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Diether of Isenburg

(194 words)

Author(s): Jürgensmeier, Friedhelm
[German Version] (1412, Büdingen – May 6/7, 1482, Aschaffenburg), archbishop of Mainz 1460–1461/1463 and 1476–1482. He studied in Cologne and Erfurt; in 1459 he was chosen over Adolf of Nassau to become archbishop of Mainz. Increased confirmation taxes, the prohibition of appeal to a council, as well as efforts to effect imperial reforms brought him into conflict with the pope an…

Albert of Brandenburg

(469 words)

Author(s): Jürgensmeier, Friedhelm
[German Version] (Albrecht of Mainz; Jun 28, 1490, Cölln a/d Spree – Sep 24, 1545, Mainz) was cardinal, archbishop of Mainz and Magdeburg, administrator of Halberstadt, Elector, Lord High Chancellor of the Empire; he was the son of Elector Johann Cicero of Brandenburg (Aug 2, 1455–Jan 4, 1499) and Margaretha of Saxony (died 1501), and brother of Elector Joachim I Nestor (died 1535). The Margrave of Brandenburg had no academic formation. He was educated in law and humanism under the influence of bishop Dietrich v. Bulow in …

Mainz

(1,829 words)

Author(s): Jürgensmeier, Friedhelm | May, Gerhard
[German Version] I. City and Bishopric – II. University I. City and Bishopric Mainz, laid out as a military camp between 18 and 13 bce, became the capital of the Roman province Germania prima; by the 4th century at the latest, it was an episcopal see. Medieval lists identify its first bishop as Marinus or Martinus. In the 10th century, in competition with Trier and Cologne, its episcopal succession was traced back to Crescens (2 Tim 4:10). The Roman civitas, coextensive with the see, collapsed during the migration period. A Frankish settlement since the 5th or 6th centur…