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Erchia

(289 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἐρχία). Att. Mesogeia-Demos der Phyle Aigeis, h. Spata. Sieben (sechs) Buleutai, elf nach 307/6 v.Chr. Xenophon (Diog. Laert. 2,48) und Isokrates (Steph. Byz. s.v. E.) waren demótai von E., Alkibiades besaß in E. 300 Plethra (ca. 26,5 ha) Land. Die lex sacra von E. aus Pussiri südl. Spata (SEG 21, 541; [1-7]) verzeichnet 59 jährliche Opfer mit 547 Drachmen Gesamtkosten. 21 der 46 Kulte sind allg. auf dem Gebiet von E. lokalisiert (Ἐρχι, Ἐρχιᾶ, Ἐρχιᾶσιν), einer auf der Agora von E., neun davon ἐμ Πάγῳ, d.h. auf einem H…

Kerameis

(171 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Κεραμεῖς). Att. Asty-Demos, Phyle Akamantis, 6 buleutaí . Demotikon: ἐκ Κεραμέων. Die Örtlichkeit wird in den Quellen [1. LXXf.] stets Kerameikos gen. Schönster Vorort von Athenai (Thuk. 2,34,5; Athenai, Lageplan) innerhalb und nordwestl. außerhalb des Dipylon zw. der Hl. Straße nach Eleusis und der Straße zur Akademeia. Die hóroi Kerameíku an dieser (IG II2 2617-2619) markieren entgegen [2. 167; 5. 300; 6. 29109; 7] wohl die Demosgrenze (zu solchen [4]). K. war Ausgangspunkt des Festzugs an den Panathenaia; Töpferviertel und vornehmste…

Eiresidai

(104 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Εἰρεσίδαι). Att. Asty-Demos der Phyle Akamantis. Ein (bzw. zwei) Buleut(ai). Da ein Grundstück Platons in E. westl. an den Kephisos (Diog. Laert. 3,41) grenzte, der vermutlich die Grenze des Demos bildete, lag E. wohl westl. des Kolonos Hippios und nordwestl. der platon. Akademie (nordwestl. Fund einer Grabinschr. des 4. Jh.v.Chr. von zwei dēmótai aus E. [1. 8 Abb. 8]) zw. dem Hodos Kephissou und dem Leophoros Athenon. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 P.D. Stavropullos, Ἀνασκαφαὶ Ἀρχαίας Ἀκαδημείας [Anaskaphaí Archaías Akadēmeías], in: Praktika…

Lydai

(118 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Lykioi, Lykia (Λύδαι). Ort in Lykia (s. Karte) an der SW-Küste von Kleinasien am Golf von Telmessos, 2,4 km westl. von Fethiye (Ptol. 5,3,2; GGM 1, 494f. Nr. 259f., Κλύδαι). Die Identifizierung ist durch Inschr. gesichert (TAM 2,1 Nr. 41, 49). Ausgedehnte kaiserzeitliche und frühbyz. Ruinen auf dem Vorgebirge Kapı Dağ (wohl dem ant. Kap Artemision: Strab. 14,2,2) sowie der benachbarten Tersane Adası. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography G.E. Bean, s.v. L., PE, 536  Ders., Kleinasien 4, 1980, 43-45  P. Roos, Topograp…

Lamptrai

(244 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Λαμπτραί). Att. Demos der Phyle Erechtheis, 307/6-201/0 v.Chr. der Antigonis, der aus dem kleineren Mesogeia-Demos “Ober-L.” (Λ. καθύπερθεν) mit fünf buleutaí und dem größeren Küsten-Demos “Unter-L.” (Λ. ὑπένερθεν oder παράλοι, “an der Küste”), mit neun buleutaí bestand (Harpokr. s.v. Λαμπτρεῖς; Hesych. s.v. Λαμπτρά). Ober-L. umfaßte Lambrika, das den Namen bewahrt, mit Demenzentrum bei Kitsi, dort bed. frühmyk. Akropole von Kiapha Thiti und myk. Nekropole [1. 54; 4; 6; 8. 118ff.; 9]. Unter-L. lag im Tal von Port…

