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Livia

(919 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] [1] From c. 104 BC spouse of Q. Servilius Caepio, later married to M. Porcius Cato Daughter of M. Livius [I 6] Drusus and Cornelia; sister of M. Livius [I 7] Drusus, from c. 104 BC spouse of Q. Servilius Caepio and mother of Servilia (later mother of M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus); divorced after the quarrel of her husband with her brother. Issue from her second marriage (about 98) with M. Porcius Cato was M. Porcius Cato Uticensis and a daughter. She died about 92 (Plut. Cato min. 1,1; Val. Max. 3,1,2) Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) Bibliography Drumann/Groebe, vol. 4, 19-20 Münzer 1, 295f. …

Clodia

(418 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Sister of Clodius [4], wife of Q. Caeciliu…

Messalina

(727 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eder, Walter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Statilia M. Third wife of Nero Born between AD 30 and 40, daughter of T. Statilius Taurus ( cos. 44), married her fourth husband M. Atticus Vestinus (= M. Iulius [II 147] Vestinus Atticus, cos. 65) in 63/4. In 65, emperor Nero forced Vestinus to commit suicide so that he could take M. as his (third) wife in 66 (Tac. Ann. 15,68,3; Suet. Nero 35,1; IG IV 1402 and IV2 604: M. as Nero's wife). In the same year, she was installed as Augusta. As a widow, she was courted by Otho in 69 (Suet. Otho 10,2). M., who was deified …

Iulia

(3,365 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Robbins, Emmet (Toronto)
[German version] [1] Aunt of C. Iulius Caesar, wife of C. Marius, 2nd/1st cent. BC Paternal aunt of C. Iulius  Caesar; between 115 and 109 BC, she married C. Marius, with whom she had a son named C. Marius ( cos. 82; Plut. Marius 6,3; Plut. Caesar 1,1; Sall. Hist. 1,35 Maur). There is almost no information regarding I.'s life. On the occasion of her death in 68, Caesar held a large funeral ceremony (Suet. Iul. 6,1; Plut. Caesar 5,1). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [German version] [2] Daughter of L. Iunius [I 5] Caesar, mother of triumvir M. Antonius Daughter of L. Iulius [I 5] Caesar and Fulvia (daughter of M. Fulvius Flaccus). From her first marriage to M. Antonius [I 8] Creticus, she had three sons, including the lat…

Livilla

(339 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Hanslik, Rudolf (Vienna)
[German version] [1] Livia Iulia Livilla in Suet. Tib. 62,1; Claud. 1,6; 3,2. Daughter of Nero Claudius [II 24] Drusus and Antonia [4] Minor. Her grandmother Livia [2] took her into her house after 9 BC. In 1 BC she was married to C. Iulius [II 32] Caesar (Zon. 10,36), after his deat…

Atia

(227 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] [1] Mother of Augustus, niece of Caesar Daughter of M. Attius Balbus of Aricia and Iulia, Caesar's sister. Her marriage to C. Octavius produced two children, Octavia minor and in the year 63 BC C. Octavius, the later Augustus (Suet. Aug. 4,1). After the death of her husband in 59/8 she married L. Marciu…

Antonia

(772 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Hanslik, Rudolf (Vienna) | Schwemer, Anna Maria (Tübingen)
[German version] [1] First spouse of M.  Antonius [I 9] Daughter of C. Antonius Hybrida, cousin and spouse of M.  Antonius [I 9], who divorced her in 47 BC under the pretext of adultery with P. Cornelius Dolabella (Cic. Phil. 2,99; Plut. Ant. 9,1-2). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [German version] …

Cleopatra

(4,237 words)

Author(s): Prescendi, Francesca (Geneva) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Et al.
(Κλεοπάτρα; Kleopátra, Lat. Cleopatra). I. Mythology [German version] [I 1] Daughter of Boreas and Oreithyia Daughter of  Boreas and  Oreithyia, first wife of  Phineus. C. was rejected in favour of  Idaea [3], whom Phineus married as his second wife; her sons were blinded (Apollod. 3.200; Hyg. Fab. 18). Prescendi, Francesca (Geneva) [German version] [I 2] Daughter of Idas and Marpessa …

Amalasuntha

(392 words)

Author(s): Lippold, A. (0) | Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] Amalaswintha, daughter of  Theoderic the Gr.; her father provided A. with a good education (cf. Cassiod. Var. 11,1,6 f.) and…

Pompeia

(437 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Granddaughter of Sulla, second wife of Casesar Granddaughter of Cornelius [I 90] Sulla, sister of Q. Pompeius [I 6] Rufus. From 67 BC onwards, the second wife of Caesar (Plut. Caesar 5). Within the context of the Bona Dea scandal, Caesar separated from her in 62, alleging that he suspected P. of infidelity (Cic. Att. 1,13,3; Plut. Caesar 10,8-9; Plut. Cicero 29,9; Suet. Iul. 6,3; 74,2; Cass. Dio 37,45,2). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [German version] [2] Daughter of Pompeius Magnus Daughter of Pompeius [I 3] Magnus and Mucia Tertia, engaged to be married to …

Mucia Tertia

(193 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] Daughter of Q. Mucius [I 9] Scaevola, a close relative of Q. Caecilius [I 22] Metellus Celer and Q. Caecilius [I 29] Metellus Nepos. From 80/79 BC the third wife of Cn.Pompeius, with whom she had three children: Gnaeus, Sextus and Pompeia (Ascon. p. 19f. Clark). Pompey divorced M. late in 62, purportedly for her extra-marital affairs, specifically with Caesar (Plut. Pompeius 42,13; Suet. Iul. 50,1; Zon. 10,5), but probably for political reasons, on his return from the east (Cass. …

