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Abacaenum

(151 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀβάκαινον; Abákainon). Town of the Siculi on a steep hillside near the modern Tripi, c. 10 km south-east of the city of Tyndaris to which, at its foundation in 396 BC, Dionysius I added a large amount of A.'s territory (Diod. Sic. 14,78,5). Listed among the theorodokoi in  Delphi (beginning of 2nd cent. BC; IG XIV 382 a-d; [3. 420; 431]). Continued to exist into late antiquity. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 A. Bertino, Atti IV del Convegno di Numismatica Napoli, 1973, 105 ff. 2 R. Calciati (ed.), Corpus Nummorum Siculorum 1, 1983, 73-75 3 …

Hergetium

(142 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἑργέτιον; Hērgétion). Small town in the interior of Sicily, near Grammichele, and north of  Hybla [1] Heraea; it is mentioned in the Delphian list of the theōrodókoi (col. IV 106; cf. [1. 434f.] with a suggested localization in Ferla, [2. 133ff.32]), and also in an oracle of Dodona [4. 85f.], as well as in Steph. Byz. s.v. Segesta. For the ethnicon cf. bronze coins from Syracuse [3. 203]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Manganaro, Città di Sicilia e santuari panellenici nel III e II sec. a.C., in: Historia 13, 1964, 414-439 2 Id., Alla …

Ameselon

(116 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀμήσελον; Amḗselon). Settlement between  Centuripae and  Agyrium (Diod. Sic. 22,13,1) on Monte San Giorgio (Regalbuto) on the Salso; it was controlled by mercenaries (possibly  Mamertini), before its capture by  Hieron II in 270 BC, who divided its territory between the neighbouring towns of Centuripae and Agyrium. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography R. Calciati (ed.), Corpus Nummorum Siculorum 3, 1987, 333-336 G. Manganaro, Per la storia dei culti nella Sicilia greca, in: Il Tempio Greco in Sicilia, 1980, 148-165 Id., Per una storia …

Adranum (Hadranum)

(159 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀδρανόν/ Adranón, Hadranum). Founded c. 400 BC by Dionysios I near the Siculan sanctuary of Adranus on the western slopes of the volcano Aetna [1] (Diod. 14,37,4) on the Adranus (coins), a tributary of the Symaethus; modern Adrano, ancient remains. Timoleon, in alliance with A., defeated Hicetas near there (Diod. 16,68-69). A. was conquered by the Romans in 263 BC (Diod. 23,4,1); A. was given Ius Latii (Plin. 3,91). Near A. was the Siculan centre of Mendolito with inscriptions (IG XIV 567-572), coins and prehistoric pottery ware (Siculan collect…

Insulae Aegates

(101 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] An archipelago between Lilybaeum and Carthage (modern Favignana and Levanza). In 250 BC the Carthaginian fleet anchored here when called to aid by Lilybaeum (Pol. 1,44,2). In 241 BC the naval battle between C. Lutatius Catulus and Hanno (Pol. 1,60,4ff.), which decided the First Punic War, took place within sight of Favignana [1. 248f.]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 Huss. R. J. A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 228, 393 no. 179 G. Purpura, in: SicA 15/48, 1982, 56f.; 18/57-58, 1985, 59-86 A. M. Fallico, Sicilia: XII. Fa…

Herbita

(128 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sicily (Ἕρβιτα; Hérbita, Ἑρβίτα; Herbíta). Landlocked Siculian town. Archonides I of H. was a co-founder of Cale Acte (Diod. Sic. 12,8,2; 447/6 BC); Archonides II founded Halaesa after a fight and reconciliation with Dionysius I in 403 BC (Diod. Sic. 14,15,1; 14,16,1-4; 14,78,7). Other records: Cic. Verr. passim; decree of Entella (SEG 30, 1117); coins from M. Alburchia near Gangi [1]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 L. Dubois, Inscriptions grecques dialectales de Sicile, 1989, 25…