Iphistiadai

(109 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἰφιστιάδαι). Att. Asty-Demos der Phyle Akamantis, stellte einen Buleuten. Ein Grundstück Platons grenzte im Süden an das Herakleion von I. (Diog. Laert. 3,41), das aufgrund einer Horosinschr. (IG II2 2611) 4 km südwestl. Kephisia am SW-Rand vom h. Iraklion (ehem. Arakli) anzusetzen ist und den ant. Namen bewahrte [1; 2; 3. 47]. Einen eponymen Heros Iphistios bezeugt Hesychios s.v. Ἰ. [4. 210]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 G. Klaffenbach, Zwei neue Horossteine aus Attika, in: MDAI(A) 51, 1926, 21-25 2 P. Siewert, Die Trittyen Attikas und die Heer…

Paralia

(119 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Παραλία). Urspr. die Küstenregion von Attika, auch allg. die Region östl. des Hymettos. Seit der Phylenreform des Kleisthenes [2] ([5. 157ff.]; Attika, mit Karte) bestand jede der 10 att. Phylai aus je einer Asty-, Mesogeia- und P.-Trittys (“Drittel”) von Demoi (Aristot. Ath. pol. 21,4) [1; 3. 251ff.; 5. 159]. In klass. Zeit umfaßten die 10 P.-Trittyes ca. 40 Demoi [4. 125ff.]. Eine Grenzmarkierung zw. P. und Mesogeia im oberen Vari-Tal ist unsicher [2. 158f.]. Asty; Demos [2]; Mesogeia; Phyle; Trittyes Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 M.H. Hansen, Ast…

Hippotomadai

(52 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἱπποτο/αμάδαι). Att. Asty?-Demos der Phyle Oineis, von 307/6 bis 201/200 v.Chr. der Demetrias, mit einem buleutḗs. Lage unbekannt. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography E. Meyer, s.v. H., RE Suppl. 10, 325f.  Traill, Attica, 9, 19, 49, 62, 70, 110 Nr. 56, Tab. 6, 12  Ders., Demos and Trittys, 1986, 133.

Agryle

(105 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἀγρυλή). Att. Asty-Demos (Ober- und Unter-A.) der Phyle Erechtheis (Trittys Euonymeis), 306-201 v. Chr. der Antigonis, nach 200 v. Chr. der Attalis, mit 3-5 Buleutai, angrenzend an Ankyle (IG II2 2776 Z. 58-59 [2. 70]) am Westhang des Hymettos, oberhalb des Panathenäen-Stadions (Harpokr. s. v. Ἀρδηττός/Ardettos, Strab. 9,1,24) beim h. Pankrati. Panathenaia; Trittyes Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 37, 59, 62, 67 ff., 109 Nr. 3, 4, 123, 125, Tab. 1 2 S. G. Miller, A Roman Monument in the Athenian Agora, in: Hesperia 41, 1972, 70 Z. 58 3 J. S. Tr…

Kikynna

(53 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Κίκυννα). Att. Mesogeia-Demos der Phyle Akamantis, 2 (3) buleutaí. Nur ein Demos K. ist bezeugt [1. 83; 3. 20]. Lage unsicher (Chalidu? [1. 48; 2]). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 19, 48, 59, 68, 83, 110 Nr. 67, Tab. 5 2 J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 132 3 Whitehead, Index s.v. K.

Anakaia

(74 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἀνακαία). Att. Demos der Phyle Hippothontis (IG II2 2377), deren geogr. Schwerpunkt um Eleusis und in der Thriasia. 3 Buleutai. Trittys und Lage ungewiß, evtl. bei Mygdaleza [2. 137] oder im Kundura-Tal mit Demenzentrum bei Hagios Giorgios [1. 61 ff.]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. Lohmann, Das Kastro von H. Giorgios (“Ereneia”), in: MarbWPr 1988, 34-66 2 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986 3 Ders., Attica, 52, 68, 109 (Nr. 11), Tab. 8.

