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Cleonides

(167 words)

Author(s): Najock, Dietmar (Berlin)
[German version] (Κλεονείδης; Kleoneídēs). Presumably the author of an Εἰσαγωγὴ ἁρμονική/ Eisagōgḕ harmonikḗ (‘Introduction to Harmonics) in Aristoxenian tradition ( Aristoxenus [1]), perhaps 2nd cent. AD. The subject matter of harmonics -- notes, intervals, scale, system, key (τόνος/ tónos), metabole, melopoeia -- is clearly presented in subdivisions, definitions and examples, the note names (3f.) are in circuitous lists. Intervals (5) are differentiated by five categories, tone systems (8) by seven; in addition, there are complet…

Anonymi Bellermann

(170 words)

Author(s): Najock, Dietmar (Berlin)
[German version] Three Greek music treatises, Anon. 2 and 3, probably later than  Nicomachus. Anon. 1 (1-11): on the notation of rhythm and articulation, taken from Anon. 3 (83-93). Anon. 2 (12-28): outline of musical doctrine, esp. harmonics, in the tradition of Aristoxenus. Anon. 3 (29-104): in Part 1 (up to 66) in particular excerpts from Aristoxenus on harmony (tone, interval, system, scale, pitch (τόνος), metabole, melopoiia); the transposition scales are still unexplained, διάστημα and σύστημα are confused and names of tones and melopoiia saved for consideration later (6…

Pseudo-Bakcheios

(62 words)

Author(s): Najock, Dietmar (Berlin)
[German version] (Βακχεῖος/ Bakcheîos, i.e. 'Dionysius') dedicated a work on music theory to Konstantinos [1] Porphyrogennetos (905-959); The introduction survives, on the imprecision of the senses, aimed at introducing the κανών/ kanṓn, and the proportions of the consonant intervals, the eleventh and the whole tone.     Najock, Dietmar (Berlin) Bibliography F. Bellermann (ed.), Anonymi scriptio de musica, 1841  E. Pöhlmann, s. v. Bakcheios, MGG1 15, 422-424.

Bacchius

(427 words)

Author(s): Nutton, Vivian (London) | Najock, Dietmar (Berlin)
(Βακχεῖος; Bakcheîos). [German version] [1] From Tanagra, physician, c. 250-200 BC of Tanagra. According to Erotian (31,10), B. was a physician and student of Herophilus (Gal. 18 A, 187 K.), active around 250-200 BC. In addition to his writings about pulse theory, pathology, and pharmacology, he also authored his memoirs of Herophilus and the latter's other students. B.'s reputation is largely based upon his glossary on Hippocrates, in which certain text versions have survived that are missing in the MSS o…