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Temenium

(68 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Τημένιον; Tēménion). Coastal town about 6 km

Scillus

(208 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Σκιλλοῦς/ Skilloûs). Town, settled from as early as the Mycenaean period, in Triphylia to the south of Olympia and possibly to the west of modern Makrisia on the Agios Elias (not at modern Skilluntia, where there are remains probably of the Temple of Athena Skilluntia of Phellon: Str. 8,3,14). Being allied with Pisa (Pisatis) (Paus. 5,6,4; 6,22,4), S. is said to have built the temple of Hera in Olympia (Paus. 5,16,1). After S. had been destroyed by Elis in about 570 BC (Paus. 5,6,4), it was rebuilt in about 400 by the Spartans; they assigned S. as a residence to Xenophon, who had been banished from Athens; he built a temple there to Artemis of Ephesus (Xen. An. 5,3,7-13; Paus. 5,6,5; Diog. Laert. 2,52). After 371 the polis, which had been autonomous since 386 (Xen. Hell. 6,5,2), came under the sway of Elis again. Xenophon's grave was still in S., which had probably been abandoned since the Hellenistic per…

Theisoa

(183 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
(Θεισόα/ Theisóa). [German version] [1] City in Arcadia City in Arcadia (Arcadians; Paus. 8,27,7: 'near Orchomenus'), at modern Karkalou Mill (1050 m elevation). Remains survive of the acropolis fortifications, the city wall, an Hellenistic sanctuary (IG V 2, 511) and houses. Initially part of Orchomenus [3], in 368 BC T. was i…

Teuthis

(93 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Τεῦθις; Teûthis). City in Arcadia) on the Lusius with sanctuaries to Athena, Artemis and Aphrodite (Paus. 8,28,4-6), at modern Dimitsana. Settled from the Bronze Age, T. originally belonged to Orchomenus [3] (Paus. 8,27,4) and in 368/7 BC was added to Megalopolis and minted, occasionally independently, as a member of the Achaean League (Achaeans, Achaea [1]) its own copper coinage. Tausend, Sabine Bibliography S. Hornblower, When was Megalopolis founded?, in: ABSA 85, 1990, 71-77  R. Hope Simpson, Mycenaean Greece, 1981, 88  H. Chantraine, Der Beginn der j…

Spiraeum

(121 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Σπείραιον/ Speíraion). Promontory (Plin. HN 4,18; Ptol. 3,16,12) or bay (Thuc. 8,10,3, emendation) in northeastern Argolis on the border to Corinth, usually identified with modern Akrotiri Spiri or the Bay of Frangolimano; topographical considerations, however, suggest rather Akrotiri Trachili or the Bay of Korfos. Also, remains of a Late Classical watchtower above the bay indicate the border line. It was there that a Peloponnesian fleet was surrounded by the Athenians in 412 BC (Thuc. loc.cit.; Peloponnesian War). The bay played a role in a border dis…

Thornax

(133 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
(Θόρναξ; Thórnax). [German version] [1] Mountain in the west of Pron Mountain in the west of Pron, the city mountain of Hermion(e) with an archaic period sanctuary to Zeus Kokkygios and a Hellenistic one to Apollo (Paus. 2,36,1 f.). Zeus is supposed to have married Hera as a cuckoo there. Tausend, Sabine Bibliography N. Faraklas, Ancient Greek Cities 19, 1973, app. 2, 3. [German version] [2] Town near Sparta Town near Sparta on the eastern bank of the Eurotas, possibly on the modern Kokkinorachi with finds dating back to the Mycenaean period. There was a sanctu…

Thuria

(267 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta | Achaeans, Achaea | Education / Culture (Θουρία/ Thouría). Perioikoi

Thyamia

(56 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Θυαμία; Thyamía). Fortress of Sicyon on its border with Phleius across the modern Stimanga, in 367 BC lost by Sicyon to Phleius, regained in the subsequent peace treaty (Xen. Hell. 7,2,1; 7,4,1). Tausend, Sabine Bibliography A. Griffin, Sikyon, 1982, 27; 73 f.  N. Faraklas, Ancient Greek Cities 8, 1971, app. 2, 4; 17  Pritchett 2, 107.