Prospalta

(135 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Πρόσπαλτα). Att. Mesogeia-Demos, Phyle Akamantis, ab 224/3 v. Chr. Ptolemaïs, mit fünf buleutaí, bei Enneapyrgi nordwestl. von Kalivia Kuvaras, dem FO mehrerer Grabinschr. von Prospáltioi (IG II2 7306; 7311; [2. 129, 1292]), lokalisiert. Pausanias erwähnt ein Heiligtum der Demeter und Kore in P. (Paus. 1,31,1). IG II2 4817 (FO: Hagios Petros) ist verm. aus Myrrhinus hierher verschleppt, wo der Kult der Artemis Kolainis bezeugt ist [1. 9 ff.]. Eupolis kritisiert Perikles' Kriegspolitik in der Komödie Prospáltioi (die Einwohner P.s galten als prozeßsüc…

Echelidai

(81 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἐχελίδαι, von ἕλος, “Sumpf”?). Örtlichkeit ( dḗmos nach Steph. Byz. s.v. E.; Etym. m. s.v. Ἔχελος) in Attika in der Mündungsebene des Kephisos nahe der nach Phaleron führenden “Langen Mauer”, etwas nördl. des h. Neofaliron auf dem Gebiet des Demos Xypete [2; 3. 87]. Judeich und Milchhöfer [1; 2] vermuten hier den Hippodromos von Athenai. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 W. Judeich, Top. von Athen, 21931, 456 2 A. Milchhöfer, s.v. E., RE 5, 1911 3 Traill, Attica, 50, 86f., 114 Nr. 10.

Cholleidai

(77 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] In der Phyle Leontis inschr. [2. 99f.] unter den Asty-Demen aufgeführt, nicht jedoch in IG II2 2362 (200 v.Chr.); mit vier (?) Buleutai. Lage umstritten, wohl Acharnai benachbart, s. Aristoph. Ach. 406. Archedemos, der die Nymphengrotte bei Vari ausgestaltete (Anagyrus), war in Ch. eingebürgert. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, 18ff., 109 (Nr. 29), Tab. 4 2 Ders., Diakris, the inland trittys of Leontis, in: Hesperia 47, 1978, 89-109 3 Whitehead, 332 mit Anm. 35, 425.

Krioa

(93 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Κριώα). Att. Asty(?)-Demos der Phyle Antiochis. Mit einem, ab 307/6 v.Chr. zwei buleutaí. Lage ungewiß, wegen genealogischer Beziehungen des eponymen Heros Krios (schol. Aristoph. Av. 645) zu Pallas wird eine Nähe zu Pallene vermutet [1; 2. 3732]. Die Grabinschr. IG II2 6108 der Frau eines Κριωεύς stammt aus Kypseli. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 E. Honigmann, s.v. K., RE 11, 1866 2 P.J. Bicknell, Akamantid Eitea, in: Historia 27, 1978, 369-374. Traill, Attica 23, 54 mit Anm. 27, 59, 69, 111 Nr. 77, Tab. 10  J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 139.

Koile

(150 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Κοίλη, auch Κοιλή). Att. Asty-Demos der Phyle Hippothontis, von 307/6 bis 201/0 v.Chr. der Demetrias, mit drei buleutaí, im urspr. dicht besiedelten, aber schon im 4. Jh.v.Chr. verlassenen [5] “Felsathen” südwestl. der Pnyx zw. Nymphenhügel und Museion, nahe dem Melitischen Tor [2. 168f.] an der K. hodós [2. 180], dort auch Gräber des Kimon [1] (Hdt. 6,103) und des Historikers Thukydides (Marcellinus, Vita Thucydidis 17,55; Paus. 1,23,9). K. bewahrt eines der best erh. Wohnviertel des klass. Athen [1; 3; 4]. Athenai Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 E. Cur…

Assesos

(219 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἀσσησός). Vorgriech. Ort mit karischem Namen auf dem Polis-Territorium von Miletos (Steph. Byz. s.v.A.), ca. 6,5 km südöstl. der Metropole mit bedeutendem extramuralen Heiligtum der Athena Assesia, das der lyd. König Alyattes im 6. Regierungsjahr (kurz vor 600 v.Chr.) niederbrannte, dann aber auf Geheiß des delph. Orakels erneuerte (Hdt. 1,19-22). Stadt und Heiligtum wurden 1992 östl. des Mengereb Dağ oberhalb des Defilées entdeckt, durch das die Straße Söke /Milas führt. Sondag…