Agathyrnon

(125 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀγάθυρνον; Agáthyrnon). On the north coast of  Sicily between Tyndaris and Cale Acte, rather closer to Capo di Orlando than to S. Agata di Militello (location of a chorion ); founded by Agathyrnus, son of Aeolus [1] (Diod. Sic. 5,8), annexed by Tyndaris. In 210 BC, consul M. Valerius Laevinus deported 4,000 exiles from A., where they had settled, to  Bruttium (Liv. 26, 40, 16 f.). The eponymous hero, a standing youth, is depicted on a bronze coin (with corresponding legend). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography C. Franchina Scurria, Problemi del…

Inycon

(120 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἴνυκον; Ínykon). Place in Sicily (Hsch. s.v. Ἰνυκῖνος οἶνος; Steph. Byz. s.v. I.), whose wine was famous.  Charax identifies I. with Camicus, the residence of Cocalus (FGrH 103 F 58).  Hippocrates [4] of Gela held Scythes of Cos and Pythogenes captive in I., before they successfully escaped to Himera (Hdt. 6,23f.). The sophist Hippias is said to have earned more than twenty minai near the ‘small village of I.’ (Pl. Hp. mai. 282e). I. can be located between Selinus and Acragas, possibly near Camicus (modern S. Angelo Muxaro). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bi…

Capitium

(79 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Settlement in the Monti Nebrodi on Sicily, 1139 m above sea level, modern Capizzi (Cic. Verr. 3,4,103; Ptol. 3,4,7: Capitina civitas). Possibly to be added to the list of theorodokoi from Delphi (4,112); CIL X 2, 7462. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography R. C. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 149 s.v. Capizzi, BTCGI 4, 1985, 400-402 G. Manganaro, Alla ricerca di poleis mikrai della Sicilia centro-orientale, in: Orbis Terrarum 2, 1996, 136 n. 47.

Anapus

(107 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀναπος; Ánapos) River in  Sicily, rising from Monte Lauro near  Acrae and flows into the harbour of  Syracusae. Its delta is swampy and caused disease amongst besieging armies. According to myth, the river god was the lover of the nymph of the stream Cyane, which flows into the A. (Ov. Met. 5,409 ff.). He was venerated in the form of an ephebic statue ( Ephebia) (Ael. VH 2,33).  Dionysius I built gymnasia along the river (Diod. Sic. 15,13,5). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica (Ko…

Haluntium

(73 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sicily (Ἀλόντιον; Halóntion). City on the north coast of Sicily (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 1,51; Cic. Verr. 2,3,103; 2,4,51; Plin. HN 3,90; 14,80: viticulture), modern San Marco d'Anunzio. For the gymnasium of H., cf. SEG 26, 1060 (revision in [1]). For coin production cf. [2. 5-16]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Manganaro, Sikelika, 1988 2 F. Bianco, Archeologia Storica di Messina, 1993.

Hipana

(149 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἵπανα; Hípana). Small Siculan town (Pol. 1,24,8-13; Diod. Sic.23,9, manuscript Sittanan), mentioned in connection with the battles of the first Punic war in 261-258 BC. Steph. Byz. (s.v. Ἵ.) describes H. as a ‘town in the entourage of Carthage’ (πόλις περὶ Καρχηδόνα; pólis perì Karchēdóna). It was conquered with difficulty by the Romans in 258 BC. Its location on the Monte dei Cavalli near modern Prizzi is ensured by bronze coins with a bull (reverse) and legend ΙΠΑ (truncated), which were reminted using Punic models. Further finds: silver lítrai after an Agrigentin…

Galaria

(129 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Town of the Siculi, localized by Rizzo [1. 67] near the Sicilian S. Mauro di Caltagirone. Only mentioned by Diodorus twice: in the context of the battle against the Carthaginians alongside  Entella in 334 BC (Diod. Sic. 16,67,3) and in the context of the 312/311 BC revolt against Agathocles (Diod. Sic. 19,104). Archaeological finds: rare silver lítrai, originating from the area north-west of Mineo (cf. [2. 84-87; 3. 36-39]). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. E. Rizzo, Monete greche di Sicilia, 1946 2 K. Jenkins, in: Atti di IV Con…

Heircte

(68 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Εἱρκτή/ Heirktḗ, Pol. 1,56,3; Ἐρκτή/ Erktḗ, Diod. Sic. 22,10,4). Extensive mountain massif hard to access near Panormus, in 278/7 BC captured from the Carthaginians by Pyrrhus, in 248 won back again by them and defended for three years against Roman attacks (Pol. 1,56f.; Diod. Sic. 33,20). It clearly refers to Monte Pellegrino (606 m) north of Palermo. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI 7, 1989, 343.

