I. Religious Studies The myth and symbolism of the phoenix (Gk ϕοῖνιξ/
phoínix, probably “Phoen. [=
purple] bird”) are determined by the solar tradition (Sun; hence, parallels
inter alia to the Egyp. sun-bird,
benu): it comes from the East (India, Arab countries), dies through immolation, appears periodically (Tacitus,
Annales VI 28), is a symbol of the resurrection (II) of Christ as the true sun (or, more generally:
1 Clem. 25; Tert.
Res. 13), and has the colors of the sun (nimbus of rays). Its dwelling and food are classically conceived as Elysium,…