. 1,3,1). Perhaps identical with D. in Ath. 10,436e. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Fraser/Matthews (1) Davies, 4386. [German version] [2] Athenian strategos c. 390 BC Athenian strategos. Commander of the Athenian mercenary force near Corinth in 390/…

Miltiades

(1,099 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Pollmann, Karla (St. Andrews) | Wermelinger, Otto (Fribourg)
(Μιλτιάδης; Miltiádēs). From the 7th (Paus. 4,23,10; 8,39,3) to the 4th cent. BC, a name belonging to the family of the Philaïdae in Athens. [German version] [1] M. the Elder Victor in the four-horse chariot race at Olympia, probably in 548 BC. Son of Cypselus (archon 597/6 BC), grandson (?) of the tyrant Cypselus [2] of Corinth, relative ([7. 7]: adoptive son) of Hippocleides (archon 566/5); from the same mother as the three-time Olympian victor Cimon [1]. M. was victor in the four-horse chariot race at Olympia (548?). ‘Dynast’ alongsi…

Polyaratus

(210 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich)
(Πολυάρατος/ Polyáratos). [German version] [1] Rich Athenian official c. 400 BC Rich ([Demosth.] Or. 40,24) Athenian from Cholargus (IG I3 375,21), first mentioned in 410/409 BC ( ibid., l. 20 f.) as próhedros of the hellēnotamías (Hellenotamiai) Anaetius of Sphettus; then in 405/4 as grammateús (Grammateis) of the boulḗ (IG I3 126,5). P.' wife was a daughter of Menexenus and a sister of Dicaeogenes [1]; her estate was disputed by Dicaeogenes' adoptive son and P., then by P.' son Menexenus, probably the eldest (Isaeus 5; 389 BC). Until the 320s…

Chaereas

(228 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
(Χαιρέας; Chairéas). [German version] [1] Strategos at Cyzicus, 410 BC Son of Archestratus (Lycomide?) of Athens. In 411/10 BC co- strategos in Samos, sent to Athens on the  Paralus, but was able to return (Thuc. 8,74,1-3; 86,3). In 410 strategos at Cyzicus (Diod. Sic. 13,49,6; 50,7; 51,3). PA 15093. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 9238 Fraser/Matthews, GPN 2, 1994, 469, no. 3 A. W. Gomme et al., Historical Commentary on Thucydides, 5, 1981, 266-268. [German version] [2] Nauarch of Ptolemy IX, 1st cent. BC Nauarch of Ptolemy IX; perhaps strategos of Cyprus; 88 BC…

Metiochus

(102 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Μητίοχος; Mētíochos). Eldest son of Miltiades [2], half-brother of Cimon [2]. Commanded one of the five triremes used by Miltiades to flee from the Chersonesus [1] to Athens in 493 BC at the end of the Ionian Revolt. It was the one the Persians seized, but Darius [1] gave him a fief and a wife and children were regarded as full Persians (Hdt. 6,41,2-4; non-Herodotean tradition in Marcellinus, Thucydides Vita 12, but cf. e.g. [1. 302]). Nothing is known of his probably Athenian mother or any siblings. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 Davies 2PA 10132 3 Traill, PAA…

Abdemon

(70 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] Phoenician from Tyre (Diod. Sic. 14,98) or Citium (Theopomp. FGrH 115 F 103), who murdered the Tyrian usurper of Salamis c. 415 BC (Isoc. Or. 9,26).  Evagoras, who fled to Soli under A., returned in 411 (Isoc. Or. 9,26-32; Diod. Sic. loc. cit.) and restored the Greek monarchy. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography H. Berve, Die Tyrannis bei den Griechen, 1967, 341 F. G. Maier, Cyprus and Phoenicia, CAH 62, 312.

