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Senia

(114 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Port in Liburnia, modern Senj in Croatia, a Roman oppidum (Plin. HN 3,140), but possibly a colonia (cf. Tac. Hist. 4,45: “colonia Sienensis”), there were Augustales [1] there. S. was a toll station “(portiorum publicum Illyrici”, CIL III 3016 f.). The officials of S. were from Italic families (Gavii, Gessii, Verridii); in the 2nd/3rd cent. AD families from eastern  provinces settled in S. (evidence of a Jew from Tiberias, a Greek from Nicomedia). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, …

Triballi

(303 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Τριβαλλοί; Triballoí). Illyrian (App. Ill. 2 f.; Steph. Byz. s. v. Τ.) or Thracian (Str. 7,3,13; 7,5,6) tribe between the lower Margus and present-day Iskar - right side-arms of the Istrus [2] (Danube). In the 5th cent. BC, the Athenian sources mention T. who mostly had been sold to Attica as slaves by the Odrysae (Hdt. 4,49; Thuc. 2,96); Aristoph. Av. 1529-1565 emphasizes their wildness (cf. later Isoc. Or. 8,50). Isocrates (Or. 12,227 f.), however, focused on their unity which h…

Singidunum

(183 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Thraci, Thracia | Christianity | | Coloniae | Legio | Limes | Moesi, Moesia (Σινγίδουνον/ Singídounon). City where the Savus flows into the Istrus [2] (Ptol. 3,9,3; It. Ant. 132,1) with a river port, modern Belgrade in Serbia. The site was settled from the Neolithic onwards, later occupied by the Romans, after AD 86 the headquarters of the legio IV Flavia Felix. S. was situated in the province of Moesia superior, after 169 it became a municipium, 238 a colonia. Inscriptions (CIL III 1660; 6307 f.; 6452; 145341) mention ordo, duovir…

Timavus

(228 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Τίμαυον/ Tímauon). River in the border region between Histria and Venetia. It flows through karst country, in parts of which it seeps away. It moved ancient authors to astonishment with its numerous springs of abundant water (according to Verg. Aen. 1,245 nine, according to Pol. in Str. 5,1,8 seven springs). According to Plin. HN 3,128, it was connected to the Istrus [2] (Danube) (cf. the return of the Argonauts, Mart. 4,25,5 f.; 8,28,7 f.). Today, from its source at the foot of t…

Splonum

(59 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Σπλαῦνον; Splaûnon). The location of the fortress conquered by Germanicus [2] in 9 AD (Cass. Dio 56,11-17) is debatable: near Šipovo (extended settlement from the Roman period: [1]) or farther east at Plevlje in Bosnia: [2]. Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Σπλαῦνον-S., in: Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 10, 1967, 3-18 2 J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, 1969, 74, 282.

Tarsatica

(62 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Liburnian coastal city on the road from Aquileia [1] to Siscia (Plin. HN 3,140; Tab. Peut. 5,1 f.;  It. Ant. 273: Tharsatico), modern Trsat to the east of Rijeka. Oppidum, tribus Sergia ( duoviri, decuriones: CIL III, 3027-3029). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography J. Šašel, s. v. Alpium Iuliarum Claustra, RE Suppl. 13, 11-14.

Tergeste

(142 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Venetic | | Coloniae | Moesi, Moesia | Pannonia | Regio, regiones (Τεργέστε/ Tergéste; modern Trieste). Village settlement, later a polis or fortress, port in the territory of the Illyrian Carni to the east of Aquileia [1] (Artemidorus [3] fr. 9, GGM I, 575; Caes. B Gall. 8,24; Str.  5,1,9; 7,5,2; Vell.  Pat. 2,110,4; in Ptol. 1,15,3; 3,1,27: Τέργεστον/ Térgeston; Steph. Byz. s. v. Τέγεστρα). Roman colonia, tribus Pupinia, probably from the Roman civil war in 42/1 BC onwards (Plin. HN 3,127). Parts of …

Taulantii

(297 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Ταυλάντιοι/ Taulántioi). Illyrian people, known already by Hecataeus (FGrH 1 F 99; 101; cf. Ael. NA 14,1; Str. 7,7,8; App. Ill. 16; App. B Civ. 2,39; Ptol. 3,13,3; 3,13,20; Liv. 45,26,13; Plin. HN 3,144; Mela 2,3). Galaurus, a king of the T. and an enemy of the Macedonians (Polyaenus Strat. 4,1), has been dated to as early as the end of the 7th cent. BC. At the founding of Epidamnos (Dyrrhachium) in 626/5 BC, the T. came to the aid of the colonists of Corcyra against Liburnian pir…

