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Isidorus

(2,455 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Oelsner, Joachim (Leipzig) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Et al.
(Ἰσίδωρος; Isídōros). [German version] [1] Pirate captain, defeated by Lucullus at Tenedus in 72 BC Pirate captain who organized the Cilician pirates in the area around Crete, was besieged in 78 BC by P. Servilius Isauricus (Flor. 1,41,3), later entered the service of Mithridates and in 72 was defeated by Lucullus in the naval battle of Tenedos at the entrance to the Dardanelles (App. Mithr. 77, Memnon 42,2 = FHG 3,548) and killed (Plut. Lucullus 12.2). Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) [German version] [2] I. of Charax Geographer, end of 1st cent. BC Geographer, certainly of the Augustan p…

Apollonius

(7,446 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Fantuzzi, Marco (Florence) | Hunter, Richard (Cambridge) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Hidber, Thomas (Berne) | Et al.
(Ἀπολλώνιος; Apollṓnnios). [German version] [1] Dioiketes of Ptolemy II (259-245 BC) Of Caria, possibly Ptolemaic o ikonomos there in 267 BC. Was dioiketes of Ptolemy II from April /May 259 until the end of 245; in 252 escorted Berenice to her wedding to Antiochus II. At a critical transition period A. found himself responsible for the economy of the kingdom of the Ptolemies, adapting the fiscal system to the monetary economy of the Lagids, for which purpose he was entrusted with the management of finances and the co…

Acestor

(266 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀκέστωρ; Akéstōr), ‘Healer’, literary epithet of Apollo (Eur. Androm. 900), but also anthronym (unknown Athenian: Aristoph. vesp. 1221). [German version] [1] Figure from Greek myth; Son of Ephippos of Tanagra Son of Ephippos of Tanagra, killed by Achilles (Plut. qu. Gr. 37, 299c, following a local epic). Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) [German version] [2] Hero in the genealogy of the Philaedians Hero in the genealogy of the Philaedians, namely great-grandson of  Philaeus (Pherec. FGrH 3 F 2; Markell. v. Thuc. 3). Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) [German version] [3] Athenian Athenian, alleg…

Aphareus

(338 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀφαρεύς; Aphareús). [German version] [1] Son of Perieres and Gorgophone Son of  Perieres and Gorgophone, daughter of Perseus. As king of the Messenians he founded Arene at Pylos, which he named after his wife, the daughter of Oebalus and his half-sister. He took in Neleus and gave him Pylos, and was initiated into the cult of the ‘Great Gods’ of Andania by Lycus, son of Pandium (Paus. 4,2,4-6); Athenian propaganda is reflected here. He also took in Tyndareos (Paus. 3,1,4). His sons Idas and Lynceus (Paus…

Achaeus

(368 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale)
(Ἀχαιός; Achaiós). [German version] [1] Son of Xuthus and Creusa Son of Xuthus and Creusa, grandson of Helen, brother of Ion (Hes. fr. 10a 20-24; Apollod. 1,49 f.). He settled in Achaea (Eur. Ion 1592-4; Philochor. FGrH 328 F 13) or in Thessaly (Paus. 7,1,2), from whence his sons Archander and Architeles set off for Argus (Paus. 7,1,6). The myths reflect attempts to establish a special position of the Achaeans in the Peloponnese. Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) Bibliography M. L. West, The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, 1985, 57 f. [German version] [2] of Eritrea Tragedian, 5th cent. BC Tragedi…

Chaeremon

(358 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Χαιρήμων; Chairḗmōn). [German version] [1] Tragedian, middle of the 4th cent. BC Tragedian; mentioned by the comedy writers Eubulus (Ath. 2,43c) and Ephippus (Juv. fr. 9 Kock in Ath. 11,482b), which locates him in the middle of the 4th cent. BC. Performed again 276-19 at the Naïa in Dodona (DID B 11,13); titles: Alphesiboea, ‘Achilles killer of Thersites (Apulian vase, Boston 03.804 [1. 166]), Dionysus, Thyestes, Io, The Centaur, The Minyae, Odysseus, Oeneus and more than 40 fragments. Aristot. Rhet. 3,12,1413b8) counts him among those writers whose plays are full…