Cacyparis

(42 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Κακύπαρις; Kakýparis). River in eastern Sicily, rising near Palazzolo Acreide, its mouth 17 km south-west of Syracusae (Thuc. 7,80,5 on the retreat of the Athenians in 413 BC); modern Cassibile. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI 5, 45-53.

Cimissa

(89 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Κιμίσσα; Kimíssa). Town in Sicily, known from two silver coins ( lítra; hēmídrachmon) from the time of  Timoleon (mid 4th cent. BC); obverse: nymph's head, decorated with earrings, necklace and crown, bearing the legend ΟΜΟΝΟΙΑ, reverse: altar with burning sacrificial fire and the legend ΚΙΜΙΣΣΑΙΩΝ (finding-place: Raffe di Mussomeli Agrigento); that is also the probably location of C. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, Homonoia dei Kimissaioi, Eunomia dei Geloi e la ninfa (termitana) Sardó, in: U. Fellmeth, H. Sonnabend…

Assinarus

(92 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀσσίναρος, Ἀσίναρος; As[s]ínaros). River in Sicily, modern Noto, south of the Erineus, about 25 km from Syracuse, famous for the capitulation of the Athenians who sought safety there after the siege of Syracuse in 413 BC (Thuc. 7,84f.; Diod. Sic. 13,19,2; Plut. Nicias 27; Paus. 7,16,5). Endowment of a festival. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. A. Freeman, History of Sicily 3, 1892, 706f. E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica, Kokalos Suppl. 4, 1981, 100 M. Margani, Alcune questioni relative alla battaglia de…

Cale Acte

(133 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Καλὴ Ἀκτή; Kalḕ Áktē). Greek town on the northern coast of Sicily, founded in 446 BC by  Ducetius with the support of Archonides, the tyrant of Herbita (Diod. Sic. 12,8,2f.). As early as 495 BC,  Scythas of Zanclae had planned the foundation of an Ionian colony on that site. C.A. was probably first entered in around 200 BC into the lists of the theōrodókoi of Delphi. It was plundered by Verres (Cic. Verr. 2,3,101). Birth place of the rhetor  Caecilius [III 5]. Localized near the modern Caronia Marina. Remains of a reservoir, statue of a togatus. Coins: [1. 129f.]. Manganaro, …

Hykkara

(73 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ὕκκαρα; Hýkkara). Sicanian town in the northwest of  Sicily; a few remains near the sea north of modern Carini (compare the two place names), west of Palermo. H. was conquered in 415 BC by the Athenians who were allied to Segesta [1] and its inhabitants were enslaved ( Peloponnesian War D.). The hetaera Lais [2] was among the captives (Plut. Alcibiades 39; Ath. 13,588c). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)

Herbessus

(111 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sicily (Ἑρβησσός; Herbēssós). Siculian town, modern Montagna di Marzo near Piazza Armerina (Sicily), clearly identified through bronze coins and silver litrai. Literary references: Diod. Sic. 14,7,6-8 (404 BC); 78,7 (396 BC); 20,31,5 (309 BC); 23,8,1; Pol. 1,18,9 (attests, in the report on 262 BC, the geographical proximity of H. to Acragas). Other references: coin hoards of 214-212 BC from M. di Marzo; inscriptions in the Siculian language and script; Greek graffiti; a new, onomastically interesting type of clay glandes…

Hybla

(437 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
(Ὕβλα; Hýbla). [German version] [1] H. Megale/Heraea (Ὕ. Μεγάλη; H. Megálē, Ἡραία; Hēraía). The existence of H. is indisputable (differing: [6]), but the location of the city near Ragusa (on Sicily) is not clearly determined. Hippocrates, the ruler of H., died during the siege by the Siculans in 491 BC (Hdt. 7,155,1). H. had three bronze coin emissions with the legend Ὕβλας Μεγάλας, their circulation was limited to a small area (around Ragusa, Modica, Vizzini). Of great importance is the list of the theorodokoi of Delphi, in which Υβλας appears after Camarina and before Herget…