Araphen

(109 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Ἀραφήν). Att. Paralia-Demos der Phyle Aigeis (IG II2 1747; 2 Buleutai) an der Ostküste westl. von Raphina, das den Namen bewahrt hat. Ant. Reste (vgl. [1. 39]) in der modernen Bebauung untergegangen. In Askitario befestigtes proto-urbanes Zentrum (Frühhelladisch II) [2; 3]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 A. Milchhoefer, Erläuternder Text, in: E. Curtius, J. A. Kaupert (Hrsg.), Karten von Attika 3-6, 1889 2 D. Theocharis, Ανασκαφη εν Αραφηι, in: Praktika 1951, 77-92; 1952, 129-151; 1953, 105-118; 1954, 104-113; 1955, 109-117 3 Ders., Ασκηταριο. Πρω…

Myus

(229 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Achaimenidai | Attisch-Delischer Seebund | Perserkriege (Μυοῦς). Kleine Hafenstadt in Ionia am ehemaligen Latmischen Golf, h. 18 km vom Meer entfernt bei Avşar Kale. M. stellte als Mitglied der panion. amphiktyonía (Hdt. 1,142) drei Schiffe in der Seeschlacht bei Lade 494 v.Chr. (Hdt. 6,8). Im 5. Jh.v.Chr. im Besitz des Themistokles (Thuk. 1,138), dann im Attisch-Delischen Seebund (ATL 4, Index s.v. M.), verlor M. im 3. Jh. seine polit. Selbständig…

Lusia

(93 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[English version] (Λουσία). Att. Demos der Asty-Trittys der Phyle Oineïs und dessen eponyme Heroine (Steph. Byz. s.v. Λ.) [1], ein buleutḗs. Verm. im Kephissos-Tal westl. von Athen zu lokalisieren. Grabinschr. eines Lusieus in Hag. Theodoroi in Nea Liossia (IG II2 6756); aus L. stammte Erde für den Bau des Eleusinion von Athen (IG II2 1672 Z. 195). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Whitehead, 210. Traill, Attica, 49, 69, 111 Nr. 86 Tab. 6  J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 133  P. Siewert, Die Trittyen Attikas und die Heeresreform des Kleisthenes, 1982, 40f., 97.

Hagnus

(134 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἁγνοῦς; Hagnoûs, originally Ἀγνοῦς; Agnoûs). Attic mesogeia deme of the Acamantis phyle, from 307/6 BC of Demetrias, from 200/199 BC of Attalis; it provided five   bouleutaí . Formerly located near Dankla east of Markopoulo [1. 48], now to the southwest near Dardiste [2. 132], on the basis of the finding-place of the deme decree IG II2 1083 attributed erroneously in this collection to Myrrhinus. Leon, who had betrayed to Theseus the ambush of the Pallantids at Gargettus, was accorded a cult in H. (Steph. Byz. s.v. Ἁ.) [3. 12]. The o…

Sphettus

(114 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Σφηττός; Sphēttós). Attic mesogeia deme of the Acamantis phyle, with five (seven) bouleutaí, counted part of the Attic Dodekapolis (Str. 9,1,20), and located, on the basis of honorary inscriptions by the  Sphettii for Demetrius [4] (SEG 25, 206), in the northwest of Coropi; the Bronze Age fortress Kastro tou Christou is situated here [1]. The Sphēttía Hodós ('S. Road' ) connected S. with Athens [2]. The Sphettii were considered witty (Aristoph. Plut. 720). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 R. Hope Simpson, Mycenaean Greece, 1981, 50 B 33 2 Ch. Korres, Σφηττία…

Paeonidae

(58 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Παιονίδαι/ Paionídai). Attic mesogeia deme of the Leontis phyle on the Parnes, with three bouleutaí. According to Hdt. 5,62, the fortress of Leipsydrium (which has not yet been located), was above P. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 47, 62, 68, table 4  J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 55, 63, 130  Whitehead, Index s.v. P.

