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Polyphontes

(216 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)

Pothos

(103 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[English version] (Πόθος, lat. Pothus). Daimon (Dämonen); Personifikation der strebenden Sehnsucht, oft nach etwas Fernem; der anfängliche Unterschied zu Eros [1] und Himeros, der Sehnsucht nach Gegenwärtigem (Plat. Krat. 420a), verwischt in späterer Zeit. P. gilt bisweilen als Sohn des Zephyros oder des Eros (…

Phaleros

(91 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[English version] (Φάληρος). Ein griech. Heros namens Ph. erscheint in diversen Zusammenhängen, ob immer derselbe gemeint ist, ist ungewiß: Ein Ph. wird auf Wunsch seines Vaters Alkon Argonaut (Apoll. Rhod. 1,96f.; Val. Fl. 4,654); er ist Eponym des att. Phaleron, wo ihm ein Altar geweiht war (Paus. 1,1,4), sowie des unteritalischen Neapolis [2] (= Phaleron). Vielleicht ist dieser att. Ph. identisch mit dem angeblichen Gründer von Soloi (Strab. 14,6,3…

Polyidos

(351 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) | Börm, Henning (Kiel) | Folkerts, Menso (München) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg)
(Πολύιδος, lat. Polyidus). [English version] [1] myth. Seher und Wundertäter aus Korinth (“Vielwissender”). Myth. Seher und Wundertäter aus Korinth (vgl. Cic. leg. 2,33), Nachfahre des Melampus [1] (Pherekydes FGrH 3 F 115a; Paus. 1,43,5), Gatte der Eurydameia, Vater des Euchenor (Hom. Il. 13,663-668; vgl. Cic. div. 1,89), Kleitos [2], der Astykrateia und Manto (nicht identisch mit der Seherin Manto). Seine Wirkung dokumentiert sich in zahlreichen Hilfsaktionen: So hilft er u. a. in Korinth als Traumdeuter …

Pterelaos

(138 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[English version] (Πτερέλαος, Πτερέλας, Πτερέλεως, Pterela). Myth. König der Teleboai. Die genaue Genealogie ist schon in der Ant. umstritten, doch ist P. jedenfalls mit Hippothoe [3] und Taphios verwandt und stammt von Poseidon ab. Von diesem erhält er ein goldenes Haar, das ihn unsterblich macht (Nisos [1]). Als Amphitryon mit Kephalos [1], Kreon u. a. (Apollod. 2,51-60) gegen P. zieht, um die Söhne Elektryons zu rächen, widersteht P. ihm ein Jahr lang, bis seine Tochter Komaitho [1] ihm aus Lie…

Philotes

(100 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[English version] (Φιλότης). Griech. Personifikation von Sexualität und sinnlicher Liebe. Bei Hesiod (theog. 224) ist sie die Tochter der Nyx und die Schwester der Moiren (Moira; vgl. aber Hes. theog. 9…

Salakia

(77 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[English version] (Σαλακία). Jungfrau aus Ophionis (ihr Name ist vielleicht vom Salbakosgebirge abgeleitet) die nach einer aitiologischen Legende während einer Apollonprozession ein Kästchen mit Kuchen in Form von Leier, Pfeil und Bogen, typischen Insignien des Gottes also, transportiert. Der Wind entreißt ihr die Opfergab…

Telephassa

(90 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Τηλέφασσα; Tēléphassa). Wife of the Phoenician ruler Agenor [1], mother of Europe [2], Cadmus [1], Cilix and Phoenix [1] (Apollod. 3,2). Together with her sons she sets out in search of her abducted daughter. Since they are not allowed to return without Europe and are unable to find her, they remain in Greece. T. dies in Thrace and is buried by Cadmus (Apo…

Polyidus

(381 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) | Börm, Henning (Kiel) | Folkerts, Menso (Munich) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg)
(Πολύιδος/ Polýidos, Latin Polyidus). [German version] [1] Mythical seer and miracle-worker from Corinth ('of wide learning'). Mythical seer and miracle-worker from Corinth (cf. Cic. Leg. 2,33), descendant of Melampus [1] (Pherecydes FGrH 3 F 115a; Paus. 1,43,5), spouse of Eurydameia, father of Euchenor (Hom. Il. 13,663-668; cf. Cic. Div. 1,89), Cleitus [2], Astycrateia and Manto (not identical with the seeress Manto). His powers are testified to by numerous accounts of his assitence: in Corinth, for example…

