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(547 words)

Author(s): Schröder, Tilman Matthias
[German Version] (Ger. Kurfürst, from MHG kür, kur, etc. “choice”), is the title of those spiritual and secular imperial princes who were entitled to elect the Roman-German king of the Holy Roman Empire. Scholars do not agree as to the origins of their selection. The king was supposed to be elected on Frankish soil, which at least explains the priority, discernible c. 1200, given to the Frankish princes in royal elections, namely to the archbishops of Mainz, Cologne, and Trier, and the count palatine o…

Lachmann, Johann

(168 words)

Author(s): Schröder, Tilman Matthias
[German Version] (1491, Heilbronn – 1538/1539, Heilbronn ) was the son of a bell founder. He gained his M.A. in Heidelberg in 1508 before studying law. In 1514, he became pastoral administrator in Heilbronn, ¶ where in 1521 he received the Dr.iur.utr. and took up a pastoral position. From 1524, Lachmann taught Reformation principles. He was a moderating influence during the Peasants' War, mediating between the council and the peasants. Later, he also strove for peaceful solutions with regard to the Anabaptists. In 1525, Lachmann signed the Syngramma Suevicum (J. Brenz). In subseque…