Cecropis

(132 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κεκροπίς; Kekropís). After the phyle reforms of  Cleisthenes [2] the seventh of the 10 phyles of Attica ( Attica with map); its eponymous hero:  Cecrops. At the time of the 10 phyles, C. comprised 11 (four asty, five mesogeia, and two paralia) demes. From 307/6 to 201/0 BC, Daedalidae, Melite and Xypete changed over to Demetrias. In line with the other Cleisthenian phyles, C. transferred one deme each to the phyles of Ptolemaïs (224/3 BC), Attalis (200 BC), and Hadrianis (AD 127/8). Instead of eight, only six demes appear in the list of prytanes IG II2 1782 of AD 177/8. …

Rhamnus

(549 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ῥαμνοῦς; Rhamnoûs). Large Attic Paralia-Demos, phyle Aiantis, with eight (twelve) bouleutaí, in the northern section of the east coast of Attica (formerly Ovriokastro). The urban centre of Ῥαμνουσία/ Rhamnousía, strongly fortified during the 4th cent. BC and including a citadel from 413/2 BC [3. 77 f., 80 f.] for the garrison, first documented for 342/1 BC (SEG 43,71), lies on an isolated rocky plateau. Conquered in 295 BC by Demetrius [I 2] Poliorketes, R. soon fell to Athens again and was a base for the a…

Sellasia

(204 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta | Achaeans, Achaea (Σελ(λ)ασία/ Sel(l)asía). Polis (Diod. 15,64,1) of Spartan períoikoi in the Oenus [1] valley about 10 km to the north of Sparta and 5 km to the east of the modern town of S., governing northern access into Laconica. There is evidence of a fortified settlement on the hill of Palaiogoulas with finds from the 5th-2nd cent. BC, and a phroúrion ('fortress') on Mt. Hagios Konstantinos at an elevation of 831 m [1; 3]. S. was destroyed in 389/8 BC by Chabrias, after the battle of Leuctr…

Hestiaea

(49 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἑστιαία; Hestiaía). Attic asty deme of the Aegis phyle, with one bouleutḗs, given the road connexion with Ancyle (Harpocr. s.v. τρικέφαλον) presumably northeast of Athens at Cholargus. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 39, 70, 110 no. 55, table 2 Id., Demos and Trittys, 1986, 127.

Cedi

(103 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κηδοί; Kēdoí). Attic deme of the phyle Erechtheis, two   bouleutaí . Its location is uncertain, hardly near Kara (as in [3]), the finding place of the deme decree IG II2 1212, which apparently was released neither by C. nor by Themacus [4. 392]. Epitaphs point to a possible location east of the  Hymettus range, possibly near Koropi: [1. 100 no. 118, 103 no. 137; 2]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 A. Milchhoefer, Antikenbericht aus Attika, in: MDAI(A) 12, 1887, 81-104 2 Traill, Attica, 7; 38; 69; 110 no. 61, table 1 3 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 125 4 Whi…

Titacidae

(84 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Τιτακίδαι; Titakídai). Kṓmē in the area of the 'constitutional' Attic deme of Aphidna, which moved with the latter from the phyle of Aeantis [1] (Harpocr. s. v. Τ.; EM s. v. Τ.; Steph. Byz. s. v. Τ.: Antiochis) to Ptolemaïs [10] (IG II2 2050 Z. 74; 2067 Z. 63; [1. 50 no. 18]) in 224/3 BC. T. was not an independent deme until the Roman period. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J. H. Oliver, Greek Inscriptions, in: Hesperia 11, 1942, 29-103. Traill, Attica, 30, 88, 122 No. 42  Whitehead, 24 n. 83; 329.

Iustinianopolis

(78 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἰουστινιανόπολις; Ioustinianópolis). Place on the peninsula of Miletus ( Milesia), first mentioned in an inscription of the time of Justinian from the Sacred Way in  Didyma (unpublished). Possibly identical with Didyma, which, however, in Byzantine sources always appears as Tò Hierón (Τὸ Ἱερόν, from this Turkish Jeronda), or with a deserted city discovered in 1995 on the Gulf of Akbük [1. 304f.]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. Lohmann, Survey in der Chora von Milet, in: AA 1997, 285-311.

