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Sabbath

(2,991 words)

Author(s): Otto, Eckart | Doering, Lutz | Hollender, Elisabeth | van Henten, Jan Willem | Volp, Ulrich | Et al.
[German Version] I. Old Testament In the preexilic period, Sabbath (שַׁבָּת/ šabbāt) meant the day of the full moon; from the Exile on, it denoted a weekly day of rest. The origins of this day of rest go back to the early days of Exile. The earliest laws regarding the preexilic day of rest appear in the Book of the Covenant (Exod 23:10) and the cultic code in Exod 34:18–23, 25f. (v. 21) (Law and legislation: III). In the Book of the Covenant, the commandment to …

Maccabees, Books of the

(1,868 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
[German Version] In his commentary on Dan 4:3, Hippolytus of Rome mentions 1 Maccabees, the first mention of a numbering of the books of Maccabees. Codex Alexandrinus (5th cent.; Biblical manuscripts: II, 2) contains all four; it and other manuscripts show that they were transmitted as part of the Septuagint (Bible translations). 4 Maccabees also circulated as a work by Flavius Josephus under the title On the Superiority of Reason and in menologies. The Roman Catholic Church includes 1 and 2 Maccabees among the deuterocanonical books; the Protestant tradition includes them among the Old Testament Apocrypha (II). 3 and 4 Maccabees never achieved canonical status in any church. The Orthodox churches consider the first three books profitable to read, but have not included them in their canon. 1 Maccabees describes the liberation of the Judean Jews from the oppression of Antiochus IV and the establishment of…

Maccabees

(1,097 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
[German Version] The name Maccabees denotes primarily a family of Jewish freedom fighters and leaders, also called the Hasmoneans (see below). It can also refer to a collection of postcanonical Jewis…

God-fearers

(258 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
[German Version] Whether and how the reference to God-fearers in the NT and in (Jewish) inscriptions can be linked with the concept of the fear of God in the Hebrew Bible and in Jewish literature of the Second Temple period, has been the subject of controversy. The various references to God-fearers in Acts (10:2, 22; 13:16, 26, 43, 50; 16:13f.; 17:4, 17; 18:6f.) are often adduced to justify the assumption that Luke located the starting-point for Paul's mission to the Gentiles in the circle of Gentiles who revered the God of the Jews. The often expressed doubt as to whether there were ever ¶ such c…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 5.2, Niese 121-126

(3,245 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 5.2, Niese 121-126121Ἐν τούτῳ καὶ τῆς ἐπ’ Ἀκτίῳ μάχης συνεσταμένης Καίσαρι πρὸς Ἀντώνιον ἑβδόμου δ’ ὄντος Ἡρώδῃ τῆς βασιλείας ἔτους σεισθεῖσα ἡ γῆ τῶν Ἰ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 10.2, Niese 349-353

(3,330 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 10.2, Niese 349-353349Ὁ δὲ Ζηνόδωρος ἀχθόμενος πρῶτον μὲν ἐπὶ τῇ τῆς ἐπαρχίας ἀφαιρέσει, μᾶλλον δὲ καὶ φθόνῳ τὴν ἀρχὴν Ἡρώδου μετειληφότος, ἀνῆλθεν εἰ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 10.3, Niese 354-364

(9,043 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 10.3, Niese 354-364354Ἤδη δ’ αὐτοῦ τῆς βασιλείας ἑπτακαιδεκάτου προελθόντος ἔτους Καῖσαρ εἰς Συρίαν ἀφίκετο. καὶ τότε τῶν Γάδαρα κατοικούντων οἱ πλεῖστ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.1, Niese 202-208

(3,643 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, …

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.8, Niese 247-252

(4,184 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.8, Niese 247-252247Διατρίβουσα δὲ ἐν τοῖς Ἱεροσολύμοις Ἀλεξάνδρα καὶ πυνθανομένη τὰ κατ’ αὐτὸν ἐσπουδάκει τῶν περὶ τὴν πόλιν φρουρίων ἐγκρατὴς γενέσθαι.When1 Alexandra,…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.7, Niese 240-246

(4,266 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.7, Niese 240-246240Ἀναιρεθείσης δ’ αὐτῆς τότε καὶ μᾶλλον ἐξήφθη τὰ περὶ τὴν ἐπιθυμίαν τοῦ βασιλέως ἔχοντος μὲν οὕτως, ὡς καὶ πρότερον ἐδηλώσαμεν· οὐ …

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 9.1, Niese 299-304

(3,069 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 9.1, Niese 299-304 ὡς ἀνάγκην ἔχων Ἡρώδης ἀπιέναι πρὸς Καίσαρα νενικηκότα διέφθειρεν Ὑρκανόν.299Κατὰ τοῦτον μὲν οὖν τὸν ἐνιαυτὸν τρισκαιδέκατον ὄντα τῆς Ἡρώδου βασιλείας πάθη μέγιστα τὴ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 3.2, Niese 42-49

(2,806 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 3.2, Niese 42-49van Henten, Jan Willem

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.4, Niese 218-231

(9,114 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 7.4, Niese 218-231218Ἐπιτυχὼν δὲ καὶ τούτων λαμπρότερος ἦν, καὶ τὸν μὲν Καίσαρα παρέπεμψεν ἐπ’ Ἀντιοχείας, αὐτὸς δ’ ἐπανελθὼν ὅσον ᾤετο τὰ πράγματα αὐτ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 11.6, Niese 421-423

(3,083 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 11.6, Niese 421-423421Τοῦ δὲ ναοῦ διὰ τῶν ἱερέων οἰκοδομηθέντος ἐνιαυτῷ καὶ μησὶν πέντε ἅπας ὁ λαὸς ἐπληρώθη χαρᾶς καὶ τοῦ τάχους πρῶτον μὲν τῷ θεῷ τὰς …

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 5.5, Niese 155-160

(2,756 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 5.5, Niese 155-160155Ἐν τοιούτοις οὖν ὄντες οἱ Ἄραβες ἐπρεσβεύοντο πρὸς τὸν Ἡρώδην, τὸ μὲν πρῶτον ὑπὲρ διαλύσεως, ἔπειτα, τὸ γὰρ δίψος ἤπειγεν, πᾶν ὁτιο…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 2.2, Niese 14-17

(2,981 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 2.2, Niese 14-1714Ὑρκανῷ δ’ ἀναχθέντι Φραάτης ὁ τῶν Πάρθων βασιλεὺς ἐπ’ αὐτὸν ἐπιεικέστερον προσηνέχθη, τὸ τῆς εὐγενείας αὐτοῦ διάσημον προπεπυσμένος. δ…

Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 2.1, Niese 11-13

(1,879 words)

Author(s): van Henten, Jan Willem
⇐ Previous Contents ⇑Next ⇒ Judean Antiquities 15, Whiston 2.1, Niese 11-13 ὃν τρόπον Ὑρκανὸς ὁ πρῶτος βασιλεὺς Ἰουδαίων καὶ ἀρχιερεὺς ἀφεθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ τῶν Πάρθων βασιλέως Ἀρσάκου πρὸς Ἡρώδην ὑπέστρεψεν.11Κατασχόντος δὲ τὴν βασιλεί…
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