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Anaxion

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀναξίων; Anaxíōn) from Mytilene, son of Thrasycleides, had the victory with the satyr play Πέρσαι ( Pérsai) in Teos; period unknown (Inscriptions of Teos, ed. by P. Le Bas III, no. 91, p. 37). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 48 TrGF 202.

Dionysiades

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Διονυσιάδης; Dionysiádēs). Son of Phylarchides, tragedian from Mallus (Suda δ 1169), according to Str. 14,6,759, from Tarsus, counted among the Pleias. Possibly identical with the poet named among the winners of the Dionysia (TrGF 110, see also DID A 3a, 67). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163 TrGF 105.

Evandridas

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Εὐανδρίδας; Euandrídas). Tragedian, son of Hestiaeus; according to an inscription from c. 200 BC (GVI 2018), found in Miletus, he lived exactly to the age of 80 [1. 185 B]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 A. Rehm, R. Harder, Didyma II, 1958 2 TrGF 116.

Amymon

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀμύμων; Amýmōn) from Sicyon, tragedian (CAT A 6, 5; time: prior to the end of the 3rd cent. BC), perhaps two victories in the Dionysia (cf. DID A 3a, 47). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 123.

Biotus

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Βίοτος; Bíotos). Tragedian, from whose Medea a fragment has been preserved. Possibly identical with the comedian  Biottus, who is mentioned in 167 and 155 BC in the Didaskalíai [1. 80]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, KS 4, 1962 2 TrGF 205.

Astydamas

(196 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀστυδάμας; Astydámas). [German version] [1] The Elder Tragedian Tragedian from Athens; according to Suda α 4265 son of Morsimus and grandson of Philocles; according to Diod. Sic. 14,43,5 his first production was in 398 BC. Even in antiquity he was confused with his son [2]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 59. [German version] [2] The Younger Tragedian Tragedian from Athens, son of A. [1]. His first victory at the Dionysia came in 372 BC (DID A 3a,44 und D 1), further successes in 347 (DID A 1, 271), in 341 with Achilles, Athamas and Antigone (DID A 1, 292 and A 2, 1) and in 340 with P…

Apolinarius

(94 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀπολινάριος; Apolinários) from Laodicea; spelling: Suda and Sozomenus, otherwise Apollinarius (e.g. RE) or Apollinaris [e.g. 2]; see also  Apollinarius [3]. One of the most influential church writers of the 4th cent. According to Sozom. Hist.eccl. 5, 18 (cf. Suda α 3397) he created a body of Christian literature: a history of the Hebrews up to Saul, based on Homer, comedies in the style of Menander, tragedies in the style of Euripides and Pindaric lyrics. (Identical with Apollinarius [3] of Laodicea.) Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 TrGF 197 2 J. H. Wa…

Dorillus

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Δόριλλος; Dórillos). Tragedian; mocked in the Lémniai of Aristophanes (PCG III 2,382, c. 413-05 BC) as doríallon (‘female private parts’ [1. 130ff., especially 146 and 148]); possibly the same as Dorilaus, a contemporary of Euripides (see DID C 18). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse, 1975. TrGF 41.

Athenias

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀθηνίας; Athēnías) or Athenion (Ἀθηνίων; Athēníōn) of Anthedon, son of Nicarchus; second prize as poet of a satyr play between 90 and 80 BC at the Sarapieia in Tanagra (DID A 7,33). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 53 TrGF 162.

Caerius

(30 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Καίριος; Kaírios). Tragedian who, according to DID A 3b, 55, won once at the Lenaea, probably in 351 BC. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 183 TrGF 82.

Aminias

(59 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀμινίας; Aminías) from Thebes. Satyr play poet, son of Democles, had the victory in the Charitesia in Orchomenus in the 1st cent. BC. (DID A 10 a); he won with an epic encomium shortly after 86 BC at the Amphiaria in Oropus (IG VII 419, 14 and 16). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 55 TrGF 164.