Cyttarinii

(98 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Κυτατταρῖνοι; Kytattarĩnoi). Community in the interior of Sicily; not located. Along with the Petrini and the Scherini the koinón of the C. paid a tax in wheat and barley to the synoikismós of  Entella [1. 264f. no. 208: 5th decree, l. 20]. In 254 BC the C. joined the Roman side in the 1st Punic War (Ἠνατταρῖνοι, Diod. Sic. 23,18,5). Ruined by Verres ( Cetarini, Cic. Verr. 2,3,103). Cf. [2]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 L. Dubois, Inscriptions grecques dialectales de Sicile, 1989 2 G. Bejor, Città di Sicilia nei decreti di Entella…

Chrysas

(41 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Sicilian river close to the road to Morgantina in the territory of Agyrion (Diod. Sic. 14,95,2), modern Dittaino. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography L. Rocchetti, EAA 2, 1959, 570 C. Vitanza, Arch. St. Sic. or., 12, 1915, 163-180.

Hekatompedos

(31 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἑκατόμπεδος; Hekatómpedos). Probably a c. 32 m wide street in Syracusae near the Hexapylon gate (Plut. Dion 45,5, cf. Diod. Sic. 16,20,2. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)

Chalitani

(66 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Town in Sicily (ILS 1188; 2nd cent. AD); identified either with Chalae/Chalis (in Gela, It. Ant. 95,6) [1] or with a vicus near Halicyae[2]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Die Legionslegaten röm. Rheinarmeen, 1967, 61f. 2 G. Manganaro, La Sicilia da Sesto Pompeo a Diocleziano, ANRW II 1.1, 78 n. 429  R. J. A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 385 no. 141.

Assorus

(147 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Hellenized town of the  Siculi in the interior of Sicily between Henna and Agyrium (Diod. Sic. 14,78,6) north of Dittáino (ancient  Chrysas; personification on Roman coins from A.), modern Assoro. Listed among the Delphian   theorodokoi in around 200 BC. From the fanum on the road to Henna,  Verres tried in vain to steal the statue of Chrysas (Cic. Verr. 2,4,96). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography L. Bernarbò Brea, Assoro, in: Notizie degli scavi di antichità, 1947, 249f. R. Calciati (ed.), Corpus Nummorum Siculorum 3, 1987, 259f. G. C. Gentil…

Schera

(125 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Σχέρα; Schéra). A city in western Sicily indicated by its ethnicon Σχερῖνοι/ Scherínoi in the 5th decree of the people's assembly of Entella (Z. 21, cf.  [2]) together with other cities that donated wheat and barley to the Synoikistoi ( Synoikismós ) of Entella. S. was partially destroyed by the Carthaginians in the first of the Punic Wars. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Manganaro, Metoikismos. Metaphora di poleis à Sicilia, in: ASNP 20, 1990, 391-408, esp. 400, n. 41 2 G. Nenci, I decreti di Entella I-V, in: ASNP 21, 1991, 137…

Halicyae

(102 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἁλικύαι; Halikýai). Town of the  Elymi between Lilybaeum and  Entella [1. 168-171] in the Carthaginian sphere of influence. Allied with Athens during the Peloponnesian War (Thuc. 7,32,1; IG I2, 20), in 278/7 conquered by Pyrrhus, in 263 by the Romans (Diod. Sic. 22,10,2; 23,5). Cicero counted the Halicyenses among the civitates immunes ac liberae (Cic. Verr. 3,13; 91; 5,15), Pliny among the stipendiarii (Plin. HN 91). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 BTCGI 3. G. Bejor, Città di Sicilia, in: ASNP 12/3, 1982, 838f. G. Manganaro, La Sici…

Inessa

(135 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἴνησσα; Ínēssa). Siculian city on the southern slope of Mount Etna ( Aetne [1]) between Catana and Centoripae, occupied, after the death of Hieron I in 461 BC, by the settlers driven out of Catana, renamed Aetne [2], with the consecration of Hieron as Founder (οἰκιστής; oikistḗs, Diod. Sic. 11,76,3; Str. 6,2,3; Steph. Byz. s.v. I.; cf. Thuc. 3,103,1; 6,94,3). Should be identified with Cività in Santa Maria di Licodia rather than Poira. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, La caduta dei Diomenidi e il Politikon nomisma in S…

