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The Gospel of Truth, 53*, 1 – 54*, 28; 57*, 1 – 60*, 30 (TGOTh)

(2,697 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography: Malinine, et al., Evangelium Veritatis and [ Supplementum]; Facsimile Edition: Codex I, pl. 20-43; Facsimile Edition: Introduction, pl. 23*/24*. The fragments of the Sahidic Gospel of Truth in Codex XII had not been distinguished from the other material in the codex in the inventories made by Doresse ( Secret Books, 142-45), Krause (“Der koptische Handschriftenfund,” 121-31), and Robinson (“The Coptic Gnostic Library Today,” 383-401). First mention of the fragments was made in “The Coptic Gnostic Library,” 85. No title of the tractate has been preserved with…

Appendix 4: Irenaeus and Theodoret, Latin, Greek, English (A4IATLGE)

(2,205 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 1.29.Translation Text following, with some modifications, Adelin Rousseau and Louis Doutrelau, S.J., Irénéé de Lyons, Contre les Hérésies (2 vols.; SC 263-264; Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1979) SC 264, 358-64. (1) Super hos autem ex his qui praedicti sunt Simoniani (1) Besides the Simonians already mentioned,2 multitudo Gnosticorum Barbelo a multitude of Gnostics (named after) Barbelo4 exsurrexit et uelut a terra fungi manifestati sunt,have sprung up and shot out of the ground like mushrooms.6 quorum principales apud eos sententias ennarramus. We will descri…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [69–83] (SOTAOJ_5)

(9,800 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 69 III 33,12—34,3TranslationBG 65,15—66,17TranslationII 25,31—26,10TranslationIV 40,6-24Translationⲭⲱ13[ⲣⲓⲥ ⲫⲑⲟⲛⲟⲥ ϩ]ⲓ̣ ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ 13 without (χωρίς) jealousy (φθόνος) or desire (ἐπιθυμία) ϩⲓ̈  ϩⲟⲧⲉ ϩⲓ̈  16ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁor fear, or16 desire (ἐπιθυμία).<ϩ>ⲓ ⲫⲑⲟ32ⲛⲟⲥ ϩⲓ ⲉⲡⲓⲑⲩⲙⲓⲁ6 or jealousy (φθόνος) 32 or desire (ἐπιθυμία) ϩ͡ⲓ ⲫⲑⲟⲛⲟⲥ 7ϩ͡ⲓ ⲉⲡⲓⲑ̣[ⲩ]ⲙⲓⲁ·2ϩⲓ ⲡⲗⲏⲥⲙⲟ14[ⲛⲏor gratification (πλησμονή)ϩⲓ̈  ⲥⲓor gratification.ⲁⲩⲱ ⲧⲙ̅ⲛ̅ⲧⲁⲧⲥⲓ ⲛ̅ⲧⲉ 33ⲡⲧⲏⲣϥand greed of 33 anything.ⲁⲩ[ⲱ ⲧ]ⲙ̣̅ⲛ̅ⲧ̕ⲁⲧⲥⲓ ⲛ̅8ⲧⲉ ⲡⲧⲏ[ⲣϥ]ϩⲛ ⲛⲁ]ⲉⲓ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲉⲛⲥⲉⲁⲙⲁϩⲧⲉ 15[ⲙⲙⲟⲟⲩ ⲁⲛ 14 [By] all these …

The Content (TC)

(5,957 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
The so-called Gospel of the Egyptians is a typical work of mythological Gnosticism. In spite of the basic work of Hans Jonas,1 writings of this kind still do not receive their due appreciation. They too have a situation in life ( Sitz im Leben) — indeed, a situation in intellectual life. To view ourselves only as the heirs of the classical period of Greek philosophy, to devaluate other ancient ways of thought, and to discard what is different is too easy a solution. It is not the task of a historian to become a Gnostic himself, but he m…

Appendix 2: Numerical Scheme of Yaldabaoth’s World (A2NSOYW)

(383 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  III and BG: Synopsis 26,16–27,9Translation TranslationII: Synopsis 26,16-18; 30,9-12Translation Translationⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲙ̅ⲛⲧⲁⲧⲥⲟⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲧ̅ⲛⲉⲙⲁϥHe copulated with Ignorance, who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲛⲟⲩϩ̅ⲃ ⲙ̅ⲛ ⲧⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ ⲉⲧⲛⲙ̅ⲙⲁϥAnd he copulated with Arrogance (ἀπόνοια), who is with him,ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥⲧⲱⲙⲧ⸌ ϩⲛ̅ ⲧⲉϥ⸌ⲁⲡⲟⲛⲟⲓⲁ 27ⲧⲁⲓ̈ ⲉⲧϣⲟⲟⲡ⸌ ϩⲣⲁⲓ̈And he was amazed in his arrogance (ἀπόνοια), which is in him,2ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅ⲛⲉⲝⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁⲣⲟϥand begot the authorities (ἐξουσία) who are under him,ⲛ̅ϩⲏⲧϥ⸌ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥϫⲡⲟ ⲛ̅28ϩⲉⲛ…