Megacles

(635 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
(Μεγακλῆς; Megaklês). A name that was increasingly common in the Athenian house of the Alcmaeonids in the 7th-5th cents. BC. [German version] [1] Árchon (632/1? B.C.) according to Plutarch The first historical M. Plutarch (Solon 12,1) designates him by name as the árchōn (632/1?), allegedly responsible for the defeat of the Cylonian revolution ( Cylon [1]) and the subsequent curse of the Alcmaeonids (Hdt. 5,71; Thuc. 1,126). Peisistratids Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Develin, 30f. PA 9688 Traill, PAA 636340. [German version] [2] Politican and strongman in 6th-ce…

Taureas

(106 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Ταυρέας; Tauréas). As a son of a cousin of Leogoras [1] (whose son, the orator Andocides [1], boasted he was from the “oldest of all the noble houses”, And. 1,47), he belonged to the Athenian nobility. Between 430 and 415 BC he was trounced by Alcibiades [3] in a dispute over a choregia; denounced in the scandal of the Mutilation of the Herms (Herms, Mutilation of the) in 415, he was released when Andocides confessed. At about this time T. already had an adult son. Plato [1] knows of a palaestra belonging to T. (Plat. Charm. 153a). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davie…

Polycrates

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Cobet, Justus (Essen) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Πολυκράτης; Polycrátēs). [German version] [1] Tyrant of Samos, 540-522 BC Son of Aeaces [1], tyrant of Samos c. 540-522 BC, initially together with his brothers Pantagnostus and Syloson; he killed the former and expelled the latter (Hdt. 3,39). Aristotle calls major constructions comparable to the pyramids [6] 'the works of P.' (Aristot. Pol. 1313b 24); Herodotus pinpoints three buildings on Samos as the largest among those of the Greeks: the Temple of Hera, the harbour mole and the aqueduct of the architect Eu…

Tisamenus

(313 words)

Author(s): Binder, Carsten (Kiel) | Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
(Τεισαμενός/ Teisamenós, Lat. Tisamenus). [German version] [1] Son of Thersander Son of Thersander, the king of Thebes and of Demonassa [1] (Paus. 9,5,15) and therefore a grandson of Polyneices (Hdt. 6,52). After the death of his father in Mysia, Peneleus at first led the Theban contingent to Troy in place of T. who was still too young (Hom. Il. 2,494). T. became king of Thebes only after Peneleus died. Under his rule, the curse on his lineage was supposedly dormant. His son Theras is said to have settled the island of Thera (Hdt. 4,147; Paus. 3,15,6 f.). Binder, Carsten (Kiel) …

Charinus

(227 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Furley, William D. (Heidelberg)
(Χαρῖνος; Charînos). [German version] [1] Enemy of Megara, 5th cent. BC In 433/32 BC, in accordance with the wishes of Pericles, proposed a statute of eternal hatred and active enmity towards Megara, owing to the murder of a herald (Plut. Pericles 30,3; Mor. 812C-D; PA 15434). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Develin 101 P. M. Fraser, E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek personal names, vol. 2, 1994, 475, no. 4. [German version] [2] Athenian, c. 340 BC Athenian friendly towards Macedonia, c. 340 BC (Dem. Or. 58,37f.; Din. 1,63; PA 15437). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography…

Peisianax

(112 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Πεισίαναξ; Peisíanax). Athenian, Alcmaeonid (Alcmaeonids), brother of Isodice who married Cimon [2] in around 480 BC . P. endowed the Stoa Peisianakteios built around 460 on the northern side of the Athenian Agora near the Panathenaean Way. Its foundations have been partly uncovered north of the modern Hadrian's Road. Four large plates (e.g. Battle of Marathon: [1]) decorated this hall that was later known as the Stoa Poikile. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 E. Harrison, The South Frieze of the Nike Temple and the Marathon Painting in the…

Thessalus

(1,026 words)

Author(s): Binder, Carsten (Kiel) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Θεσσαλός/ Thessalós). [German version] [1] Eponym of the Greek territory of Thessaly Eponym of the Greek territory of Thessaly (Thessalians, Thessalia; Plin. HN 4,28), son of Haemon [1] (Rhianus FGrH 265 F 30), of the Heraclid Aeatus (Charax FGrH 103 F 6) or of Iason [1] and Medea (Diod. Sic. 4,54 f.). Binder, Carsten (Kiel) [German version] [2] Of Athens, son of Peisistratus [4] Athenian, son of Peisistratus [4]. Not named in Herodotus, T. first appears in Thucydides (1,20,2; 6,55,1) as a childless full brother of Hippias [1] and Hipparchus [1] from t…
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