Scedasus

(127 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Σκέδασος; Skédasos). Hero of Leuctra to whom the Thebans sacrificed a white foal before waging battle. S.' daughters (and those of Leuctrus/Leucter, Diod. Sic. 15,54) are violated by Spartans passing through; in vain S. demands justice in Sparta and takes his own life (as his daughters had already done), after cursing the homeland of the perpetrators and prophesying a defeat for its army. S. is said to have appeared to Pelopidas before the battle of 371 BC against the Spartans; th…

Schedius

(138 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
(Σχεδίος; Schedíos). [German version] [1] Son of king Iphitus Son of king Iphitus and grandson of Naubolus; born in Panopeus (Paus. 10,4,2). Leader of the Phocians, he initially woos Helena [1] (Apollod. 3,129) and then sets off with his brother Epistrophus and 40 ships for the Trojan War (Hom. Il. 2,517-526). In the battle for the body of Patroclus he is killed by Hector (Hom. Il. 17,305-311). His remains ar…

Pterelaus

(153 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Πτερέλαος/ Pterélaos, Πτερέλας/ Pterélas, Πτερέλεως/ Pteréleōs, Lat. Pterela). Mythical king of the Teleboae. His exact genealogy was already in dispute in Antiquity, but in any case P. is related to Hippothoe [3] and Taphius and is a descendant of Poseidon. From the latter he receives a golden hair that makes him immortal (Nisus [1]). When Amphitryon marches against P. with Cephalus [1], Creon and others (Apollod. 2,51-60), to take revenge for the sons of Electryon, P. resists for a …

Salacia

(281 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel) | Wardle, David (Cape Town)
[German version] [1] Maiden and worshipper of Apollo (Σαλακία; Salakía). Maiden from Ophionis (her name may derive from the Salbacus mountains), who, according to an etiological legend, carries a box in a procession for Apollo. In the box are cakes in the form of lyre, bow and arrow, which are typical ins…

Talaus

(97 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Τάλαος; Tálaos). Mythical king of Argos, son of Bias [1] and Pero [1], brother of Perialces and Arius, husband of Lysimache. T., who was probably originally a mountain daimon, in the earlier legend is made to lose his life and rule by Amphiaraus (Pind. N. 9,13) and appears in later literature as one of the Argonauts (Apoll. Rho…

Zeuxippus

(402 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel) | Berger, Albrecht (Berlin) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich)
(Ζεύξιππος/ Zeúxippos). [German version] [1] Father of Cyclops Father of Cyclops and ancestor of the Attic hero Myrmex [1]. Börm, Henning (Kiel) [German version] …

Polyphontes

(234 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
(Πολυφόντης/ Polyphóntēs). [German version] [1] Theban in the Iliad Theban, son of Autophonus, out of offended pride, together with Maion [1], sets a trap for  Tydeus and is killed by him (Hom. Il. 4,391 ff.). Börm, Henning (Kiel) …

Pothos

(104 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Πόθος/ Póthos, Lat. Pothus). Daimon (Demons); personification of pressing yearning, often for something distant; the initial distinction from Eros [1] and Himeros, longing for somebody or something present (Plat. Crat. 420a), …

Philotes

(107 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Φιλότης; Philótēs). Greek personification of sexuality and sensual love. In Hesiod (Theog. 224) she is a daughter of Nyx and a sister of the Moirai (Moira; but cf. Hes. Theog. 905) and of Age, Sleep, Deception, Vengeance, Quarrelsomeness, etc. This peculiar combination is occasionally traced to a negative view of women or Hesiod's pessimistic view of the wor…

Taphius

(90 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Τάφ(ι)ος; Táph(i)os). Descendant of Perseus [1] from Mycenae; eponym of the island of Taphos and the Taphian Islands allegedly settled by him (Taphiae; schol. [Hes.] scut. 11). It is after him that the Teleboae are also called Taphians (T…

Phalerus

(115 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
[German version] (Φάληρος; Phálēros). A Greek hero by the name of P. appears in many and varied contexts and it is uncertain whether the reference is always to the same person: a P. becomes an Argonaut (Argonau…

Saron

(112 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)

Zeuxippe

(156 words)

Author(s): Börm, Henning (Kiel)
(Ζευξίππη/ Zeuxíppē). Name of various female figures in mythology. [German version] [1] Daughter of the river god Eridanus Daughter of the river god Eridanus [2] and wife of Teleon (Hyg. Fab. 14,9) or of the Attic ruler Pandion [1] (Apollod. 3,193), the son of her sister Praxithea [1] and Erichthonius [1] (Apollod. 3,190). Their children were Procne, Philomela, Butes [1] and Erechtheus. Börm, Henning (Kiel) [German version] [2] Wife of the Trojan king Laomedon Wife of the Trojan king Laomedon [1] and mother of Priamus (Alcm. fr. 113 B). Börm, Henning (Kiel) [German version] [3] Daughter…
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