[German Version] I. The Term – II. New Testament – III. History of Doctrine – IV. Dogmatics
I. The Term The earliest meaning of
justification (like Ger.
Rechtfertigung) was “administration of justice,” “legal process,” “execution of sentence,” even “capital punishment” (Elert), but early on it could also stand for defense and acquittal. In modern times it has come to be used only in the sense of vindication or legitimation. Hebrew צְדָקָה/
ṣĕdāqāh and Greek δικαíωσις/
dikaíōsis emphasize the declaration of justness, Latin
iustificatio the creation of justness. The Old and…