Salvium

(142 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] City in the territory of the Dalmatae (CIL XIII 6538; 14249,2: S. [1. 121]; Ptol. 2,17,9: Σαλουία/Salouía; It. Ant. 269,4: Salviae). After the Roman conquest in AD 6-9, it was in the province of Dalmatia on the Salona - Servitium road, modern Podgradina near Glamoc̆polje or Halapić (in Bosnia). Municipium from the time of Hadrianus onwards (CIL XIII 6538). Cult of Silvanus Silvestris (CIL XIII 13985; cf. [2]). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography 1 C. Patsch, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der römischen Provinz Dalmatia, in: Wissenschaftli…

Novas

(57 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Νόης/ Nóēs, Lat. Novas, Noas). Right hand tributary of the Ister [1], which rises in eastern Thrace (Hdt. 4,49; Val. Fl. 4,719; 6,100) and flows through the territory of the Crobyzi. Possibly identical with the modern  Osâm. Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. Noes, RE 17, 810  D. Detschew, Die thrakischen Sprachreste, 1957, 332.

Tragurium

(157 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Τραγούριον/ Tragoúrion, Trogir, Trau; also modern Trogir). City on a small island off the coast of Illyria, to the northwest of Salona. Archaeological finds (primarily ceramics) provide evidence of an Illyrian settlement, before Greek colonists from Issa settled in T. and in Epetium neighbouring to the east around the turn of the 3rd and 2nd cents. BC (Str. 7,5,5); relations between Issa and its two daughter cities were very close (Pol. 32,9,2). C. 158 BC there were attacks by the Dalmatae. In 56 BC, Caesar awarded T. the status of a civitas libera et foederata ('free and…

Naracustoma

(177 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Ναράκου στόμα/ Narákou stóma, Latin Naracustoma). One of the delta branches of the Danube (Istrus [2]; Plin. HN 4,79; Apoll. Rhod. 4,310ff.; Arr. Peripl. p. eux. 24,1; Anon. Peripl. m. Eux. 67; Amm. Marc. 22,8,45; Solin. 13,1). Apollonius places it north of the delta branch called the Calostoma (καλὸν στόμα/ kalòn stóma), while Arrian and the anonymous source put it to the south; Pliny, Ammianus and Solinus, like Apollonius, locate the N. between the Calostoma and the Peuce. The N. today corresponds to the river branch known as I…

Scardona

(244 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Moesi, Moesia (Σκάρδων/ Skárdōn). City of the Liburni (Str. 7,5,5: Λιβυρνὴ πόλις, cf. Plin. HN 3,141; Ptol. 2,17,3; Procop. Goth. 1,7) on the right bank of the river Titius (also Titus, Tityus, Catarbates, modern Krka), about 20 km from the sea in the hinterland of Šibenik, modern Skradin (Croatia). The river was navigable as far as there. A Roman soldier, whose grave (ILS 2258) provides us with evidence of his being in S., probably belonged to an outpost of Burnum, where the legio XI Claudia was stationed. There is also evid…

Rider

(235 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] Chief town of the Dalmatae, about 45 km west of Salona and 10 km southeast of Scardona, near modern Danilo Kraljice in Croatia. Originally built on an elevation, in the Roman Period R. was relocated to the  plain (Danilsko polje). Initially a simple vicus under magistri, in the early Imperial Period R. was given  a vexillatio from the Legio VII Claudia (CIL III 2772) to protect the road between Salona and Scardona. Not later than under the Flavians (end of the 1st century AD) R. became a municipium, whose duoviri were given Roman citizenship (CIL III 2026; 2774; 128…

Risinum (Rhizon)

(362 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: | Moesi, Moesia | Punic Wars City and river on the Dalmatian coast in the territory of the Ardiaei (Ps.-Scyl. 24 f.: Ῥιζοῦς/ Rhizoûs; Pol. 2,11,16: Ῥίζων/ Rhízōn, city and river; Str.  7,5,7: ὁ Ῥιζονικὸς κόλπος/ ho Rhizonikòs kólpos and Ῥίζων πόλις/ Rhízōn pólis; Plin.  HN 3,144: Rhizinium, mentioned among the oppida civium Romanorum; Ptol. 2,17,5: Ῥίσινον/ Rhísinon on the Ῥιζόνικος κόλπος/ Rhizónikos kólpos; Ptol. 2,17,12: Ῥιζάνα/ Rhizána; Tab. Peut. 7,1: Resinum; Geogr. Rav. 5,379: Rucinium; Steph. Byz. s.v. Βουθόη,…