Acragas

(744 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sicily | Christianity | | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization | Punic Wars | Punic Wars (Ἀκράγας; Akrágas, Latin Agragantum/Agrigentum, in the Middle Ages Girgenti). River and town (modern Agrigento) on the south-west coast of  Sicily, 4 km inland on a steep rocky hill, which rises from 50 m in the south to 328 m in the north and 351 m in the north-east, encircled by the rivers  Hypsas in the west and A. (S. Biagio) in the east, which join south of…

Imachara

(109 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἰμάχαρα; Imáchara). Small town in Sicily (Cic. Verr. 2,3,47; Plin. HN 3,91; Ptol. 3,4,12,3; preserved are kerykeion, IG XIV 589, litrai in two versions). The identification with the excavation site near Nissoria is conceivable. There was a river in the area of I. (reverse of the litra). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica (Testimonia Siciliae antiqua 1,1), Kokalos Suppl. 4, 1981, 190 R. J. A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 145, 378 no. 14 S. Cataldi, s.v. I., BTCGI 8, 238-247 G. …

Bidus

(43 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Beidos). Fortress near Syracuse (Steph. Byz. s.v.; Cic. Verr. 2,53ff.; Liv. 25,27). A town of Bidius lay in the territory of Tauromenium (Steph. Byz. s.v.). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI, 4, 45f. Chiron 25, 1995, no. 35.

Herineus

(69 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] River in Sicily along the via Elorina, mentioned by Thucydides (7,80,6; 82,3) in conjunction with the retreat of the Athenians in 413 BC, possibly identical with the Cavallata north of the Assinarus. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, Alla ricerca di poleis mikrai della Sicilia centro-orientale, in: Orbis Terrarum 2, 1996, 139 with fn. 50 L. Robert, Noms indigènes de l'Asie Mineure gréco-romaine, 1963, 37f.

Amenanus

(100 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀμενανός; Amenanós). The modern river of Giudicello, which still runs under the cathedral square of Catania; in antiquity, it supplied water to  Catana (depicted as a minotaurus on the earliest tetradrachmas: BMC, Greek, Sicilia, 48 ff.; on bronze coins of the 1st cent. BC reclining in Nile fashion; cf. Pind. Pyth. 1,132; Str. 5,3,13; Ov. Met. 15,279; Steph. Byz. s.v. Κατάνη; Katánē). Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography Ch. Hülsen, s.v. Amenanus, RE 1, 1823 G. Manganaro, Per una storia della ‘chora Katanaia’, in: E. Olshausen, H. Sonnabend …

Acis

(208 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀκις; Ákis) Son of  Faunus and a daughter of the river god Symaethus, lover of the Nereid  Galatea, killed out of jealousy by the Cyclops  Polyphemus and turned into the river A. (Ov. Met. 13,780-897). A., most likely the fiume di Jaci, joining north of  Catana (cf. Theoc. 1,69), was proverbial because of its very cold water. Along the river, a temple of the Augustan period was found near Capo Mulini, and near Casalotto a Greek epigram, praising  Priapus, as well as a Latin inscri…

Ichana

(117 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἴχανα; Íchana). Settlement on Sicily, fell under the rule of Syracusae (Steph. Byz. s.v. I.). Evidence: handle of a bronze kerykeion, with the inscription Ιχανινοδαμοσιον; silver hēmílitron (obverse horned head, personification of a river, to its right on some impressions ΣΙΧΑ, on the reverse the bow of a ship with the legend ΝΙΚΑ, datable to the end of the 5th cent. BC; I., therefore, celebrated a naval victory); in a Siculan inscription from Herbessus is ΘΙΚΑΝΑ. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, in: JNG 33, 1984, 31-33 Id., Al…

Bricinniae

(91 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] Fortress of Leontini (eastern Sicily), in 422 BC the scene of disputes between the oligarchs and democrats of Leontini (Thuc. 5,4,4), probably near Colle S. Basilio (Scordia), where remains of walls (5th cent. BC), large silos, hewn into the rock, and an epitaph have been found. The late Byzantine period is documented through graves and a lead blade with a Greek prayer of exorcism. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography BTCGI s.v. B., G. Manganaro, in: Scritti classici e cristiani offerti a Francesco Corsaro, Università Catania 1994, 461f.

