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Archenomos

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀρχένομος) aus Rhodos, Sohn des Hermias, Sieg in der Mitte des 2. Jh. v. Chr. bei den Heraia auf Samos mit einem neuen Satyrspiel (DID A 11 a). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 50  TrGF 143.

Datis

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Δάτις). Tragiker aus Thorikos, Sohn des Karkinos (Aristoph. Pax 289ff. mit schol. R V; s.a. TrGF 21); D. ist vielleicht ein Spitzname des Xenokles (TrGF 33), s.a. [1. 283-285]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 TrGF 34.

Anaxion

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀναξίων) aus Mytilene, Sohn des Thrasykleides, gewann mit dem Satyrspiel Πέρσαι ( Persai) in Teos; Zeit unbekannt (Inschr. Teos, hrsg. v. P. Le Bas III, Nr. 91, p. 37). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 48  TrGF 202.

Amymon

(37 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀμύμων) aus Sikyon, Tragiker (CAT A 6, 5; Zeit: vor dem Ende des 3. Jh. v. Chr.), vielleicht 2 Siege an den Dionysien (vgl. DID A 3a, 47). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 123.

Aiantides

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Αἰαντίδης, CAT A 5 b, 4) oder Aiantiades (CAT A 5a, 5). Tragiker, wurde zur Pleias tragischer Dichter unter Ptolemaios Philadelphos (282-46 v. Chr.) gerechnet; vielleicht ist er mit dem in DID A 3a, 64 genannten Dichter (vgl. TrGF 107) identisch. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163  TrGF 102.

Apolinarios

(80 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀπολινάριος) aus Laodikeia; Schreibung: Suda u. Sozomenos, sonst Apollinarios (z. B. RE) oder Apollinaris [z. B. 2]; s. auch Apollinarios [3]. Einer der einflußreichsten Kirchenschriftsteller des 4. Jh. Nach Soz. 5, 18 (vgl. Suda α 3397) schuf er eine Lit. christl. Inhalts: eine an Homer angelehnte hebr. Gesch. bis auf Saul, Komödien im Stile Menanders, Trag. im Stile des Euripides und pindarische Lyrik. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 TrGF 197 2 J. H. Waszink, JbAC 7, 1964, 145.

Kairios

(29 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Καίριος). Tragiker, laut DID A 3b, 55 siegte er einmal an den Lenäen vermutlich im Jahre 351 v.Chr. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 183  TrGF 82.

Biotos

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Βίοτος). Tragiker, aus dessen Medeia ein Fragment erh. ist. Evtl. ist er mit dem Komiker Biottos, der 167 und 155 v.Chr. in den Didaskalíai erwähnt wird, identisch [1. 80]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, KS 4, 1962 2 TrGF 205.

Dorillos

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Δόριλλος). Tragiker; in den Lémniai des Aristophanes (PCG III 2,382Aristoph. PCG III 2,382, ca. 413/05 v.Chr.) als doríallon (“weibliche Scham” [1. 130ff., bes. 146 und 148]) verspottet; evtl. Dorilaos, ein Zeitgenosse des Euripides (s. DID C 18). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse, 1975. TrGF 41.

Euaretos

(47 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Εὐάρετος). Tragiker, an den Dionysien des Jahres 341 Zweiter mit Teúkros, Achilleús und einem unbekannten Stück (DID A 2a,7), an den Dionysien des Jahres 340 Dritter mit Alkméōn und einem unbekannten Stück (DID A 2a, 26). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 91f. TrGF 85.

Athenias

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀθηνίας) oder Athenion (Ἀθηνίων) aus Anthedon, Sohn des Nikarchos; 2. Preis als Dichter eines Satyrspieles zwischen 90 und 80 v.Chr. bei den Sarapieia in Tanagra (DID A 7,33). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 53  TrGF 162.

Dionysiades

(45 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Διονυσιάδης). Sohn des Phylarchides, Tragiker aus Mallos (Suda δ 1169), nach Strab. 14,6,759 aus Tarsos, zählte zur Pleias. Vielleicht identisch mit dem unter den Dionysiensiegern gen. Dichter (TrGF 110, s.a. DID A 3a, 67). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163  TrGF 105.

