Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Iustinus

(576 words)

Author(s): Russo, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Russo and first published on 29/06/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iustinus | Ἰουστῖνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholion on Lucian1 (25, 48 [p. 118, 7-8 Rabe]) attributes to a certain Ἰουστῖνος the idea that the construction of κατάγνυμι with the genitive (κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου) is an Ἀττικὴ σύνταξις. Apart from the mention of a Ἰουστῖνος Ἀττικιστής in a scholion of Basil of C…

Habron

(5,926 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Habron | Ἅβρων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Phrygia? Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Only brief notices about the life of this grammarian have survived: we learn from the biographical entry dedicated to him in the Suda (α 97) that Habron, a Phrygian or Rhodian (Φρὺξ ἢ Ῥόδιος: on this alternative see infra), was a …

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,718 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Callatis/Alexandria/Oxyrhynchus? Date: 2nd c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The biography of Heraclides Lembus is shadowy in many respects because of the contradictory nature of the information provided by Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 94) and t…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(1,030 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Identity: Place of Origin: Hierapolis? Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Andromachus is known in the sources as the father of the tragedian Homer of Byzantium1 ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) and the husband of the poetess Moero of Byzant…

Demetrius [9]

(679 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [9] | Δημἁτριος Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Information about Demetrius is very scarce. Diogenes Laertius1 (late 2nd-early 3rd c. CE) mentions him twelfth in his list of important men bearing the name Demetrius, so this constitutes a terminus ante quem for his dating. From Diogenes (5, 84) w…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Hermippus [2]

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/07/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Berytus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: A man of slave origin and a native of a village in Phoenicia that shared the name of Berytus with the famous port (cf. the clarification of the Suda1 lexicon, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Hermippus was a student of Herennius Phil…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Zopyrion [1]

(1,184 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrion [1] | Ζωπυρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zopyrion was the author of a glossographical1 work that dealt with names beginning with α-δ; Pamphilus2 carried out a continuation of it (letters ε-ω), which resulted in the Περὶ ὀνομάτων καὶ γλωσσῶν in 95 books, which Diogenianus3 epitomized in 5 b…

Claudius [2] Casilo

(1,830 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 09/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Claudius [2] Casilo | Κλαύδιος ὁ Καςίλωνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A lexicographer of uncertain date, Claudius was identified by Nauck ( Krit. Bemerk., 1868) with the Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κασίλωνος cited by the Suda1 (the complete name would then be Κλαύδιος Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κασίλωνος), as a student of a similarly obsc…

Soteridas (Soteras)

(2,061 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Soteridas (Soteras) | Σωτηρίδας (Σωτήρας) Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Epidaurus? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information about this grammarian is preserved in two articles of the Suda, ones probably derived from Hesychius of Miletus1 (σ 875 and 876, s.v. Σωτηρίδας), as well as another article on Pamph…

Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Oribasius

(10,056 words)

Author(s): Buzzi, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Buzzi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Oribasius | Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Oribasius (Ὀρειβάσιος/Ὀριβάσιος), a famous doctor1 and scholar who lived ca. 320-390 CE, has come to be considered the founder of Byzantine encyclopedism in the area of practical literature ( Gebrauchsliteratur: cf. Garzya 1981; Ieraci Bio 1982…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Clemens

(1,392 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Clemens | Κλήμης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Clemens. His Latin name suggests to date him in the imperial period, probably between the 1st and 2nd c. CE. Only three citations of Clemens survive in some lexicographical works…
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