Thalamae

(178 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
(Θαλάμαι/ Thalámai). [German version] [1] Messenian perioikos community This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta | Achaeans, Achaea | Oracles Messenian perioikos community (Perioikoi; Paus. 3,1,4; 3,26,3) on the outer Mani (Taygetus) at modern Svina to the east of Koutiphari. Traces of Neolithic and Mycenaean (Late Helladic III A-B) settlement and remains of an incubation oracle of Ino/Pasiphae (Pasiphae) mentioned in Paus. 3,26,1. At the time of Hadrianus the sanctuary (Plut. Kleomenes 7; Plut. Agesilaos …

Stymphalus

(407 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Achaeans, Achaea | Arcadians, Arcadia …

Thraestus

(62 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine

Zoeteium

(66 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Ζοίτειον; Zoíteion). City in Arcadia (Arcades) on the northern edge of the plain of Megale Polis at Tricoloni (Paus. 8,27,3: Zoítion; 8,35,6 f.: Zoitía; Steph. Byz. s. v. Zoíteion) with temples to Artemis and  Demeter, probably at modern Palamari or modern Zoni. Tausend, Sabine Bibliography N. D. Papachatzis, Παυσανίου Ἑλλάδος Περιήγησις 4, 1980, 325  A. Petronotes, He Megale Polis tes Arkadias (Ancient Greek Cities 23), 1973, map 4. …

Sphacteria

(120 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Σφακτηρία; Sphaktēría). Narrow rocky island of the Bay of Pylus [2] on the west coast of Messenia (Str. 8,3,21; Plin. HN 4,55; Ptol. 3,16,23: Σφαγία), in Spartan hands from the 7th cent. BC, modern Sphaktiría. In 425 BC, 292 Spartiatai were surrounded by the Athenians on S. and forced to capitulate (Thuc. 4,8; 16; 26-38; Str. 8,4,2; Pelopon…

Thrius

(52 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Θριοῦς; Thrioûs). City in Achaea (Achaei [1]; Plin.  HN 4,22) probably to the southwest of Patrae, precise location unknown. Subsequently part of Elis [2]  (Steph. Byz. s. v. Θ.). T. appears c. 120 BC in a votive inscription for Zeus of Olympia (SEG 15, 254, l. 2). Tausend, Sabine

Scyllaeum

(58 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Σκύλλαιον; Skýllaion). Promontory in the extreme east of Argolis between Hermione and Troezen (Str. 8,5,1; Paus. 2,39,7; Plin. HN 4,17; Ptol. 3,16,11: Σκύλαιον; Mela 2,49,50;  Thuc. 5,53), modern Cape Skyli. 3 km to the west at modern Phurkaria there is a Mycenaean and Hellenistic-Roman settlement. Tausend, Sabine Bibliography N. Pharaklas, Ancient Greek Cities, vol.. 10, 1972, app. 2, 2.

Titane

(84 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Τιτάνη; Titánē). Town in the area of Sicyon in the Peloponnese, away from the road to Phleius on the western bank of the Asopus [3] at modern T., with sanctuaries to Athena, Asclepius and Hygieia (Paus. 2,11,3-12,1). Apart from a Hellenistic fortress, remains of an Asklepieion (inscriptions IG IV 436) can be seen at the church of Agios Tryphon.…

Torthyneum

(93 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Τορθύνειον; Torthýneion). Town in central Arcadia (Plin. HN 4,22; inscr.: [2]), to the southeast or south bordering Orchomenus [3] and Methydrium [1], recently identified with…

Triphylia

(559 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] (Τριφυλία /Triphylía). Territory in the western Peloponnesus, north of the Alpheius [1]; south of the Neda, bounded on the east by the highlands of Arcadia (Arcadians, Arcadia). The fertile hill country, crossed by rivers, with its flat, bayless coast, is divided by the mountain range, today again known as Lapithus, stretching from west to east. The southern part with the Minthe [1] is characterized by extensive sand dunes (cf. 'sandy Pylos' in Hom. Il. 2,77), while there are numer…

Thelphusa

(161 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Achaeans, Achaea | Arcadians, Arcadia (Θέλφουσα/ Thélphousa). City in Arcadia (Arcadians) on the left bank of the Ladon [2] at modern T. on the road from Psophis to Heraea (Paus. 8,25,1-11; Hierocles Synekdemos 647,6). Remains survive of the city wall and the agora (colonnade, temple). T. was autonomous in the Archaic and Classical periods, and c. 235 BC a member of the Achaean League (Achaeans; Pol. 2,54,12). Stratus, the fortress in the west of the city, was occupied in the Social War [2] by the …

Typaneae

(92 words)

Author(s): Tausend, Sabine
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Education / Culture (Τυπανέαι/ Typanéai). City and fortress in Triphylia (Pol. 4,77,9-79,4; Str. 8,3,15; Ptol. 3,16,18: Τυμπανέαι/ Tympanéai) on a rock ridge of Mount Lapithus to the south of modern Platiana: an elongated site (Hellenistic walls, theatre), its western part forming the fortress. T. controlled a pass on the road from Megalopolis to Olympia. In the winter of 218/7 BC T. was occupied by the Aetoli and conquered by Philippus [7] V.…
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