Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)" )' returned 67 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Aristoxenus

(833 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Ἀριστόξενος; Aristóxenos). [German version] …

Kordax

(90 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] (κόρδαξ; kórdax). Typical comedy dance (κωμικὴ ὄρχησις; kōmikḕ orchēsis; the word kordax appears first in Aristoph. Nub. 540). Usually connected with drunkenness, the kordax was a boisterous, burlesque, and rude dance. It was never described in detail, thus it cannot be identified clearly on vase paintings. The kordax also occurred outside of the theatre as a hyporchematic dance (Ath. 14,630e) or as a solo dance with instrumental accompaniment during banquets (Lucian Icaromenippus 27). Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) Bibliography K. Latte, De saltationibus Graeco…

Calcidius

(247 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Hadot, Pierre (Limours)
[German version] (not Chalcidius). Christian philosopher; his dates are disputed: he either lived from the second half of the 3rd to the first half of the 4th cent. AD [1] or from the first half to the middle of 4th cent. [2]. Assigning his commentary on Plato's Timaeus to a particular school of thought (for Middle Platonism see [1] or Neoplatonism, see [2; 3; 4; 5]), is further complicated by the fact that important tenets, like those on providence and fatum, have basically remained unchanged from Middle Platonism to the end of Neoplatonism [6]. C.'s Timaeus commentary is also the first …

Eratosthenes

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Tosi, Renzo (Bologna) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἐρατοσθένης; Eratosthénēs). [German version] [1] Athenian, active in the Peloponnesian War An Athenian of rich family. In 411 BC he was serving as a trierarch in the Hellespont, but left his ship in order to support the oligarchs in Athens (Lys. 12,42). After the capitulation of Athens in the Peloponnesian War (404 BC), E. belonged to an action group ─ the five ephors ─ working for an oligarchic coup. After the abolition of the democratic order, E. was on the ruling committee of the Thirty, and after its …

Metre

(8,752 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Leonhardt, Jürgen (Marburg/Lahn) | Hecker, Karl (Münster) | Quack, Joachim (Berlin) | Podella, Thomas (Lübeck) | Et al.
[German version] I. Preliminary remark Originally sung poetry, often accompanied by dance, metric literature was obviously subject to other formative conditions than poetry intended from the outset for spoken presentation or for reading. Texts of such kinds still show traces of their earlier sound form ( Music). Accordingly the form ranged from simple ‘melodic lines of sound’, as can be presumed for the ancient Orient and Israel ( parallelismus membrorum, strophic poetry, sometimes with rhythmic accent order, congruence of form and language s…

Affects, Theory of (Musical)

(685 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] Although affects were themes in Classical philosophy and rhetoric, incidentally also in the ethical doctrine of music ( Music), there was no specific theory of musical affects. That melodies and rhythms affected different souls in different manners had been demonstrated by Boethius inst. mus. 1,1) as a transmitter of the idea (Pythagoras, Plato rep. 3,398-401). After the 11th cent., the attempt w…

Cassiodorus

(1,366 words)

Author(s): Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Life Flavius Magnus Aurelius C., a senator, born c. AD 490, came from a family of the senatorial aristocracy -- probably of Syrian origin (the name refers to the Syrian Zeus Kasios), but for generations settled in Scylacium (Squillace in Calabria) -- which was very influential in Bruttium and Sicily ( primatus: Cassiod. Var. 1,4,14) and carried out important political tasks (PLRE 2, 263f., C. 1 and 2). As a comes sacr. larg. of Odoacer, C.'s father (PLRE 2, 264f.) went over to Theoderic at the right time (AD 490), handed Sicily over to him without …

Chorus

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Concept Χορός ( Chorós), ‘Ring dance, troupe of dancers, dance floor, chorus of singers’ (‘original meaning not ascertainable with any certainty’ Frisk). Ring or group dance associated with singing; in the nar…

Gaudentius

(730 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Johne, Klaus-Peter (Berlin) | Uthemann, Karl-Heinz (Amsterdam) | Et al.
(Γαυδέντιος; Gaudéntios). [German version] [1] G. Philosophus Musician and philosopher Author of an introduction to harmony, Ἁρμονικὴ εἰσαγωγή ( Harmonikḕ eisagōgḗ) ─ probably written in line with Claudius Ptolemy's ─ translated into Latin by Cassiodorus' friend Mutianus (Cassiod. Inst. 2,5,142 Mynors). The incompletely preserved work (in 23 chapters) contains traditional teachings in a slightly modified form, especially from Aristoxenus and the Pythagoreans: voice, sound, interval, modes, composition (1-7), unison, concord, ratio (8-10), Pythagoras legend, experiment with 2 strings, 12-part canon, whole tone, major/minor semi-tone, and so on (11-17), fourths and fifths, 7 octave modes with names such as Dorian (18f.); o…

Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus

(2,318 words)

Author(s): Gruber, Joachim (Munich) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] A. Life Son of the consul for 487, B. was born around 480. After his father's early death he was adopted into the household of  Symmachus, whose daughter, Rusticiana, he married. Given an excellent education, he was as familiar with the writings of Plato, Aristotle and the Neoplatonists, especially Porphyry and the Athenian School, as with Augustine, and he soon acquired a reputation as a scholar. In 510 he became consul sine collega, and in 522 his two sons, not fully grown-up, obtained the consulate. Probably in the same year he became magister officiorum, but evidentl…

Rhythm

(992 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[German version] …

Musical instruments

(5,186 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Volk, Konrad (Tübingen) | Hickmann, Ellen (Hannover) | Seidel, Hans (Markkleeberg) | Zanoncelli, Luisa (Milan)
[German version] I. Preliminary remarks Musical instruments that have been preserved or graphically represented in a clear manner can easily be identified as such. Assigning them to their ancient names, however, and, conversely, assigning ancient names to particular instruments, is often either uncertain or impossible. Furthermore, one and the same musical instrument may have been called by different names. For these reasons, a systematic survey is in …

Boëthius, Anicius Manlius Severinus

(2,159 words)

Author(s): Gruber, Joachim (Erlangen) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] A. Leben B. wurde als Sohn des Konsuls von 487 um 480 geboren. Nach dem frühen Tod seines Vaters wurde er im Hause des Symmachus aufgenommen und heiratete dessen Tochter Rusticiana. Hervorragend gebildet und mit den Schriften Platons, des Aristoteles und der Neuplatoniker, bes. des Porphyrios und der athenischen Schule, ebenso vertraut wie mit Augustinus, erwirbt er sich bald einen Ruf als Gelehrter. 510 wird er consul sine collega, 522 erhalten seine beiden noch nicht erwachsenen Söhne das Konsulat. Vermutli…

Lampros

(66 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] (Λάμπρος). Musiker, von Aristoxenos [1] als Meister neben Pindar, Dionysios [39] von Theben und Pratinas gerühmt (Aristox. fr. 76 Wehrli). Auch als Musiklehrer angesehen, ähnlich wie Antiphon als Rhetoriklehrer (Plat. Mx. 236a). Daß er Lehrer des Sophokles in Tanz und Musik gewesen sein soll (Athen. 1,20e), ist mit dem Zeugnis des Komikers Phrynichos (Athen. 2,44d) zeitlich schwerlich zu vereinbaren. Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)

Dionysios

(10,308 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Et al.
(Διονύσιος). Bekannte Persönlichkeiten: der Tyrann von Syrakus D. [1] I.; der Historiker D. [18] von Halikarnassos. Dionysios (Monat) Monatsnamen. Die Chronik des Ps.-D. von Tell Maḥre s. D. [23]. I. Politisch aktive Persönlichkeiten [English version] [1] D.I. berüchtigter Tyrann in Syrakus um 400 v. Chr. von Syrakus, Sohn des Hermokritos, geb. um 430, gest. 367 v.Chr. Begründer der ‘größten und längsten Tyrannenherrschaft in der Geschichte’ (Diod. 13,96,4; Aussehen: Timaios FGrH 566 F 29). Im Besitz sophistischer Bildung (Cic. Tusc. 5,63), war D. von größtem Ehrgeiz…

Hyagnis

(53 words)

Author(s): Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)

Musik

(7,054 words)

Author(s): Volk, Konrad (Tübingen) | Hickmann, Ellen (Hannover) | Seidel, Hans (Markkleeberg) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
[English version] I. Alter Orient Die M. des Alten Orients spielte in allen Lebensbereichen eine bedeutende Rolle, ist aber v.a. für den höfischen und kultisch-rel. Bereich textlich wie ikonographisch bezeugt. Das “Musikertum” (sumerisch nam-nar, akkadisch nārūtu), schon zu Beginn des frühen 3. Jt.v.Chr. hochspezialisiert, zählte zu den Grundwerten der Zivilisation. Der jeweilige Anlaß bestimmte die musikal. Form (über 100 sumerische sowie über 50 babylonisch-assyrische Liedtypen) wie auch die Wahl und Anzahl der Musikinstrumente…
▲   Back to top   ▲