Evaretus

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Εὐάρετος; Euáretos). Tragedian, who came second in the Dionysia of 341 BC with Teûkros, Achilleús, and a further unknown play (DID A 2a,7), and third in the Dionysia of 340 with Alkméōn and a further unknown play (DID A 2a, 26). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 91f. TrGF 85.

Datis

(41 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Δάτις; Dátis). Tragedian from Thoricus, son of Carcinus (Aristoph. Pax 289ff. with schol. R V; see also TrGF 21); D. is perhaps a nickname for Xenocles (TrGF 33), see also [1. 283-285]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 TrGF 34.

Aeantides

(57 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Αἰαντίδης; Aiantídēs, CAT A 5 b, 4) or Aiantiades (CAT A 5a, 5). Tragedian regarded as belonging to the pleias of tragic writers under Ptolemy Philadelphus (282-46 BC); he is perhaps the same writer as the one named in DID A 3a, 64 (cf. TrGF 107). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163 TrGF 102.

Archenomus

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Ἀρχένομος; Archénomos) from Rhodus, son of Hermias, victory in the mid 2nd cent. BC in the Heraea on Samos with a new satyr play (DID A 11 a). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 50 TrGF 143.

Gnesippus

(125 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] (Γνήσιππος; Gnḗsippos). Perhaps identical with the tragedian  Nothippus (5th cent. BC; cf. TrGF 26; DID A3,14 and TrGF 8) [1. 481, 18ff.]; the name G. was possibly used jestingly for Nothippus [2. 399]. In Athenaeus (8,344c f. and 14,638d ff.) they are used for two different persons: in 14,638d ff., due to his new ‘soft’ style, G. is mocked on one hand as a ‘paigniagraphos of the merry muse’ by contemporary comedians (e.g., Cratinus), on the other hand ─ if the transition in 14,638…

Euandridas

(40 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Εὐανδρίδας). Tragiker, Sohn des Hestiaios; nach einer in Milet gefundenen Inschr. von ca. 200 v.Chr. (GVI 2018) wurde er genau 80 Jahre alt [1. 185 B]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 A.Rehm, R. Harder, Didyma II, 1958 2 TrGF 116.

Astydamas

(202 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀστυδάμας). [English version] [1] Der Ältere Tragiker aus Athen, um 398 v. Chr. Tragiker aus Athen, laut Suda α 4265 Sohn des Morsimos und Enkel des Philokles; nach Diod. 14,43,5 erste Aufführung 398 v.Chr. Schon im Altertum wurde er mit seinem Sohn [2] verwechselt. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 59. [English version] [2] Der Jüngere Tragiker aus Athen, Sohn des A. [1], 4. Jh. v. Chr. Tragiker aus Athen, Sohn des A. [1]. Erster Sieg bei den Dionysien 372 v.Chr. (DID A 3a,44 und D 1), weitere Erfolge 347 (DID A 1, 271), 341 mit Achilleus, Athamas und Antigone (DID A 1, 292 un…

Dorillos

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Δόριλλος). Tragiker; in den Lémniai des Aristophanes (PCG III 2,382Aristoph. PCG III 2,382, ca. 413/05 v.Chr.) als doríallon (“weibliche Scham” [1. 130ff., bes. 146 und 148]) verspottet; evtl. Dorilaos, ein Zeitgenosse des Euripides (s. DID C 18). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse, 1975. TrGF 41.

Aminias

(55 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀμινίας) aus Theben. Satyrspieldichter, Sohn des Demokles, siegte bei den Charitesia in Orchomenos im 1. Jh. v. Chr. (DID A 10 a); mit einem ep. Enkomion gewann er kurz nach 86 v. Chr. bei den Amphiareia in Oropos (IG VII 419, 14 u. 16). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 55  TrGF 164.

