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Lycuria

(33 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Λυκουρία; Lykouría). City in the plain of Pheneus on the road to Cleitor in Arcadia, on the border between the two cities; cf. Paus. 8,19,4; 20,1. Lafond, Yves (Bochum)

Phara

(180 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Φαρά/ Phará, Φαραί/ Pharaí, ethnicon Φαραιεύς/ Pharaieús). City in western Achaea on the left bank of the Peirus (Str. 8,7,4f.; Paus. 7,22,1-5 [2. 186-188]; Ptol. 3,16,15: Φέραι or Φάραι; Plin. HN 4,13: Pherae; Steph. Byz. s.v. Φαραί, also Φηραί) near the modern villages of Pharai and Prevedos. With a commanding position on the road between western Achaea (with Patrae) and Arcadia. Significant in the Mycenaean period [1. 230-232, 240f.]. P. was one of the 12 ancient cities of Achaea (Hdt. 1,145: Φαρέες; Pol. 2…

Lycosura

(505 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
This item can be found on the following maps: Achaeans, Achaea | Oracles (Λυκόσουρα; Lykósoura). [German version] A. Location and history City of Arcadian Parrhasia, 7 km west of Megale Polis with a sanctuary of Despoina (Persephone/Kore), today called Siderokastro of Stala or Palaiokrambavos. L. is situated in the forested mountain country on the southern bank of the Plataniston, and the sanctuary is located on a terrace of a range of hills on whose peak L. lay; with the exception of parts of the wall of the acro…

Hecatombaeum

(55 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἑκατόμβαιον; Hekatómbaion). Sanctuary near  Dyme [1], where Cleomenes III gained a victory over the Achaeans in 226 BC (Pol. 2,51,3; Plut. Cleomenes 14,2, Aratus 39,1). The exact location is unknown; the location is dependent on the interpretation of Cleomenes' campaign route. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography M. Osanna, Santuari e culti dell'Acaia antica, 1996, 42f.

Hermion(e)

(315 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Grain Trade, Grain Import | Achaeans, Achaea | Macedonia, Macedones | Peloponnesian War | Persian Wars (epigraphically and literarily Ἑρμιών; Hermiṓn and Ἑρμιόνη; Hermiónē, ethnikon Ἑρμιονεῖς; Hermioneîs). Town in the eastern area of the Argolid, modern Ermioni, whose territory comprised the south-east of the area of Cape Thermisi 6 km east of H. to Cape Iri south of the Bedeni stream. H. owed its importance to the two well-protected harbours, separated by narrow, elong…

Hydrea

(55 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Ὑδρέα; Hydréa). Island on the eastern coast of the Argolian Acte, rocky, not very fertile, settled already in the Mycenaean period, modern Hydra; belonged first to  Hermione, then to Troezen. References: Hdt. 3,59; Paus. 2,34,9; Steph. Byz. s.v. H.; Inscriptions: SEG 1, 79f.; 17, 172-177. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography N. Pharaklas, Ἑρμιονίς, 1972.

Cotyrta

(57 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta (Κοτύρτα; Kotýrta). Spartan   períoikoi town on the west coast of the Parnon penninsula ( Parnon), maybe modern Daimonía, where Mycenaean finds have been recorded in quantity. References: Thuc. 4,56,1; Steph. Byz. s.v. Κ. Epigraphy: IG V 1,961-967; 1013; SEG 2,173-175; 11,899. Lafond, Yves (Bochum)

Coryphasium

(89 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Κορυφάσιον, Koryphásion). Rocky cape at the north end of the Bay of Navarino in Messenia; in the Classical period this was the site of the city of  Pylos with a sanctuary of Athena Coryphasia (Paus. 4,36,1f.). The port of Pylos is not identical to the Osman-Aga lagoon (Divari), but can be found in the Bay of Navarino. Evidence: Thuc. 4,3,2; 118,4; 5,18,7; Diod. Sic. 15,77,4; Str. 8,3,7; 21; 23; 27; 4,1f. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography E. Meyer, s.v. Messenien, Re Suppl. 15. 201f. Pritchett 1, 1965, 6-29.

