Ḥadīth qudsī (plur.
aḥādīth qudsiyya, lit., holy tradition; also
ḥadīth rabbānī, plur.
aḥādīth ilāhiyya/rabbāniyya, lit., divine tradition;
khabar, report, plur.
akhbār, sometimes used instead of
ḥadīth) designates a direct-discourse statement ascribed to God—hence the preferred translation “divine saying”—that is not from the Qurʾān but is reported normally in
ḥadīth format, with supporting
isnād (chain of transmitters), on the authority of the prophet Muḥammad. A divine saying is distinguished formally from a Qurʾānic revelation…