Aspasia

(395 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[German version] A highly educated woman from Miletus known for her persuasive powers, who probably came to Athens early in the 440s; the wife of  Pericles, with whom she had a son also named Pericles. After Pericles' death in 429 she consorted with the livestock trader  Lysicles (Plut. Pericles 24,2-6; Schol. Pl. Menex. 235e, Harpocr. s.v. Aspasia; Suda. s.v. A.). The date of her death (in Athens?) is unknown, biographical data is sparse. Her contact to the intellectual greats of the age (Plut. Pericles 24,2; 5-7; Suda s.v. A.; Harpocr. s.v. A.) was filled in by the Socratic tradition […

Fulvia

(912 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Alleged mistress of Catilinarian Q. Curius From a noble family, friend and alleged mistress (perhaps because of defamatory accounts) of Catilinarian Q. Curius [3]. She informed Cicero of the conspiracy (Sall. Catil. 23,3-4; 26,3; 28,2). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [German version] [2] Wife of Clodius Pulcher, then of C. Sempronius Curio ans finally of M. Antonius Daughter of M.  Fulvius [I 1] Bambalio and Sempronia, date of birth unknown, married until 52 BC to  Clodius [I 4] Pulcher, until 49 to C.  Scribonius Curio and then to Marcus…

Atia

(217 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[English version] [1] Mutter des Augustus, Nichte Caesars Tochter des M. Attius Balbus aus Aricia und der Iulia, der Schwester Caesars. Aus ihrer Ehe mit C. Octavius gingen zwei Kinder hervor, Octavia minor und im J. 63 v.Chr. C. Octavius, der spätere Augustus (Suet. Aug. 4,1). Nach dem Tode ihres Ehemannes im J. 59/8 heiratete A.L.Marcius Philippus. Sie starb im J. 43/42, von Octavian mit einer öffentlichen Bestattung geehrt (Suet. Aug. 61,2; Cass. Dio 47,17,6). Tacitus (dial. 28,5) lobt A. wegen der hingebungsvollen Erziehung ihres Sohnes als Beispiel für den mos maiorum. Beim Kampf…

Messalina

(641 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eder, Walter (Bochum)
[English version] [1] Statilia M. Dritte Frau des Nero Geboren zw. 30 und 40 n.Chr., Tochter des T. Statilius Taurus ( cos. 44), seit 63/4 in vierter Ehe mit M. Atticus Vestinus ( cos. 65) verheiratet. Im J. 65 zwang Kaiser Nero Vestinus zum Selbstmord, um 66 M. als (dritte) Frau nehmen zu können (Tac. ann. 15,68,3; Suet. Nero 35,1; IG IV 1402 und IV2 604: M. als Gattin Neros); im selben Jahr wurde sie zur Augusta erhoben. Um die Witwe M. warb 69 Otho (Suet. Otho 10,2). M., zu Lebzeiten vergöttlicht (dazu die Arvalakten vom J. 66, CIL VI 2044c), starb nach 69. Zu den Eh…

Clodia

(411 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn)
[English version] [1] Schwester des Clodius [I 4], Frau des Q. Caecilius [I 22] Metellus Celer Geb. um 94 v.Chr., Tochter des Ap. Claudius [I 23], Schwester des P. Clodius [I 4] Pulcher, verheiratet mit Q. Caecilius [I 22] Metellus Celer. Im Urteil der meisten ant. (Plut. Cic. 29,2,-4; Quint. 6,3,25; 8,6,53; Schol. Bob. 135-6 Stangl) und modernen Autoren [1. 53-56] ist C. eine aus vornehmem Hause stammende, attraktive, aber “sittenlose” Lebedame [2], was sich z.T. auf die plausible Identifizierung C.s mit Lesb…

Cornelia

(863 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] »Mutter der Gracchen« Jüngere Tochter des P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus und der Aemilia Tertia, * um 190 v.Chr.; ca. 176/5 heiratete sie Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus. Von ihren 12 Kindern überlebten nur drei, Tiberius, Gaius und Sempronia, die frühe Kindheit. Bekannt ist C. als ‘Mutter der Gracchen’ (CIL VI 31610), mit deren Politik sie schon in der Ant. in Verbindung gebracht wurde [1. 108-120; 127; 2. 48-89]. Die Quellen vermitteln in teils popularer, teils optimatischer Tradition ein uneinh…

Antonia

(738 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln) | Hanslik, Rudolf (Wien) | Schwemer, Anna Maria (Tübingen)
[English version] [1] Erste Frau des M. Antonius [I 9] Tochter des C. Antonius Hybrida, Cousine und Gattin des M. Antonius [I 9], der sich um 47 v. Chr. unter dem Vorwand des Ehebruchs mit P. Cornelius Dolabella von ihr scheiden ließ (Cic. Phil. 2,99; Plut. Ant. 9,1-2). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [English version] [2] Tochter des M. Antonius [I 9], Frau des Pythodoros von Tralleis Tochter der A. [1] und des M. Antonius [I 9],  zw. 54 und 49 v. Chr. Bereits 44 mit dem Sohn des Triumvirn Aemilius Lepidus verlobt, verheiratete sie ihr Vater nach Auflösung dieser…
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