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Stoltz

(113 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[English Version] Stoltz, Johann (ca.1514 Wittenberg – 1556 Weimar). Der Gestalter der Jenaer Lutherausgabe durchlief in Wittenberg ab 1532 die übliche Universitätslaufbahn (1539 M.A.) – mit kurzer Unterbrechung als ordinierter Diaconus in Jessen 1539 und Prinzenerzieher in Freiberg und Dresden 1539/40 – bis zur Professur am Pädagogium 1544 und dem Theologiestudium. 1547 wurde er Hofprediger in Weimar und schloß sich den Gnesiolutheranern an. Die von der Wittenberger Lutherausg. abweichende Konzeption der Jenaer stammt von ihm. Heinz Scheible Bibliography J. Haussleiter…

Sarcerius, Erasmus

(281 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Apr 19, 1501, Annaberg – Nov 28, 1559, Magdeburg), a prolific writer and successful Reformer of an independent bent. After 1513 he spent years of study and travel in Freiberg, Erfurt, Leipzig, Wittenberg, Lübeck, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Basel, Vienna, Graz, and Rostock. His most important teacher was P. Mosellanus. In 1531 he was appointed deputy headmaster of the Katharineum, the Gymnasium in Lübeck founded by J. Bugenhagen. On Jun 15, 1536, he was appointed headmaster of the new L…

Melanchthon, Philipp

(5,554 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] I. Life – II. Work – III. Influence (born Schwartzerdt, in 1509 grecized by Reuchlin, from 1531 simplified by Melanchthon as Melanthon; Feb 16, 1497, Bretten – Apr 19, 1560, Wittenberg). I. Life Son of an arms technician in the service of the Palatinate court and the daughter of a prosperous merchant, Melanchthon was well educated, after his father's death in 1508 at Pforzheim under Georg Simler (fellow students: M. Erb, S. Grynaeus, B. Haller, K. Hedior, Franciscus Irenicus [1494–1553]), promoted by his relat…

Agricola, Rudolf

(99 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Huisman) (Feb 17, 1444, Baflo – Oct 27, 1487, Heidelberg) was schooled in Groningen and undertook studies in Erfurt, Cologne, Louvain, Pavia and Ferrara (Huisman). He translated rhetorical and dialectical works from Greek. In 1480 he was a lawyer for the city of Groningen. In 1484 he taught in Heidelberg and maintained frequent contact with humanists and journeyed to Rome. His writings, published posthumously, have had enduring influence. Heinz Scheible Bibliography Works include: Opuscula Orationes Epistolae, 1539, repr. 1975 De inventione dialectica libri…

Busche, Hermann von dem

(181 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Buschius, Sylvius; c. 1468, Sassenberg – Apr 1534, Dülmen) was educated in Münster, Deventer and Heidelberg, after which he traveled to Italy. From 1495 to 1500 he studied law in Cologne and lectured in the humanities, later also in Rostock, Greifswald and Leipzig. In 1502, he held the ceremonial speech on the occasion of the opening of the University of Wittenberg, and became professor of poetry in Leipzig in 1503. From 1507 onward, he was a man of letters in Cologne. He sided with J. Reuchlin in the Jewish books dispute and contributed to the Dunkelmännerbriefe (

Dryander

(110 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Enzinas, Francisco de; Nov 1, 1518, Burgos – Dec 30, 1552, Straßburg) moved from Leuven (1539) to Wittenberg in 1541, where he lived with Melanchthon. The latter inspired him to translate the NT into Spanish. In 1543, Dryander presented the Antwerp impression (Bible translations: II, 2.a) to the emperor in Brussels, whereupon he was imprisoned. In 1545, he fled to Wittenberg, where he recorded his experiences. He then traveled throughout Upper Germany and Switzerland, and stayed in England from 1548 to 1549. Heinz Scheible Bibliography F.W. Bautz, BBKL I, 1975, 151…

Aepinus, Johannes

(213 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Hoeck; 1499, Ziesar – May 13, 1553, Hamburg). In 1517 Aepinus was premonstratensian in Belbuck (near Treptow on the Rega). He studied in Wittenberg from 1518 to 1520, after which he taught in Ziesar, was imprisoned and fled, taught in Greifswald, and in 1524 in Stralsund, where he composed a church order on the commission of the Council in 15…

Briesmann, Johannes

(146 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Dec 31, 1488, Cottbus– Oct 1, 1549, Königsberg, Prussia), OFM. He studied at Wittenberg in 1507, at Frankfurt/Oder in 1510, and Wittenberg again in 1513. He was consecrated to the priesthood in 1510, and won over to Luther in 1519 at the Leipzig Disputation. He received the Dr. theol. from Wittenberg in 1522, became cathedral preacher in Köni…

Eitzen, Paul von

(163 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Jan 25, 1521, Hamburg – Feb 25, 1598, Schleswig) began studies in Wittenberg in 1539 (1543 M.A., 1556 Dr.theol.) and became school rector in Cölln/Spree (Berlin) in 1544. In 1547, he became professor of logic in Rostock. In 1548, he became preacher and lector at the cathedral in Hamburg, in 1555 also superintendent. In 1562, he became the general superintendent …

Brück, Gregor

(183 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Heins; after Oct 12, 1485, Brück, Potsdam-Mittelmark – Feb 15, or more likely 20, 1557, Jena) studied in Wittenberg (1502), in Frankfurt/Oder (1506), and law in Wittenberg (1508). He was then a lawyer, alderman (1519) and court adviser. He obtained his Dr.iur. from Wittenberg in 1521. From 1521 to 1528, he was the chancellor of John the Const…