Aegium

(380 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Dark Ages | Hellenistic states | Achaeans, Achaea | Macedonia, Macedones | Natural catastrophes (Αἴγιον; Aígion). Town in  Achaea on the Corinthian Gulf (Hom. Il. 2,574; Hdt. 1,145; Ps.-Scyl. 42; Str. 8,7,5, and also Ptol. 3,16,5; Hierocles 647; Geogr. Rav. 5,13). A. rose in three terraces above sea level, at the edge of a plateau with a slight drop to the west, which extended to the mountains in the south, at a safe anchorage between the mouths of two rivers…

Parparus

(143 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Πάρπαρος; Párparos). Site of the legendary battle of the mid-6th cent. BC between the Spartans and Argives over Thyreatis, in the Cynuria [1] to the south of the spur of what is now the Zavitsa [1; 2. 183-185; 6. vol. 3, 111-114; 6. vol. 7, 171]. The feast of the Parparonia was celebrated at Sparta in commemoration of this battle [3; 4. 194-199; 5. 260-262]. Evidence: Anecd. Bekk. 1408; Hsch. s.v. Π.; Ath. 15,678bc; Plin. HN 4,17. Inscriptions: IG V 1, 213; SEG 35, 302; 38, 333. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography 1 L. Moretti, Sparta alla metà del VI secolo. II. La…

Tritaea

(170 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Achaeans, Achaea (Τριταία/ Tritaía,  in literature also Τρίτεια/ Tríteia). City in western Achaea (Achaei, with map; Paus. 6,12,8 f.; 7,22,6-9; Plin. HN 4,22; Cic. Att. 6,2,3) opposite the northwestern slopes of the Erymanthus [1] mountains on the Vunduchla plain,  which is bounded in the east and west by two tributaries of the Peirus [1. 9 f.], near modern Agia Marina, with numerous  ancient remains (Str. 8,3,10; 8,7,4). T. was one of the twelve ancie…

Lepreum

(308 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Λέπρεον; Lépreon). The most significant, southerly city of Triphylia. Preserved remains of the acropolis in the north of modern L. (formerly Strovitsi) with parts of a ring wall and other building remains: a small Doric temple (Demeter? [1]) of the 4th cent. BC and an altar; in the territory of L. on the road from Perivolia to Bassae a Doric temple of the 4th/3rd cents. BC [2]; in the southwest, near modern Prasidaki, a Doric temple of the Hellenic period. Minyan foundation after…

Psophis

(154 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Achaeans, Achaea (Ψωφίς/ Psōphís). City in northwest Arcadia where the Aroanius (modern Nousaitiko) flows into the Erymanthus [2] (Pol. 4,70,3 ff.; Paus. 8,24,1-14; Ptol. 3,16,19; Mela 2,43; Plin. HN 4,20; Steph. Byz. s.v. Ψωφίς), near modern P. The farmer Aglaus, famous for his simplicity, was from P. at the time of Gyges [1] (Paus. 8,24,13 f.; Plin. HN 7,151; Val. Max. 7,1,2). In 219 BC the city was conquered by Philip [7] V and handed over to t…

Gortys

(203 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] (Γόρτυς). Ortschaft in Arkadia beim h. Atsicholo zw. Dimitsana und Karytaena in einer Talerweiterung über dem rechten Ufer des Gortynios, eines Nebenflusses des Alpheios [1]. G. umfaßte eine befestigte Akropolis, die den nördl. Zutritt zur Ebene von Megalopolis kontrollierte, und im NO der Akropolis eine die Schlucht des Gortynios überragende Terrasse. Paus. 8,27,4 zählt G. zu einer Reihe von Orten, deren Bewohner aus der Kynuria kamen. G. wurde zum Gebiet von Megalopolis gezogen unter Beibehaltung des kómē-Status [1]. Anf. des 2. Jh. v.Chr. gehörte G. z…

