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Mishnah

(1,912 words)

Author(s): Zellentin, Holger M.
[German Version] I. Concept – II. Language – III. Content – IV. Structure – V. Formation – VI. Reception History – VII. Manuscripts and Printed Editions I. Concept Mishnah, Heb. מִשְׁנָה/ mishnah, the first authoritative compilation of laws of post-biblical Judaism, is derived from the concept שׁנָה/ šnh (“to repeat”) and refers, in the figurative sense, to the “memorizing of the teaching through repetition.” Mishnah thus originally designates individual tenets of the rabbis and was later applied to the compilation of laws already att…

Artapanos (726)

(8,168 words)

Author(s): Zellentin, Holger M.
This entry was prepared by Holger M. Zellentin and published on 1 April 2013. About this Historian Historian: Artapanos Jacoby number: 726 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XII. Jews Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 726 F 1 Source: Eusebios of Caesarea, Praeparatio evangelica [Vide: Africanus (Julius), Diodorus Siculus, Plutarchus & Porphyrius apud Eusebium Caesariensem], 9, 18, 1 Work mentioned: Source date: 4th century AD Source language: Greek Fragmen…

Temple

(9,630 words)

Author(s): Maier, Bernhard | Berlejung, Angelika | Steimle, Christopher | Bieberstein, Klaus | Zellentin, Holger | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies The English word temple derives from Latin templum. In the technical vocabulary of religious studies, it is more specialized than sanctuary, shrine, cult site, or place of worship. The usage of the originally Latin term beyond the sphere of classical antiquity is well established, particularly for structures that appear comparable in regard to their architectural form (monumentality, stone construction) or religious function (dwelling place of a god or goddess). But this usage does not reflect a precise defi-¶ nition it is based primarily …