Hippothoon

(163 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἱπποθόων; Hippothóōn). [German version] [1] King in Eleusis Second son of  Poseidon and  Alope (Hyg. Fab. 187; 252). As an infant abandoned by his grandfather  Cercyon and taken in by  Theseus; later king, probably in Eleusis (Hes. fr. 215 M-W; H. Hom. 2,153). This is further supported by the fact that H. was venerated there as a cult hero and phyle hero, as suggested by the Hippothoontion's location near Eleusis on the river Cephissus (Paus. 1,38,4). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography U. Kron, s.v. H., LIMC 5.1, 468-475. [German version] [2] Author of sententious …

Aristias

(150 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] Sculptor from Aphrodisias, early 2nd cent. AD (Aristeas). Sculptor from  Aphrodisias [1], who worked in the early 2nd cent. AD. Together with Papias, he signed the dark marble statues of an old and of a young centaur, copies of Hellenistic bronze sculptures, from Hadrian's villa near Tivoli. Neudecker, Richard (Rome) Bibliography H. von Steuben, in: Helbig II, no. 1398 J. Raeder, Die statuarische Ausstattung der Villa Hadriana bei Tivoli, 1983, 236-238 M. Squarciapino, La Scuola di Afrodisia, 1943, 32-34. [German version] [2] of Phlius Tragedian Tragic poet…

Glaukon

(381 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Döring, Klaus (Bamberg) | Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Et al.
(Γλαύκων). [English version] [1] Athen. strategós um 440 v. Chr. Sohn des Leagoras, athenischer stratēgós bei Samos 441/440 v.Chr. (Androtion FGrH 324 F 38 mit Komm.); 439/8 und 435/4 stratēgós, 433/2 Kommandant der nach Korkyra gesandten Flotte (Thuk. 1,51; Syll.3 72). Auf att. Lieblingsinschriften 480-450 v.Chr. häufig erwähnt. Traill, PAA 277035. Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [English version] [2] Sohn des Kritias, Vater von Platons Mutter Periktione Sohn des Kritias, Vater des Charmides und von Platons Mutter Periktione (Plat. Prot. 315a; Charm. 154ab; symp. …

Euandridas

(40 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Εὐανδρίδας). Tragiker, Sohn des Hestiaios; nach einer in Milet gefundenen Inschr. von ca. 200 v.Chr. (GVI 2018) wurde er genau 80 Jahre alt [1. 185 B]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 A.Rehm, R. Harder, Didyma II, 1958 2 TrGF 116.

Astydamas

(202 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀστυδάμας). [English version] [1] Der Ältere Tragiker aus Athen, um 398 v. Chr. Tragiker aus Athen, laut Suda α 4265 Sohn des Morsimos und Enkel des Philokles; nach Diod. 14,43,5 erste Aufführung 398 v.Chr. Schon im Altertum wurde er mit seinem Sohn [2] verwechselt. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 59. [English version] [2] Der Jüngere Tragiker aus Athen, Sohn des A. [1], 4. Jh. v. Chr. Tragiker aus Athen, Sohn des A. [1]. Erster Sieg bei den Dionysien 372 v.Chr. (DID A 3a,44 und D 1), weitere Erfolge 347 (DID A 1, 271), 341 mit Achilleus, Athamas und Antigone (DID A 1, 292 un…

Gnesippus

(125 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Γνήσιππος; Gnḗsippos). Perhaps identical with the tragedian  Nothippus (5th cent. BC; cf. TrGF 26; DID A3,14 and TrGF 8) [1. 481, 18ff.]; the name G. was possibly used jestingly for Nothippus [2. 399]. In Athenaeus (8,344c f. and 14,638d ff.) they are used for two different persons: in 14,638d ff., due to his new ‘soft’ style, G. is mocked on one hand as a ‘paigniagraphos of the merry muse’ by contemporary comedians (e.g., Cratinus), on the other hand ─ if the transition in 14,638…

Athenias

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀθηνίας; Athēnías) or Athenion (Ἀθηνίων; Athēníōn) of Anthedon, son of Nicarchus; second prize as poet of a satyr play between 90 and 80 BC at the Sarapieia in Tanagra (DID A 7,33). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 53 TrGF 162.