Gnesippos

(114 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Γνήσιππος). Vielleicht identisch mit dem Tragiker Nothippos (5. Jh. v.Chr.; vgl. TrGF 26; DID A3,14 und TrGF 8) [1. 481, 18ff.]; der Name G. wurde evtl. spaßeshalber für Nothippos verwendet [2. 399]. Bei Athenaios (8,344c f. und 14,638d ff.) werden sie als zwei unterschiedliche Personen aufgeführt, wobei in 14,638d ff. G. einerseits von zeitgenössischen Komikern (u.a. von Kratinos) als ein “Paigniagraphos der heiteren Muse” wegen seines neuen “weichlichen” Stiles, andererseits -…

Archenomos

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀρχένομος) aus Rhodos, Sohn des Hermias, Sieg in der Mitte des 2. Jh. v. Chr. bei den Heraia auf Samos mit einem neuen Satyrspiel (DID A 11 a). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 50  TrGF 143.

Datis

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Δάτις). Tragiker aus Thorikos, Sohn des Karkinos (Aristoph. Pax 289ff. mit schol. R V; s.a. TrGF 21); D. ist vielleicht ein Spitzname des Xenokles (TrGF 33), s.a. [1. 283-285]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 TrGF 34.

Anaxion

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀναξίων) aus Mytilene, Sohn des Thrasykleides, gewann mit dem Satyrspiel Πέρσαι ( Persai) in Teos; Zeit unbekannt (Inschr. Teos, hrsg. v. P. Le Bas III, Nr. 91, p. 37). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 48  TrGF 202.

Amymon

(37 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀμύμων) aus Sikyon, Tragiker (CAT A 6, 5; Zeit: vor dem Ende des 3. Jh. v. Chr.), vielleicht 2 Siege an den Dionysien (vgl. DID A 3a, 47). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography TrGF 123.

Aiantides

(52 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Αἰαντίδης, CAT A 5 b, 4) oder Aiantiades (CAT A 5a, 5). Tragiker, wurde zur Pleias tragischer Dichter unter Ptolemaios Philadelphos (282-46 v. Chr.) gerechnet; vielleicht ist er mit dem in DID A 3a, 64 genannten Dichter (vgl. TrGF 107) identisch. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163  TrGF 102.

Apolinarios

(80 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀπολινάριος) aus Laodikeia; Schreibung: Suda u. Sozomenos, sonst Apollinarios (z. B. RE) oder Apollinaris [z. B. 2]; s. auch Apollinarios [3]. Einer der einflußreichsten Kirchenschriftsteller des 4. Jh. Nach Soz. 5, 18 (vgl. Suda α 3397) schuf er eine Lit. christl. Inhalts: eine an Homer angelehnte hebr. Gesch. bis auf Saul, Komödien im Stile Menanders, Trag. im Stile des Euripides und pindarische Lyrik. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 TrGF 197 2 J. H. Waszink, JbAC 7, 1964, 145.

Kairios

(29 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Καίριος). Tragiker, laut DID A 3b, 55 siegte er einmal an den Lenäen vermutlich im Jahre 351 v.Chr. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 183  TrGF 82.

Dionysiades

(45 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Διονυσιάδης). Sohn des Phylarchides, Tragiker aus Mallos (Suda δ 1169), nach Strab. 14,6,759 aus Tarsos, zählte zur Pleias. Vielleicht identisch mit dem unter den Dionysiensiegern gen. Dichter (TrGF 110, s.a. DID A 3a, 67). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 163  TrGF 105.

Euaretos

(47 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Εὐάρετος). Tragiker, an den Dionysien des Jahres 341 Zweiter mit Teúkros, Achilleús und einem unbekannten Stück (DID A 2a,7), an den Dionysien des Jahres 340 Dritter mit Alkméōn und einem unbekannten Stück (DID A 2a, 26). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 91f. TrGF 85.