Longon

(92 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Λόγγων; Lóngōn). Coastal river near Catana in Sicily, probably identical to modern San Paolo. Italion, a Catanian fortress, which was attacked in 247 BC by Hamilcar [3] Barcas (Diod. Sic. 24,6,1; [1. 133; 2. 127-174, especially 156, pl. 9]), was situated close to the source. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica, 1981 2 G. Manganaro, Per una storia della chora Katanaia, in: E. Olshausen, H. Sonnabend (ed.), Grenze und Grenzland. 4. Stuttgarter Kolloquium zur Histor. Geogr. (…

Agyrium

(180 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sicily (Ἀγύριον; Agýrion). Town of the  Siculi in the interior of  Sicily, 25 km north-east of Henna, modern Agira, with cult of  Heracles who reputedly visited A. (Diod. Sic. 4,24). At the beginning of the 4th cent. BC, it was settled with 20,000 citizens under the tyrant Agyris (Diod. Sic. 14,95). In 339 BC, Timoleon ousted the tyrant Apolloniades, initiated the settlement of 10,000 Greeks; brisk building activity ensued (Diod. Sic. 16,82 f.). …

Achradine

(89 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἀχραδίνη; Achradínē). District of  Syracusae with the agora, linked with Ortygia via a bridge (Cic. Verr. 2,4,52; 117; Str. 6,2,4). In 405 BC captured by Himilkon (Diod. Sic. 14, 63), 352 BC plundered by Nypsius on behalf of Dionysius II and liberated by Dion (Plut. Dion 42 f.).  Sicily Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, Iscrizioni, Epitaffi ed Epigrammi in Greco della Sicilia centro-orientale di epoca romana, in: MEFRA 106, 1994, 79-118, here 79-82 R. J. A. Wilson, Sicily under Roman Empire, 1990, 39 f., 160 (map), 359.

Abolus

(41 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[German version] (Ἄβολος; Ábolos). Torrent by  Catana, near which Timoleon defeated Mamercus (prior to 338 BC; Plut. Timoleon 34,1).  Sicily Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. Manni, Geogr. fisica e politica della Sicilia antica (Cocalus Suppl. 4), 1981, 93.

Akis

(199 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] Sohn des Faunus und einer Tochter des Flußgottes Symaethus, Geliebter der Nereide Galateia, von dem Kyklopen Polyphemos aus Eifersucht getötet, in den Fluß A. verwandelt (Ov. met. 13, 780-897). A., wohl der nördl. von Katane mündende fiume di Jaci (vgl. Theokr. 1,69), war sprichwörtlich wegen seiner Kälte. Am A. wurden gefunden bei Capo Mulini ein Tempel aus augusteischer Zeit, bei Casalotto ein griech. Epigramm, welches Priapos preist und eine lat. Inschr. des 5. Jhs. n. Chr. [2…

Insulae Aegates

(98 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] Inselgruppe zw. Lilybaion und Karthago (h. Favignana und Levanza). Hier ging 250 v.Chr., von Lilybaion zu Hilfe gerufen, die karthag. Flotte vor Anker (Pol. 1,44,2). In Sichtweite von Favignana fand 241 v.Chr. die den 1. Pun. Krieg entscheidende Seeschlacht zw. C. Lutatius Catulus und Hanno statt (Pol. 1,60,4ff.) [1. 248f.]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 Huss. R.J.A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 228, 393 Nr. 179  G. Purpura, in: SicA 15/48, 1982, 56f.; 18/57-58, 1985, 59-86  A.M. Fallico, Sicilia: XII. Favignana e…