Helike

(148 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
(Ἑλίκη). [English version] [1] Stadt in Achaia Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Achaioi, Achaia | Naturkatastrophen Stadt in der Ebene von Aigion in Achaia zw. den Mündungen von Selinus und Kerynitis (h. Buphusia) mit dem berühmten Heiligtum des Poseidon Helikonios. H. beteiligte sich an der ion. und der großgriech. Kolonisation (Gründung von Sybaris, Strab. 6,1,13-15), war in klass. Zeit Hauptsitz des Achaiischen Bundes mit dem Bundesheiligtum Homarion. 373 v.Chr. wurde H. durch ein nächtliches E…

Melpeia

(39 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] (Μέλπεια). Ort im Nomia-Gebirge mit einem Heiligtum des Pan Nomios, südl. von Lykosura (Arkadia). Genaue Lage unbekannt. (Paus. 8,38,11). Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography Jost, 178f.  K. Kuruniotis, Ἀνασκαφαὶ ἐν Νομίου Πανός, in: Praktika 1902, 1903, 72-75.

Chrysorrhoas

(36 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] (Χρυσορρόας). Fluß bei Troizen, der auch bei langer Dürre nicht austrocknete (Paus. 2,31,10). Identisch mit dem h. Gephyraion im Westen der Stadt. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography G. Welter, Troizen und Kalaureia, 1941, 15.

Parisii

(149 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] Volksstamm der Gallia Celtica, später Lugdunensis, am mittleren Sequana (h. Seine), Hauptort Lutecia Parisiorum (h. Paris). Mitte des 3. Jh.v.Chr. lebten P. in Britannia. Am Sequana waren die P. den Senones benachbart. Um die Wende des 2./1. Jh. v.Chr. waren sie mit diesen verbündet, dann von diesen abhängig; sie prägten Gold-Mz. [1]. 53 v.Chr. verlegte Caesar das concilium Galliae nach Lutecia (Caes. Gall. 6,3,4). Im J. 52 schlossen sich die P. Vercingetorix an (Caes. Gall. 7,4,6; 34,2; 57,1; 75,3). Aus röm. Zeit ist das collegium der nautae Parisiaci bezeugt ([…

Kromnos

(78 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] (Κρῶμνος, Κρῶμνα, Κρῶμναι, Κρῶμοι). Ortschaft in der arkad. Landschaft Kromnitis an der Straße von Megalopolis nach Messene, 11 km südl. von Megalopolis, evtl. auf einem Hügel ca. 2 km nordöstl. vom h. Paradisia (Παραδείσια). Bei der Gründung von Megalopolis eingemeindet. Belege: Paus. 8,3,4; 27,4; 34,5f.; Xen. hell. 7,4,20-28; Kallisthenes, FGrH 124 F 13; Steph. Byz., s.v. Κρῶμνα. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography J. Roy u.a., Two Sites in the Megalopolis Basin, in: J.M. Sanders (Hrsg.), ΦΙΛΟΛΑΚΩΝ, 1992, 190-194.

Pitana

(117 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Handel (Πιτάνα, Πιτάνη). Ortsteil von Sparta (Pind. O. 6,28; Hdt. 3,55; Paus. 3,16,9; Plut. mor. 601b) westl. und südwestl. der Akropolis, als Wohngebiet bevorzugt, wo schon Menelaos [1] gewohnt haben soll (Eur. Tro. 112ff.; Paus. 3,14,6); hier lag auch das Grabmal der Königsfamilie der Agiadai (Paus. 3,14,2ff.). Mit Mesoa, Kynosura, Limnai und Amyklai eine der fünf Ortschaften, aus denen sich die Polis Sparta gründete. P. bildete eine der Bürgerabteilungen (ὠβά/ ōbá) von Sparta und eine Abteilung des Heere…
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