Appendix 6: Bala’izah Fragment 52 (A6BF52)

(656 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
The following fragment resembles the Apocryphon of John in several respects. Jesus interprets selected passages of Genesis in dialogue with John; the phrase, “seal the five powers” resembles, “I sealed him in the light of the water with five seals” ( Apocryphon of John II 31,23-24) etc. Text and translation following Paul E. Kahle, Bala’izah: Coptic Texts from Deir El-Bala’izah in Upper Egypt (2 vols.; Oxford: Oxford University, 1954) 1.473-477. Fragment firstpublished by W. E. Cram, “A Gnostic Fragment,” JThS 44 (1943) 176-179. One complete parchment leaf with pagination ⲙ̅ⲁ̅=41 (i…

Synopsis of the Apocryphon of John [18–34] (SOTAOJ_2)

(10,951 words)

Contributor(s): Waldstein, Michael | Wisse, Frederik
  Synopsis 18 III 11,3-16TranslationBG 32,3-21TranslationII 7,15-32TranslationIV 11,6 - 2,4 Translation 3ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛ̣̅[ϭⲓ] ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛ̅ⲁϩⲟⲣⲁⲧⲟⲛ 4ⲙ̅ⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ 3And the mighty invisible (ἀόρατον) Spirit (πνεῦμα) completedⲁ̣ϥ̣[ϫⲱⲕ] 4ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲓ̈ⲧⲟⲧϥ ⲙⲡⲉⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ3 And4 he completed by the Spirit (πνεῦμα) ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ⸌ 16ⲉⲃⲟⲗ⸌ ⲛ̅ϭⲓ ⲡⲉⲡ̅ⲛ ̅ⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃAnd the holy 16 Spirit (πνεῦμα) completed 6ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ ⲉⲃ]ⲟⲗ [ⲛϭⲓ ⲡⲉⲡⲛⲁ 7ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ8 Irenaeus 2<ⲙ> ⲡⲁⲩⲧⲟ[ⲅⲉⲛ]ⲏ̣ⲥ ⲛ̅ⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ 4 the divine Self-Generated (αὐτογενής),ⲙⲡⲁ̣[ⲛϯ] 5ⲛⲁⲩⲧⲟⲅⲉⲛⲏⲥ ⲛϣⲁ ⲉⲛⲉϩ 5 the eternal divine Self-Generated (αὐτογενής),         ⲙ̅…

The title (TT)

(2,436 words)

Contributor(s): Böhlig, Alexander | Wisse, Frederik
Ever since Jean Doresse’s brief description of III, 2 in “Trois livres gnostiques inédits: Évangile des Égyptiens, Épître d’Eugnoste, Sagesse de Jésus Christ”1 the tractate has been known as “The Gospel of the Egyptians”. This is the name given to the tractate at the beginning of the scribal colophon in III 69, 6. The formal title of the tractate as stated at the end of the colophon III 69, 16-17 and again, with the usual decorations, directly below the colophon (III 69, 18-20) reads ⲧⲃⲓⲃⲗⲟⲥ ⲧϩⲓⲉⲣⲁ ⲙ̅ⲡⲛⲟϭ ⲛ̅ⲁϩⲟⲣⲁⲧⲟⲛ ⲙ̅ⲡⲛⲉⲩⲙⲁ (69, 17 ⲡ̅ⲛ̅ⲁ) ϩⲁⲙⲏⲛ.2 The title “The Holy Book of the Great…

The Concept of Our Great PowerVI,4:36,1–48,15 (TCOOGP)

(6,754 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik | Williams, Francis E.
Böhlig-Labib., Gnostische und hermetische Schriften . Pp. 48-52, 150-65. K. M. Fischer, ‛Der Gedanke unserer grossen Kraft (Noema): Die vierte Schrift aus Nag-Hammadi Codex VI’ , ThLZ 98 ( 1973 ) , 170-75. Tröger (ed.), Gnosis und NT . Pp. 50-52. This tractate is titled both in superscription and subscription. The initial title seems to be an expansion of the latter, intended to explain it, and may well be the work of another writer. “Our great Power” is the document’s Supreme Being, he who is “above all powers” (47,33-34). His “though…

Introduction to Codex XII (intro_V_XXVIII_codex_XII)

(1,893 words)

Author(s): Wisse, Frederik
Bibliography: Krause, “Zum koptischen Handschriftenfund,” 111-13; Krause-Labib, Gnostische und hermetische Schriften, 10-12; Facsimile Edition: Codices XI, XII, XIII, pp. XIII-XV; pl. 85-102. Codex XII was part of one of the groups of codices acquired by the antiquities dealer Phocion J. Tano during 1946-48. It was put in safekeeping at the Department of Antiquities in 1949, transferred to the Coptic Museum on 9 June 1952, declared national property by court action in 1956, and given the inventory number 10555 in 195…
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