Diognetus

(335 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg)
(Διόγνητος; Diógnētos). [German version] [1] Athenian, victor at the Dionysia in 415 BC Athenian, son of Niceratus, from Cyantidae; brother of Nicias and Eucrates [2], father of Diomnestus. Winner at the Dionysia in 415 BC (Pl. Grg. 472a), afterwards exiled; in Athens in 404-03. Intervened in 403 with Pausanias on behalf of Nicias' sons. Died c. 396 (Lys. 18,4; 9f.; 21; And. 1,47). Perhaps identical with the person named by Traill (PAA 327535, 327540). Traill, PAA 327820; Davies 10808. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) [German version] [2] Nauarch of Antiochus III c. 220 BC As nauarch of An…

Dicaeogenes

(123 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δικαιογένης; Dikaiogénēs). [German version] [1] Athenian, trierarch of the Paralos, feel in 412/11 BC Athenian from a wealthy and respected family (Davies, 145-149 pl. II). When trierarch of the state trireme Paralos he fell at Cnidus in 412/11 BC. An action was brought in 389 concerning the testamentary disposal of his wealth (Isaeus, Or. 5). Traill, PAA 324245. Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] of Athens Tragedian and dithyrambic poet (?), tragedian and dithyrambic poet. In the 4th cent. BC victor at the rural Dionysia in the deme of Acharnae i…

Asclepiades

(2,568 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Döring, Klaus (Bamberg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa)
(Ἀσκληπιάδης; Asklēpiádēs) [German version] [1] of Samos Epigrammatic poet Epigrammatic poet of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager, who addresses him in the preface by the dark pseudonym Σικελίδης (Anth. Pal. 4,1,46; cf. Hedylus, GA I 1, 101 6, 4; Theoc. 7,40); an outstanding representative of the Ionian-Alexandrianschool, he lived around the turn of the 4th/3rd cent. BC. A. was highly praised by Theocritus (7,39-41), but attacked by Callimachus (schol. Flor. Callim. Fr.1,1). From the latter he differed, among other things, through a diametrically opposed appraisal of the Lyde of Antimach…

Antiphilus

(465 words)

Author(s): Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Hoesch, Nicola (Munich)
(Ἀντίφιλος; Antíphilos). [German version] [1] Athenian strategos of hoplites (323/22 BC) The Athenian A. was elected Athenian strategos of hoplites ( Hoplites) after the death of Leosthenes 323/322 BC, whose successor he became. He took over the command of the land forces of the Hellenic League in the Lamian or Hellenic War and distinguished himself through military skills and courage (Plut. Phoc. 24,1-2; Diod. Sic. 18,13,6). He lifted the siege of  Antipater at  Lamia, in 322 defeated a Macedonian army under Le…

Dymas

(251 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δύμας; Dýmas). [German version] [1] Phrygian king on the Sangarius, father of Hecuba Phrygian king on the Sangarius; father of Hecuba the wife of Priam, and of Asius (Hom. Il. 16,718; Apollod. 3,148; Hyg. Fab. 91,1; Ov. Met. 11,761). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [2] Phaeacian A Phaeacian, whose daughter was a friend of Nausicaa (Hom. Od. 6,22). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [3] Trojan in the Aeneid A Trojan who joined Aeneas at the fall of Troy, and was killed (Verg. Aen. 2,340; 428). Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography T. Gargiulo, s.v. Dimante, EV 2, 75. [German version] [4] …

Aristokrates

(439 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] [1] Legendärer König des arkadischen Orchomenos (2.H. 7. Jh. v. Chr.) Legendärer König des arkadischen Orchomenos (Apollod. FGrH 244 F 334; nach Paus. 4,17,2; 8,5,13 König von Trapezus) z.Z. des 2. Messenischen Krieges (2. H. 7. Jh. v. Chr.), nach Diog. Laert. 1,94 mit seinem Sohn Herrscher über fast ganz Arkadien. A. soll als Anführer der Arkader mehrfach die verbündeten Messenier unter Aristomenes an Sparta verraten haben (Paus. 4,17,2-8; 22,1-6) und dafür zuletzt von den eigenen Leuten gesteinigt worden sein (Paus. 4,22,7). Ka…

Hermokrates

(483 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἑρμοκράτης). [English version] [1] Syrakusanischer Staatsmann, 424 v. Chr. Syrakusanischer Staatsmann und General. Trat erstmals auf dem Friedenskongreß von Gela 424 v.Chr. hervor und forderte die sizilischen Griechen mit der Parole ‘Sizilien den Sikelioten’ erfolgreich dazu auf, die inneren Streitigkeiten beizulegen (Thuk. 4,58-64). Im J. 415 riet er zur Bildung einer über Sizilien hinausgreifenden Koalition gegen Athen (Thuk. 6,32,3-34). Zunächst zu einem der drei bevollmächtigten Strategen gewählt, d…
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