[German Version] I. Primitive Christianity – II. History of Doctrine – III. Dogmatics – IV. Forms of Extra-ecclesial Christology
I. Primitive Christianity
1. History of research and preliminary questions
term Christology, which originated in the early 17th century, was coined for systematic reflection concerning Jesus Christ. Initially, conceptions and Christologies dealing with the salvation history of the whole Bible beginning with the Old Testament were as highly valued as the New Testament (cf. e.g. G.F. Händel's
Messiah). NT Christology went its own way only in the late 18th century. It did not detach itself from the theological task, but, through historical methods, from service to dogmatic theology. To the extent that shoots of OT Christology continued in the 20th century, they served to bring to mind the relevance of the OT (e.g. Vischer, 1934/1942).
b. From the 18th/19th century, the decision to give a historical account has entailed the problem of