Choerilus

(1,204 words)

Author(s): Fantuzzi, Marco (Florence) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Χοιρίλος; Choirílos). [German version] [1] from Samos Poet, 5th cent. BC Poet of the 5th cent. BC. Earliest known author of historically based epic poetry; died at the court of the Macedonian king Archelaus (413-399 BC) (Suda: SH 315 = PEG I, T 1). As late as 404 he is attested as participating in an agon of encomiastic poetry in honour of Lysander on Samos (Plut.: PEG I, T 3). These two dates derive from two separate and probably independent sources. The divergent chronologies in the Suda (C. as a contemporary of the epic poet Panyassis; a youth a…

Democrates

(130 words)

Author(s): Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δημοκράτης; Dēmokrátēs). [German version] [1] Attic orator of the 4th cent. BC from Aphidna Attic orator of the 4th cent. BC from Aphidna, probably an older contemporary of Demosthenes [2] (about 338 BC he is called γέρων ( gérōn; old man), cf. Stob. Floril. 3,22,43). As the descendant of  Harmodius or  Aristogeiton, he had a claim to free provisions in the Prytaneion (Hyp. 4,3). He belonged to the Pro-Macedonian party (Hyp. 4,2). He is also mentioned in Aeschin. Leg. 2,17 and Isaeus 6,22. Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) Bibliography Blass, 3,2. [German version] [2] Tragedian of Sic…

Aristocrates

(485 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] Legendary king of the Arcadian Orchomenus (2nd half 7th cent. BC) Legendary king of the Arcadian Orchomenus (Apollod. FGrH 244 F 334; according to Paus. 4,17,2; 8,5,13 king of Trapezus) at the time of the Second Messenian War (2nd half of the 7th cent. BC); according to Diog. Laert. 1,94, he ruled, together with his son, over almost all of Arcadia. As leader of the Arcadians, on several occasions A. supposedly betrayed his Messenian allies under the leadership of  Aristomenes to Sparta (Paus. 4,17,2-8; 22,1-6), and he was finally stoned …

Evetes

(124 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen)
(Εὐέτης; Euétēs). [German version] [1] Tragedian Tragedian, whose plays were performed in Athens at the time of  Epicharmus (486/5 or 485/4 BC; cf. Suda ε 2766; see also [1.34]). A victory at the Dionysia soon after 484 is transmitted (DID A 3a, 12). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 H. Hoffmann, Chronologie der att. Tragödie, 1951. TrGF 6. [German version] [2] Comedian Comic poet; his only transmitted play title Epíklēros (‘The Heiress’) can hardly be made to fit in chronologically with the observation in the Suda (ε 2766) that a playwright named E.…

Homerus

(4,933 words)

Author(s): Latacz, Joachim (Basle) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] The poet Homer Homer (Ὅμηρος/ Hómēros, Lat. Homērus, French Homère, German Homer). Latacz, Joachim (Basle) [German version] I. Short definition Homer is the first poet of the European cultural area of whom works of a major scope are completely extant (around 28,000 hexametric lines in the Greek language), which have been received continuously in all parts of the world influenced by European culture since they were composed c. 2,700 years ago and which have exerted evident as well as covert influence on cultural development until the present time [11; 39; 17. 274]. La…

Isagoras

(246 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἰσαγόρας; Isagóras). [German version] [1] Son of Teisander, Cleisthenes' competitor after the fall of the tyrants Son of Teisander, he fought  Cleisthenes for supreme power in Athens after the fall of the tyrants. The conflict was initially between their hetairiai ( Hetairia). It was only when I. was elected archon for the year 508/507 BC, that Cleisthenes was successful in winning the support of the dḗmos. I. too had to mobilize additional sources of power and in traditional aristocratic manner had his guest  Cleomenes I of Sparta intervene in Attica and e…

Artavasdes

(727 words)

Author(s): Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀρταουάσδης; Artaouásdēs). [German version] [1] I. King of Armenia between 160 and 120 BC King of Armenia between 160 and 120 BC. He was the son of Artaxias I and father (not brother) of Tigranes I. Toward the end of his rule, he was attacked by the Arsacid  Mithridates II (Just. Epit. 42,2,6), which led to the handing over of his grandson Tigranes II to the Parthians as a hostage. Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) [German version] [2] II. King of Armenia between (55-34 BC) (also called Artabazes, Ἀρταβάζης; Artabázēs) as son and successor to Tigranes II. Began his rule as king of Arm…

Aphareus

(338 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀφαρεύς; Aphareús). [German version] [1] Son of Perieres and Gorgophone Son of  Perieres and Gorgophone, daughter of Perseus. As king of the Messenians he founded Arene at Pylos, which he named after his wife, the daughter of Oebalus and his half-sister. He took in Neleus and gave him Pylos, and was initiated into the cult of the ‘Great Gods’ of Andania by Lycus, son of Pandium (Paus. 4,2,4-6); Athenian propaganda is reflected here. He also took in Tyndareos (Paus. 3,1,4). His sons Idas and Lynceus (Paus…
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