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Göttler, Joseph

(251 words)

Author(s): Simon, Werner
[German Version] (Mar 9, 1874, Dachau – Oct 1, 1935, Munich) was a Catholic religious educationalist. In 1909, he became professor of dogmatics at Freising, in 1911 professor of education and catechetics at Munich and editor-in-chief of Katechetische Blätter (1909–1930); he was a leading proponent of the catechetical reform movement (Munich Method). Göttler founded the approach to a scientifically-based theory of Catholic religious education. He conceived of catechetics as “religious and moral education,” i.e. as an overall theory o…

Bosco, Don Giovanni

(173 words)

Author(s): Simon, Werner
[German Version] (Aug 16, 1815, Becchi, Piedmont – Jan 31, 1888, Turin) was an ¶ educational pioneer with a special ministry to young people. Confronted with the initial consequences of industrialization (juvenile delinquency), in 1846 he founded an oratorium (home for boys) in Turin-Valdocco. There followed a worldwide network of social institutions to help young people (homes and schools). He was the (co-) founder of the Salesians (1859) and Sisters of Don Bosco (1872). For Bosco, education takes place in the integrated environment of a f…

Willmann, Otto

(176 words)

Author(s): Simon, Werner
[German Version] (Apr 24, 1839, Lissa [Leszno] –Jul 1, 1920, Leitmeritz), Catholic educator and philosopher. In 1863 he began working with T. Ziller in Leipzig; in 1868 he became a lecturer at the Vienna Pedagogium. From 1872 to 1903 he taught as professor of philosophy and educational theory at the German University in Prague. Willmann anchored the educational theory developed by J.F. Herbart in a philosophically and theologically grounded “ideal worldview” as well as comparative and historical s…

Religious Educational Theory

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Nipkow, Karl Ernst | Simon, Werner
Religious educational theory can conveniently be divided into two parts, Protestant and Roman Catholic. Although nothing at the theoretical level makes this distinction necessary, it is helpful because of the markedly different settings of these two streams of Christianity. 1. Protestant The Protestant Reformation, because of its effect of producing difference and diversity within Christianity, created a new context for religious education. As a result, religious education became a focus of theoretical discussion. ¶ The concept of religious education embraces primaril…


(143 words)

Author(s): Simon, Werner
[English Version] Willmann, Otto (24.4.1839 Lissa – 1.7.1920 Leitmeritz). Kath. Pädagoge und Philosoph. Seit 1863 Mitarbeiter T. Zillers in Leipzig, 1868 Dozent am Wiener Pädagogium, 1872–1903 Prof. der Philos. und Päd. in Prag. W. verankerte die von J.F. Herbart entfaltete Bildungslehre zum einen in einer philos. und theol. fundierten »idealen Weltanschauung«, zum anderen in einer hist.-vergleichenden Sozialforschung. Dabei betonte er neben der subjektiven die objektive Seite (Überlieferung der Ku…