Promona

(187 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Πρωμόνα; Prōmóna). City in Dalmatia (App. Ill. 34; 72-77; Str. 7,5,5: Πρώμονα/ Prṓmona; Tab. Peut. 6,1; Geogr. Rav. 211; CIL III 149692: pagani Promonenses), near modern Tepljuh, about 40 km to the northwest of Šibenik on the road to Knin, at the foot of Mount Promina (1148 m). The Dalmatae and other Illyrii conquered the Liburnian fortress of P. in 51 BC. Caesar intervened to return P. to the Liburni but in vain. In 34 BC Agrippa [1] and the future Augustus ultimately took P. from the Dalmatae under t…

Scodra

(254 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: | Coloniae | Commerce | Moesi, Moesia | Punic Wars | Balkans, languages Illyrian city (Liv. 44,31; Vibius Sequester 148; It. Ant. 339,4; Tab. Peut. 7,1 f.; Pol. 28,8,4: Σκόδρα/ Skódra; Ptol. 2,17,12; Hierocles, Synekdemos 656,4; Liv. 45,26: Scodrenses) southeast of Lacus Labeatis (modern Liqeni Shkodres), 17 Roman miles ( c. 28 km; Plin. HN 3,144; Geogr. Rav. 5,14) from the coast of the Ionios Kolpos, in the area of the mouths of the Drilon and the Barbanna (modern Bojanna), modern Shkodra (i…

Parthini

(486 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] ( Partini, Partheni, Παρθῖνοι/ Parthînoi, Παρθεηνᾶται/ Partheēnâtai). Illyrian tribe (Str. 7,7,8; App. Ill. 2) near Dyrrhachium (App. B Civ. 5,320). It is likely that they lived in the Shkumbi valley (in modern Albania) and controlled the important link between Ionios Kolpos and Macedonia, equivalent to the later via Egnatia . Their neighbours to the east were the Dassaretae (Dassaretia) in the region of the modern Ohrid, and to the west the Taulantii (Thuc. 1,24; Diod. Sic. 12,30-40). The earliest written ref…

Varvaria

(59 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Οὐαρουαρία/ Ouarouaría). City in the south of Liburnia (Liburni; Ptol. 2,17,9; Plin. HN 3,130; 3,139), to the north of modern Šibenik, to the southwest of Burnum at modern Bribir. Under Tiberius V. was a municipium in the conventus of Scardona ( quattuorviri). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, 1969, 205, 216 f., 487-492 B. Saria, s. v. V., RE 8 A, 418-420.

Pyretus

(89 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] (Πυρετός/ Pyretós). The easternmost left-bank tributary of the Ister [2] (Danube), thus corresponding to the modern  River Prut. Herodotus, the only ancient author to mention the P., considers it the most important of the Danube's tributaries because of its enormous flow (Hdt. 4,48). Some 830 km long, it rises in the Carpathian mountains and flows across regions that in Antiquity were counted as parts of Scythia (there called Πόρατα/ Pórata; Scythae). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography H. Treidler, s. v. P. (3), RE 24, 19-22  TIR L 35 Romula, 1969, 60.

Marus

(108 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] Northern tributary of the Ister (Danube), the modern Morava in Moravia (Tac. Ann. 2,63; Plin. HN 4,81). The name means ‘slow’.It should not be confused with the Máris in Hdt.4,48 or the Márisos in Str. 7,3,13. An important trade route northwards to the Mare Balticum. After the surrender of Maroboduus in AD 19, the Romans settled the Marcomanni between the M. and the Cusus under the rule of the Quadian king Vannius (Tac. 2,63). According to Plin. HN 4,81, the M. separated the Suebi and Vannius's kingdom from the Bastarnae and other Germanic tribes. Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont…

Pucinum

(173 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] Fort in the territory of the Carni in Istria, near Aquileia on a bay of the Ionios Kolpos at the source of the Timavus (Plin. HN 14,60; cf. 3,127; 17,31; modern Timavo) - probably north-west of Tergeste near modern Duino or modern Prosecco, a village still known today for its dark red wine. P. lay near a rocky hill on which grew a wine famous for its healing powers; Livia [2] ascribed her great age (she lived to be 86) to her exclusive consumption of this wine (Plin. HN 14,60). Th…