Peleces

(69 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πήληκες; Pḗlēkes). Attic deme in the mesogaia of the phyle Leontis, with two bouleutaí. Along with Cropidae and Eupyridae P. constituted a cultural trikōmía ("three village union"; Steph. Byz. s.v. Εὐπυρίδαι/ Eurypídai; [2. 185 with n. 46]) and was thus probably situated north of the Aegaleos (near modern Chassia? [1. 47]). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 47, 62, 69, 111 no. 104, Tab. 4 2 Whitehead, Index s.v. P.

Phlya

(151 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Φλύα; Phlýa). Large Attic Mesogeia deme belonging to the Cecropis phyle and from 224/3 BC on to the Ptolemaïs phyle, with five? (six?) bouleutaí; located at modern Chalandri northeast of Athens, bordering Athmonon (IG II2 2776,49). In addition to numerous cults (Apollo, Artemis, Athena, Zeus, Nymphs: Paus. 1,34,4; [1]), rural Dionysia are attested for P. (Isaius 8,15f.). After its destruction by the Persians Themistocles renewed the age-old sanctuary to the 'Great Goddess' attended by the Lycomidae (Plut. Themist…

Iphistiadae

(127 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἰφιστιάδαι; Iphistiádai). Attic asty deme of the phyle Acamantis, providing one bouleutes. A plot of land owned by Plato was immediately adjacent in the south to the Herakleion of I. (Diog. Laert. 3,41), which according to a horos-inscription (IG II2 2611) is to be located 4 km southwest of Cephisia on the southwestern edge of the modern Iraklion (formerly Arakli) and which has retained its ancient name [1; 2; 3. 47]. An eponymous hero Iphistius is confirmed in Hesychius s.v. Ἰ. [4. 210]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 G. Klaffenbach, Zwei neue Horosstein…

Hybanda

(116 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ὑβάνδα; Hybánda). Former island in the  Icarian Sea (Plin. HN 2,91), modern Özbaşı 13.5 km south of Söke, which rises about 70 m above the  Maiandrou pedion. The Maeander [2], 1 km southeast of Özbaşı, today follows the ancient coast line. The extent of Hybandis, the chṓra of H., is uncertain. In the east it extended to the river Hybandus (modern Kargın Çayı), which a peace agreement fixed in 185/80 BC as the boundary between Miletus [2] and Magnesia [2] [1; 2]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 P. Herrmann, Neue Urkunden zur Geschichte von Milet im 2. Jh. …

Lydae

(131 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Lycii, Lycia (Λύδαι; Lýdai). Place in Lycia (see map) on the south-west coast of Asia Minor on the Gulf of Telmessus, 2,4 km west of Fethiye (Ptol. 5,3,2; GGM 1, 494f. no. 259f., Κλύδαι; Klýdai). The identification has been secured by inscriptions (TAM 2,1 no. 41, 49). Extended Imperial and early Byzantine ruins on the cape Kapı Dağ (possibly the ancient Cape Artemisium: Str. 14,2,2) as well as the nearby Tersane Adası. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography G. E. Bean, s.v. L., PE, 536 Id., Kleinasien 4, 1980, 43-45 P. Roos, Topograp…

Phegus

(46 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Φηγοῦς; Phēgoûs). Attic mesogeia (?) deme of the Erechtheis phyle, with one bouleutḗs. Demotikon Φηγούσιος/ Phēgoúsios (Steph. Byz. s.v. Φ.). Location unknown. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 38, 62, 70, 112 Nr. 110, Tab. 1  J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 126.

Pithus

(82 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πίθος). Attic Mesogeia deme of the Cecropis phyle with three (four or five) bouleutaí, probably in the northeast of Chalandri. There is evidence of Thesmophória in P. (Isaeus 8,19f.). P formed an association with the neighbouring demes of Gargettus and Pallene [3] for the cult of Athena Pallenis. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 51, 59, 62, 68, 112 Nr. 115, Tab. 7  J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 4, 11, 13f., 21f., 24f., 13534  Whitehead, Index s.v. P.