Agathyrnon

(122 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] (Ἀγάθυρνον). An der Nordküste von Sicilia zw. Tyndaris und Kale Akte, eher bei Capo di Orlando als bei S. Agata di Militello (wo ein chōríon war); von Agathyrnos, Sohn des Aiolos [1], gegr. (Diod. 5,8), Tyndaris einverleibt. Von A. überführte der Konsul M. Valerius Laevinus 210 v. Chr. 4000 Verbannte, die sich hier festgesetzt hatten, nach Bruttium (Liv. 26, 40, 16 f.). Der Eponym, ein stehender Jüngling, ist auf einer Bronzemünze (mit entsprechender Legende) dargestellt. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography C. Franchina Scurria, Problemi de…

Abolos

(42 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] (Ἄβολος). Wildbach bei Katane, in dessen Nähe Timoleon Mamerkos besiegte (vor 338 v. Chr.; Plut. Timoleon 34,1). Sicilia Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E. Manni, Geogr. fisica e politica della Sicilia antica (Kokalos Suppl. 4), 1981, 93.

Hergetion

(138 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] (Ἑργέτιον). Kleine Stadt im Landesinnern von Sizilien bei Grammichele, nördl. von Hybla [1] Heraia, erwähnt in der Delph. Liste der theōrodókoi (col. IV 106; vgl. [1. 434f.] mit dem Vorschlag der Lokalisierung in Ferla, [2. 133ff.32]), in einem Orakel von Dodona [4. 85f.] und bei Steph. Byz. s.v. Segesta. Zum Ethnikon vgl. die Bronzemz. aus Syrakus [3. 203]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Manganaro, Città di Sicilia e santuari panellenici nel III e II sec. a.C., in: Historia 13, 1964, 414-439 2 Ders., Alla ricerca di poleis mik…

Adranon

(153 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] (Ἀδρανόν, Hadranum). Um 400 v. Chr. von Dionysios I. nahe dem siculischen Heiligtum des Adranos am Westhang des Vulkans Aitne [1] (Diod. 14,37,4) am Adranos (Münzen), Nebenfluß des Symaithos, gegr.; h. Adrano, ant. Reste. In der Nähe schlug Timoleon im Bund mit A. Hiketas (Diod. 16,68-69). A. wurde 263 v. Chr. von den Römern erobert (Diod. 23,4,1); A. erhielt das ius Latii (Plin. 3,91). Nahe A. das siculische Zentrum von Mendolito mit Inschr. (IG XIV 567-572), Münzen und prähistor. Töpferware (siculische Sammlung im Mus. auf der Normannenburg). Siculi; Sicilia Mangan…

Herineos

(68 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] Fluß in Sicilia an der via Elorina, von Thukydides (7,80,6; 82,3) im Zusammenhang mit dem Rückzug der Athener 413 v.Chr. erwähnt, evtl. identisch mit dem Cavallata nördl. des Assinaros. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography G. Manganaro, Alla ricerca di poleis mikrai della Sicilia centro-orientale, in: Orbis Terrarum 2, 1996, 139 mit Nr. 50  L. Robert, Noms indigenes de l'Asie Mineure gréco-romaine, 1963, 37f.

Chalitani

(66 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] Ortschaft auf Sizilien (ILS 1188; 2.Jh. n.Chr.), entweder identisch mit Chalae/Chalis (bei Gela, Itin. Anton. 95,6) [1] oder ein vicus bei Halikyai [2]. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Die Legionslegaten röm. Rheinarmeen, 1967, 61f. 2 G. Manganaro, La Sicilia da Sesto Pompeo a Diocleziano, ANRW II 1.1, 78 n. 429  R.J.A. Wilson, Sicily under the Roman Empire, 1990, 385 Nr. 141.

Assinaros

(91 words)

Author(s): Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata)
[English version] (Ἀσσίναρος, Ἀσίναρος). Fluß auf Sicilia, h. Noto, südl. des Erineos, ca. 25 km von Syrakusai entfernt, bekannt durch die Kapitulation der Athener, die sich 413 v.Chr. nach der Belagerung von Syrakusai dort in Sicherheit zu bringen suchten (Thuk. 7,84f.; Diod. 13,19,2; Plut. Nikias 27; Paus. 7,16,5). Festspiel-Stiftung. Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) Bibliography E.A. Freeman, History of Sicily 3, 1892, 706f.  E. Manni, Geografia fisica e politica della Sicilia antica, Kokalos Suppl. 4, 1981, 100  M. Margani, Alcune questioni relative alla ba…
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