Tilurium

(108 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Legio Military camp or Roman settlement (Plin. HN 3,142; It. Ant. 337,5: Ponte Tiluri; Tab. Peut. 6,3: Tilurio; Geogr. Rav. 4,16: Tilurion) in the hinterland of Salona on the Tilurius (modern Cetina; Nestus [2]) in the province of Dalmatia, modern Gardun (in Bosnia). The later Augustus stationed the Legio VII there in 33 BC. After AD 45 T. accommodated a number of detachments of other units (e.g. the Legio XI in Burnum), and from the second half of the 1st cent. auxiliary troops ( Ala Frontoniana, Cohors Aquitanorum, Cohors I…

Lissus

(344 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: | Moesi, Moesia | Punic Wars (Λισσός; Lissós, Latin Lissus). City with a harbour near modern Lezhë in Albania on the left bank of the Drin, which flows into the sea through a lagoon area above the ancient city. When Diod. Sic. 15,13,4 mentions that L. was founded by Dionysius [1] I in 385 BC, he obviously confuses L. with Issa. This is proven by Albanian excavations that show a defensive position of L. not directed towards the sea but towards the land.…

Uscana

(93 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] Chief city of the Penestae [2] (Liv. 43,18,5). U. is thought to lie either near modern Debar (Dibër, modern Macedonia), at modern Debrce near Lychnidus or at modern Kičevo (Kërçovë). The events of the third of the Macedonian Wars (171-168 BC) affected the city in many ways (cf. Liv. 43,10; 43,18; 43,20 f. For the problems of source criticism cf. [1]). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography 1 B. Saria, s. v. U., RE 9 A, 1075 f. F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine à l'époque romaine (BCH Suppl. 16), 1988, 46 n. 39; 75; 76 n. 17; 298.

Sirmium

(194 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | | Coloniae | Commerce | Limes | Moesi, Moesia | Pannonia | Pilgrimage | Rome | Rome Pannonian city with a port on the Savus to the northwest of  Singidunum, modern Sremska Mitroviča. Around S. lived the indigenous Amantini (cf. App. Ill. 63 for the period before the Roman conquest in 35 BC: "They live not in cities, πόλεις, but in fields or villages in family units, κώμας κατὰ συγγένειαν; they did not meet in assemblies and had no officials either"). Under the Flavians S. was colonia, tribus Quirina (CIL III 4991); th…

Pucinum

(168 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Kastell im Gebiet der Carni in Istria bei Aquileia an einer Bucht des Ionios Kolpos an der Quelle des Timavus (Plin. nat. 14,60; vgl. 3,127; 17,31; h. Timavo) - verm. im NW von Tergeste beim h. Duino oder beim h. Prosecco, einem Dorf, das für seinen dunkelroten Wein noch h. bekannt ist. P. lag in der Nähe eines felsigen Hügels, an dem ein für seine Heilkraft berühmter Wein wuchs; Livia [2] führte ihr hohes Alter (sie wurde 86 J. alt) auf den ausschließlichen Genuß dieses Weins zu…

Risinum (Rhizon)

(350 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Moesi, Moesia | Punische Kriege | Straßen Stadt und Fluß an der dalmatischen Küste im Gebiet der Ardiaei (Ps.-Skyl. 24 f.: Ῥιζοῦς; Pol. 2,11,16: Ῥίζων, Stadt und Fluß; Strab. 7,5,7: ὁ Ῥιζονικὸς κόλπος und Ῥίζων πόλις; Plin. nat. 3,144: Rhizinium, genannt unter den oppida civium Romanorum; Ptol. 2,17,5: Ῥίσινον am Ῥιζόνικος κόλπος; Ptol. 2,17,12: Ῥιζάνα; Tab. Peut. 7,1: Resinum; Geogr. Rav. 5,379: Rucinium; Steph. Byz. s. v. Βουθόη, Polis und Fluß), h. Risan (Montenegro) an der Bucht von Kotor. Mit s…