Lusia

(103 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Λουσία; Lousía). Attic deme of the asty trittys of the phyle Oineis and its eponymous heroine (Steph. Byz. s.v. Λ.) [1], one bouleutḗs. Presumably located in the Kephissos valley west of Athens. Funerary inscriptions of a ‘ Lousieus’ in Hag. Theodoroi in Nea Liossia (IG II2 6756); earth for the building of the Eleusinion of Athens came from L. (IG II2 1672 l. 195). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Whitehead, 210. Traill, Attica, 49, 69, 111 no. 86 table 6 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 133 P. Siewert, Die Trittyen Attikas und die Heeresreform des Kleisth…

Prospalta

(140 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πρόσπαλτα/ Próspalta). Attic mesogeia deme, phyle Akamantis, from 224/3 BC Ptolemaïs, with five bouleutaí, located at Enneapyrgi northwest of Kalivia Kuvaras, the site where several funerary inscriptions of Prospáltioi were found (IG II2 7306; 7311; [2. 129, 1292]). Pausanias mentions a sanctuary of Demeter and Kore at P. (Paus. 1,31,1). IG II2 4817 (site: Hagios Petros) was probably transported here from Myrrhinus, where the cult of Artemis Kolainis is attested [1. 9 ff.]. Eupolis criticizes Pericles' war policy in the comedy Prospáltioi (the inhabitants o…

Terracing

(476 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] Terracing is used worldwide in settlement areas with considerably variable surface relief to extend the usable agricultural area and increase yields, and to this day it characterizes the appearance of many Greek landscapes. By reshaping steep slopes into a number of gently sloping or horizontal steps, water retention is improved, root formation is promoted, soil erosion is retarded and working the land is made easier. Most terraces in the Mediterranean may have their origin in the…

Erchia

(295 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἐρχία; Erchía). Attic mesogeia deme of the Aegeis phyle; the modern Spata. Seven (six)  bouleutai, eleven after 307/6 BC. Xenophon (Diog. Laert. 2,48) and Isocrates (Steph. Byz. s.v. E.) were demótai of E.; Alcibiades possessed 300 plethra ( c. 26.5 ha.) of land in E. The lex sacra of E. from Pussiri south of Spata (SEG 21, 541; [1-7]) lists 59 annual sacrifices at a total cost of 547 drachmas. 21 of the 46 cults are generally situated in the territory of E. (Ἐρχι, Ἐρχιᾶ, Ἐρχιᾶσιν): one on the agora of E.; nine of them ἐμ Πάγῳ, i.e. on a hill at E., which Vanderpool…

Halimus

(225 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἁλιμοῦς; Halimoûs). Attic asty-deme of the phyle Leontis, with three   bouleutaí (for population size [4. 286]), according to Str. 9,1,21 located on the west coast of Attica between Phalerum and Aexone 35 stadia (= 6.2 km) from the city (Dem. Or. 57,10). H., which bordered Euonymon in the east, lay near the modern Halimos and Hagios Kosmas, the ancient cape  Colias with the sanctuary of Demeter Thesmophoros and Kore (Paus. 1,31,1; Hsch. s.v. Κωλιάς; [1-3]; prehistorical s…

Eitea

(241 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
(Εἰτέα; Eitéa). [German version] [1] Attic asty (?) deme of the phyle Acamantis Attic asty(?) deme of the phyle Acamantis, from 307/6 to 201/0 BC of Antigonis, from AD 126/7 that of Hadrianis. Two bouleutai. The location is unknown (north-east Attica? [3. 140-142]). The fact that it belonged to the city trittys of Acamantis is deduced from the inscriptions [1] and IG II2 2363 ([2. 101]). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 B. D. Meritt, J. S. Traill, in: Agora 15, 50ff. no. 42 2 J. S. Traill, Diakris, the Inland Trittys of Leontis, in: Hesperia 47, 1978, 89-109 3 Id., Demos and Trit…