Dévai Biró, Mátyás

(173 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (c. 1500, Deva – 1545, Debrecen). After study in Krakow in 1523–1524, Dévai became a Franciscan in 1526. He went to Wittenberg in 1529. In 1531, he preached Reformation principles in Hungary, but was immediately imprisoned in Vienna and Buda until 1535. Thereafter, he continued to preach from village to village. In 1536/37 and 1542/43, he stayed in Germany, mainly in …

Timan, Johannes

(160 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (before 1500, Amsterdam – Feb 17, 1557, Nienburg an der Weser), OESA. A prior in Antwerp, Timan fled to Wittenberg in 1522; in 1524 through the good offices of Henry of Zutphen he came to Bremen, where he became pastor of Sankt Martini and along with Jakob Propst (died 1562) introduced the Reformation; his initial sermons in the ¶ cathedral met resistance. In 1534 he introduced a church order modeled on J. Bugenhagen’s order for Brunswick. In 1529 he was called to Emden, where he composed a church order for Eastern Friesland. In 1538 he c…

Aurifaber, (Goldschmidt) Vinariensis, Johannes

(146 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1519, Weimar – Nov 18, 1575, Erfurt) entered the University of Wittenberg in 1537. In 1544/1545 he served as a military chaplain in France. In 1545/46 he became Luther's assistant. In 1546/47 he became military chaplain to John Frederick the Magnanimous. In 1547 he became a preacher at the Weimar court, becoming the second court preacher …

Hessus, Helius Eobanus

(265 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Jan 6, 1488, Halgehausen near Korbach – Oct 4, 1540, Marburg). Beginning study in Erfurt in 1504 and soon becoming a member of the circle surrounding K.Muth, Hessus began to publish Latin poems in 1506 with great success. He was secretary to the bishop in Riesenburg 1509–1513. From there, he became acquainted with Cracow in 1512. Via ¶ Frankfurt an der Oder and Leipzig, he returned to Erfurt in 1514. Having married in 1515 and now the celebrated center of a circle of humanists, he became professor of Latin composition in 1517. In 1518, …

Cordatus, Conrad

(217 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1480 or 1483, Leombach near Wels – Mar 25, 1546, while traveling near Spandau) began his studies in 1502 in Vienna, Rome and Ferrara (Lic. theol.). In Bohemia he came into contact with Hussites (J. Hus). In Hungary he supported the Reformation in his preaching, had to step down and came to Wittenberg in 1524. In 1525 he returned and was incarcerated in Esztergom (Gran). He managed to escape. Luther helped him to a teaching position in Liegnitz i…

Myconius, Friedrich

(298 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Dec 26, 1490, Lichtenfels am Main – Apr 7, 1546, Gotha). He was educated in Lichtenfels and from 1504 in Annaberg, where in 1510 he entered the Franciscan monastery. He was transferred to Leipzig and in 1512 to Weimar, where in 1516 he was ordained priest, and soon after appointed a preaching ministry. In 1522, he was imprisoned as a follower of Luther and brought to Annaberg via Eisenach and Leipzig. In March 1524, he escaped. Myconius became a preacher at the leprosy hospital i…

Amerbach, Veit

(147 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Trolmann) (1503, Wemding – Sep 13, 1557, Ingolstadt). Amerbach studied at Ingolstadt in 1517, Freiburg in 1521, and Wittenberg in 1522. In 1526, he began teaching in Eisleben under J. Agricola. In 1529, he received his Master's degree and married. In 1530, he began teaching rhetoric and physics at Wittenberg, and in 1541 became a member of the consistory. After several years of criticizing Melanchthon and Luther philosophically and theologically, he became professor of rhetoric at Ingolstadt in 1543. In 1542, he published De anima, an attack on Melanchthon's …

Lang, Johann

(213 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1486/1488, Erfurt – Apr 2, 1548, Erfurt). From 1500, Lang studied in his home town ¶ (B.A. 1503), where he joined the Augustinian Hermits in 1505/1506 and was ordained priest in 1508. With like-minded Luther, he was transferred to Wittenberg in 1551 (M.A. 1512, Bacc. biblicus 1515). From 1512 to 1516, he was professor of ethics. Having been recalled to Erfurt in 1516, Lang became prior and continued his studies of theology (Bacc. sententiarus 1516, Lic. theol. 1517, Dr. theol. 1519). He belonged…

Billicanus Gerlacher, Theobald

(187 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (1490/1495, Billigheim – Aug 8/9, 1554, Marburg). In 1510 Billicanus began his studies at Heidelberg (forming a friendship with Melanchthon), and became a priest in Weil in 1518. He was expelled from the town because of his criticism of the church and served as a Luther-influenced preacher from 1522 to 1535 in Nördlingen, where in 1525 he authored a Kirchenordnung (document on church order), by which time he was married. At the Augsburg Parliament, he made approaches to the Roman par…

Crato von Crafftheim

(201 words)

Author(s): Scheible, Heinz
[German Version] (Johannes Kraft; Nov 20, 1519, Breslau – Oct 19, 1585, Breslau) came to Wittenberg to study in 1535 and lived with Luther for six years, though he did not participate in the transmission of the table-talks. From 1543 he studied medicine in Leipzig, and in 1546 in Padua and Bologna (1549 Dr.med.). In 1550 he became city physician in Breslau and served in the fight against the plague. As a supporter of Melanchthon in his doctrine of the Eucharist (…
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