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Lawrence of Brindisi (Saint)

(264 words)

Author(s): Pfnür, Vinzenz
[German Version] (Giulio Cesare Rossi; Jul 22, 1559, Brindisi – Jul 22, 1619, Lisbon) was proclaimed Doctor apostolicus of the Church on Mar 19, 1959, having been canonized on Dec 8, 1881 (commemoration day: July 21). A Capuchin friar (from 1575), he officiated as provincial superior (Tuscany: 1590–1592; Venice: 1594–1596; Genoa: 1613–1616), commissary general of the Austrian-Bohemian province (founding monasteries in Innsbruck, Salzburg, Prague, Vienna, and Graz), as well as definitor general and…

Felbiger, Johann Ignaz von

(278 words)

Author(s): Pfnür, Vinzenz
[German Version] (Jan 6, 1724, Glogów [Ger. Glogau], Poland – May 17, 1788, Bratislava [Ger. Pressburg], Slovakia) studied Catholic theology in Breslau [Wrocław]. In 1746, he entered the religious foundation of Augustinian Canons in Sagan and became its abbot in 1758. He reformed the school system in Silesia (1765: general regulations for Roman Catholic schools in the territory), and from 1773 also in Austria under Maria Theresia (1774: general school order). In 1778, be became provost in Preßburg. He lived there until his death, after Joseph II had removed him from office in 1781. Felbi…

Staphylus, Friedrich

(330 words)

Author(s): Pfnür, Vinzenz
[German Version] (Stapelage; Aug 27, 1512, Osnabrück – Mar 5, 1564, Ingolstadt), Greek scholar and theologian. After the death of his parents, Staphylus lived with relatives in Danzig (Gdansk) and Kaunas. He studied in Cracow, Padua, and from 1536 to 1546 in Wittenberg, receiving his M.A. in 1541. From 1546 to 1551 he was in the service of Duke Albert of Prussia (from 1546 to 1548 as professor at Königsberg [Kaliningrad]). During this period he engaged in theological debates with G. Gnapheus and A. Osiander (1551: Synodus sanctorum patrum antiquorum contra nova dogmata Andreae Osiandri).…