Plotheia

(101 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πλώθεια/ Plṓtheia; demoticon Πλωθεεύς/ Plōtheeús, Πλωθειεύς/ Plōtheieús, from the 4th century BC Πλωθεύς/ Plōtheús). A small Attic asty-deme, phyle of Aigeis, one bouleutḗs (later two). Its site to the southwest of modern Stamata on the northeastern slopes of Mount  Pentelicon is certain from votive inscriptions (IG II2 4607, 4885, 4916). The deme decree IG I3 258 (425/413 BC, ex IG II2 1172) governs finances, and attests to a dḗmarchos [3], tamíai ( tamías ) and cults of Apollo, Aphrodite and the Dioscuri (Anaces). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attic…

Thymaetadae

(78 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Attica (Θυμαιτάδαι; Thymaitádai). Attic asty deme of the Hippothontis phyle, two bouleutaí, probably to the northwest of Piraeus on the Bay of Keratsini, modern Ormos Erakleus. With Piraeus, Phaleron and Xypete, T. formed the tetrákōmoi cult federation (Poll. 4,105; IG II2 3102 f.) with a central sanctuary to Heracles (Steph. Byz. s. v. Ἐχελίδαι). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 21, 52, 69, 112 No. 138, Tab. 8.

Phegaea

(140 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Φηγαία/ Phēgaía, Φηγαιά/ Phēgaiá; demotikon Φηγαιεύς/ Phēgaieús). Attic p aralia deme of the phyle of Aigeis, from AD 127/8 of Hadrianis, with three (four) bouleutaí on the east coast of Attica (near what is today Draphi [3. 335] or Ierotsakuli? [1. 82 with note 12]). It was not an independent dêmos, but a kṓmē ('village community'; of Stiria?) that was established by the people of Phegaea, as included in the list of demes IG II2 2362 as one of the demes of Pandionis (cf. Steph. Byz. s.v. Φ.) [2. 55, 57ff.]. IG II2 1932,14f. shows evidence of cults of Hercules and th…

Cerameis

(208 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κεραμεῖς; Kerameîs). Attic asty deme of the phyle Acamantis, six   bouleutaí . Provenance from this deme is expressed by ἐκ Κεραμέων ( ek Keraméōn). Sources [1. LXXf.] consistently refer to the place as  Kerameikos. This was called the most beautiful of Athenian suburbs (Thuc. 2,34,5;  Athens, map), and was located inside -- and to the northwest outside -- the Dipylon Gate between Sacred Way to Eleusis and the road to the Academy. The hóroi Kerameíkou alongside the latter (IG II2 2617-2619) probably marked the deme border, contrary to [2. 167; 5. 300; 6. 29109; 7] (for…

Atene

(291 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀτήνη; Atḗnē). Attic paralia deme of average size (three   bouleutai ) of the phyle Antiochis on the south-west tip of Attica; name pre-Greek. Thus far the only deme which has been examined completely within its ancient borders. A. borders Anaphlystus in the north,  Amphitrope in the east (border inscription on the Megalo Baphi). The area of the deme covers, with the valleys of Charaka, Hagia Photini and Thimari, as well as the island Gaidouronisi, around 20 km2, of which only 22% (= 440 ha.) is agriculturally useful. In prehistoric times still not settl…

Epicephisia

(84 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἐπικηφισία; Epikēphisía). Attic asty deme of the phyle Oeneis. One (or two) bouleut(ai). The approximate location of E. in the Cephissus valley at  Laciadae is evident from the name and the site where the decree on deme was found IG II2 1205 at Dipylon, see [1. 40]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 P. Siewert, Die Trittyen Attikas und die Heeresreform des Kleisthenes, 1982. Traill, Attica 19, 49, 69, 110 no. 40, table 6 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 133 Whitehead, Index s.v. E.

Brauron

(719 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Mycenaean culture and archaeology | Attica (Βραυρών; Braurṓn), now Vraona. Prehistoric settlement and sanctuary of Artemis on the east coast of Attica at the mouth of the Erasinus that became marshy owing to land subsidence. According to Philochorus in Str. 9,1,22 (FGrH 328 F 94), one of the 12 poleis of the Attic Dodecapolis. Home of Peisistratus, probably therefore it did not become an independent demos in the Cleisthenian reforms but part of Philai…
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