Rider

(214 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Hauptort der Dalmatae, ca. 45 km westl. von Salona, ca. 10 km südöstl. von Scardona beim h. Danilo Kraljice. Urspr. auf einer Anhöhe errichtet, wurde R. in röm. Zeit in die Ebene (Danilsko polje) verlegt. Zuerst ein einfacher vicus unter magistri, erhielt R. in der frühen Kaiserzeit eine vexillatio der legio VII Claudia (CIL III 2772) zum Schutz der Straße Salona - Scardona. Spätestens unter den Flaviern (E. 1. Jh. n. Chr.) wurde R. municipium, dessen duoviri das röm. Bürgerrecht erhielten (CIL III 2026; 2774; 12815a). Die Riditae trugen illyrische …

Naraku Stoma

(167 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] (Ναράκου στόμα, lat. Naracustoma). Einer der Mündungsarme der Donau (Istros [2]; Plin. nat. 4,79; Apoll. Rhod. 4,310ff.; Arr. per. p. E. 24,1; Anon. peripl. m. Eux. 67; Amm. 22,8,45; Solin. 13,1). Von Apollonios wird er nördl. des Kalon Stoma (καλὸν στόμα) genannten Mündungsarmes angesiedelt, während Arrianos und der Anonymus ihn südl. davon ansetzen; Plinius, Ammianus und Solinus lokalisieren das N.S. wie Apollonios zw. dem Kalon Stoma und der Peuke. Heute entspricht das N.S. dem F…

Salvium

(134 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Stadt im Gebiet der Dalmatae (CIL XIII 6538; 14249,2: S. [1. 121]; Ptol. 2,17,9: Σαλουία; Itin. Anton. 269,4: Salviae), nach der Eroberung durch die Römer 6-9 n. Chr. in der Prov. Dalmatia an der Straße Salona - Servitium, h. Podgradina bei Glamoc̆polje oder Halapić (Bosnien). Municipium seit Hadrianus (CIL XIII 6538). Kult des Silvanus Silvestris (CIL XIII 13985; vgl. [2]). Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography 1 C. Patsch, Unt. zur Gesch. der röm. Prov. Dalmatia, in: Wiss. Mitt. aus Bosnien 11, 1909, 104-183 2 A. und J. Šašel, Inscriptiones Latina…

Lissos

(298 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Moesi, Moesia | Punische Kriege | Straßen (Λισσός, lat. Lissus). Stadt mit Hafen beim h. Lezhë in Albanien am linken Ufer des Drin, der durch ein Lagunengebiet hindurch oberhalb der ant. Stadt ins Meer mündet. Wo Diod. 15,13,4 L. eine Gründung des Dionysios [1] I. 385 v.Chr. nennt, verwechselt er offenbar L. mit Issa, was albanische Grabungen beweisen, die eine gegen die See, nicht aber gegen das Land hin gerichtete Verteidigungsposition von L. na…

Noes

(53 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] (Νόης, lat. Novas, Noas). Rechter Nebenfluß des Istros [2], der in Ost-Thrakia entspringt (Hdt. 4,49; Val. Fl. 4,719; 6,100) und durch das Gebiet der Krobyzoi fließt. Evtl. identisch mit dem h. Osâm. Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. N., RE 17, 810  D. Detschew, Die thrak. Sprachreste, 1957, 332.

Promona

(174 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] (Πρωμόνα). Stadt in Dalmatia (App. Ill. 34; 72-77; Strab. 7,5,5: Πρώμονα; Tab. Peut. 6,1; Geogr. Rav. 211; CIL III 149692: pagani Promonenses), beim h. Tepljù, ca. 40 km nordwestl. von Šibenik an der Route Šibenik - Knin, am Fuß des Promina (1148 m). Dalmatae und andere Illyrii eroberten im J. 51 v. Chr. die liburnische Festung P. Um P. den Liburni zurückzugeben, intervenierte Caesar vergebens. 34 v. Chr. nahmen Agrippa [1] und der nachmalige Augustus P. den Dalmatae unter ihrem einheimischen Führer …

Pyretos

(83 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] (Πυρετός). Der östlichste linke Nebenfluß des Istros [2] (Donau), er entspricht also dem h. Prut. Herodot, der einzige ant. Autor, der den P. erwähnt, hält ihn (Hdt. 4,48) wegen seiner enormen Wasserführung für den wichtigsten Nebenfluß des Istros. Etwa 830 km lang, entspringt er in den Karpathen und durchquert Gebiete, die in der Ant. zu Skythia (dort Πόρατα genannt; Skythai) gerechnet wurden. Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) Bibliography H. Treidler, s. v. P. (3), RE 24, 19-22  TIR L 35 Romula, 1969, 60.

