[German version] Expression describing an educational measure, as can be inferred from the meaning of the word (
castum agere, ‘to make pure’). The person carrying out the punishment is often excluded from liability for the consequences of
castigatio upon the punished: thus the master punishing his apprentice (e.g. Dig. 9,2,5,3). The same goes for the
paterfamilias with regard to his children and the master to his slaves (Dig. 7,1,23,1; 48,19,16,2).
Castigatio as a policing or juridical measure is partly linked to such private authority-based relationships: by the …