Parthini

(437 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] ( Partini, Partheni, Παρθῖνοι, Παρθεηνᾶται). Illyrischer Volksstamm (Strab. 7,7,8; App. Ill. 2) nahe Dyrrhachion (App. civ. 5,320). Er siedelte wohl im Tal des Shkumbi (h. Albania) und kontrollierte den wichtigen, der späteren Via Egnatia entsprechenden Verbindungsweg vom Ionios Kolpos nach Makedonia. Die östl. Nachbarn der P. waren die Dassaretai (Dassaretia) in der Gegend vom h. Ohrid, die westl. Nachbarn die Taulantii (Thuk. 1,24; Diod. 12,30-40). Erstmals lit. erwähnt werden di…

Marus

(104 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] Linker Nebenfluß des Istros (Donau), h. March in Moravia (Tac. ann. 2,63; Plin. nat. 4,81); der Name bedeutet german. “langsam”; nicht zu verwechseln mit Máris bei Hdt. 4,48 oder mit Márisos bei Strab. 7,3,13. Bed. Handelsstraße nordwärts zum Mare Balticum. Nach der Kapitulation des Maroboduus 19 n.Chr. siedelten die Römer die Marcomanni zw. dem M. und der Cusus unter der Herrschaft des Königs Vannius, eines Quaden, an (Tac. 2,63). Nach Plin. nat. 4,81 trennte der M. die Suebi und das Reich des Vannius von den Bastarnae und anderen german. Stämmen. Cabanes, Pierre (Cl…

Ister, Istrus

(810 words)

Author(s): Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin)
[German version] [1] Modern Danube (ὁ Ἴστρος/ ho Ístros; Hister, Danuvius, Danubius, Δάνυβις; Dánybis, the modern Danube). According to Apoll. Rhod. 4, the  Argonautae (with map of the journey of the Argonauts) must have returned from the Black Sea by way of the I. and its tributaries, in order to reach the mare Adriaticum. Hdt. 4,33 is probably describing the same route that the  Hyperborei took from Scythia to Dodona. The Greeks long knew primarily the lower reaches of the I. Hdt. 4,48f. describes the I. as the most important of the rivers known…

Istros

(1,149 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand) | Burian, Jan (Prag) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin)
[English version] [1] Insel mit gleichnamiger Stadt vor dem Vorgebirge Triopion (Ἴστρος). Bei Steph. Byz. s.v. I. bezeugte Insel mit gleichnamiger Stadt vor dem Vorgebirge Triopion (Deveboynu Burnu bzw. Kıriyo Burnu) bei Knidos. Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) [English version] [2] h. Donau (ὁ Ἴστρος, Hister, Danuvius, Danubius, Δάνυβις, h. Donau). Nach Apoll. Rhod. 4 sollen die Argonautai (mit Karte zur Argonautenfahrt) vom Schwarzen Meer über den I. und seine Nebenflüsse zurückgekehrt sein, um zum mare Adriaticum zu gelangen. Hdt. 4,33 beschreibt wohl denselben Weg, d…

Nymphaion

(651 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) | Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Cabanes, Pierre (Clermont-Ferrand)
[English version] [1] Hafenbucht westl. vom Kap Malea [1] (Νύμφαιον). Hafenbucht westl. vom Kap Malea [1] mit kleiner Siedlung bei einer Kapelle der Hagia Marina (Paus. 3,23,2). Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) Bibliography E. Meyer, s.v. N. (1), RE 17, 1600. [English version] [2] Ant. und h. Name der Südspitze der Halbinsel Akte (Νυμφαῖον). Ant. und h. Name der Südspitze der Halbinsel Akte (h. Athos). Belege: Strab. 7a,1,32; Ptol. 3,13,11. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) [English version] [3] Ort an der Küste des Schwarzen Meeres Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: …

Nymphaeum

(1,502 words)

Author(s): Nielsen, Inge (Hamburg) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) | Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Et al.
I. Sanctuary [German version] A. Etymology and definition The word νυμφαῖον/ nymphaîon is first attested in the 4th cent. BC, on Delos (IG XI,2,144, A l. 91). It originally designated a sanctuary of the nymphs. A nymphaeum is first attested in Itanus on Crete in the 3rd cent. BC together with a water reservoir (ILS 9458). The Latinised form nymphaeum is first found in Pomponius Mela (first half of the 1st cent. AD, Mela 2,3), for a nymph sanctuary in Chersonessus. Conversely, Plinius (HN 35,151) used the word nymphaeum to describe a well with a statue in it (Corinth). The modern t…
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