Athenias

(39 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Ἀθηνίας) oder Athenion (Ἀθηνίων) aus Anthedon, Sohn des Nikarchos; 2. Preis als Dichter eines Satyrspieles zwischen 90 und 80 v.Chr. bei den Sarapieia in Tanagra (DID A 7,33). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 53  TrGF 162.

Biotos

(43 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] (Βίοτος). Tragiker, aus dessen Medeia ein Fragment erh. ist. Evtl. ist er mit dem Komiker Biottos, der 167 und 155 v.Chr. in den Didaskalíai erwähnt wird, identisch [1. 80]. Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, KS 4, 1962 2 TrGF 205.

Choerilus

(1,204 words)

Author(s): Fantuzzi, Marco (Florence) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Χοιρίλος; Choirílos). [German version] [1] from Samos Poet, 5th cent. BC Poet of the 5th cent. BC. Earliest known author of historically based epic poetry; died at the court of the Macedonian king Archelaus (413-399 BC) (Suda: SH 315 = PEG I, T 1). As late as 404 he is attested as participating in an agon of encomiastic poetry in honour of Lysander on Samos (Plut.: PEG I, T 3). These two dates derive from two separate and probably independent sources. The divergent chronologies in the Suda (C. as a contemporary of the epic poet Panyassis; a youth a…

Aristocrates

(485 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] Legendary king of the Arcadian Orchomenus (2nd half 7th cent. BC) Legendary king of the Arcadian Orchomenus (Apollod. FGrH 244 F 334; according to Paus. 4,17,2; 8,5,13 king of Trapezus) at the time of the Second Messenian War (2nd half of the 7th cent. BC); according to Diog. Laert. 1,94, he ruled, together with his son, over almost all of Arcadia. As leader of the Arcadians, on several occasions A. supposedly betrayed his Messenian allies under the leadership of  Aristomenes to Sparta (Paus. 4,17,2-8; 22,1-6), and he was finally stoned …

Evetes

(124 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen)
(Εὐέτης; Euétēs). [German version] [1] Tragedian Tragedian, whose plays were performed in Athens at the time of  Epicharmus (486/5 or 485/4 BC; cf. Suda ε 2766; see also [1.34]). A victory at the Dionysia soon after 484 is transmitted (DID A 3a, 12). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 H. Hoffmann, Chronologie der att. Tragödie, 1951. TrGF 6. [German version] [2] Comedian Comic poet; his only transmitted play title Epíklēros (‘The Heiress’) can hardly be made to fit in chronologically with the observation in the Suda (ε 2766) that a playwright named E.…

Homerus

(4,933 words)

Author(s): Latacz, Joachim (Basle) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] The poet Homer Homer (Ὅμηρος/ Hómēros, Lat. Homērus, French Homère, German Homer). Latacz, Joachim (Basle) [German version] I. Short definition Homer is the first poet of the European cultural area of whom works of a major scope are completely extant (around 28,000 hexametric lines in the Greek language), which have been received continuously in all parts of the world influenced by European culture since they were composed c. 2,700 years ago and which have exerted evident as well as covert influence on cultural development until the present time [11; 39; 17. 274]. La…

Dicaeogenes

(123 words)

Author(s): Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δικαιογένης; Dikaiogénēs). [German version] [1] Athenian, trierarch of the Paralos, feel in 412/11 BC Athenian from a wealthy and respected family (Davies, 145-149 pl. II). When trierarch of the state trireme Paralos he fell at Cnidus in 412/11 BC. An action was brought in 389 concerning the testamentary disposal of his wealth (Isaeus, Or. 5). Traill, PAA 324245. Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] of Athens Tragedian and dithyrambic poet (?), tragedian and dithyrambic poet. In the 4th cent. BC victor at the rural Dionysia in the deme of Acharnae i…

Dymas

(251 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δύμας; Dýmas). [German version] [1] Phrygian king on the Sangarius, father of Hecuba Phrygian king on the Sangarius; father of Hecuba the wife of Priam, and of Asius (Hom. Il. 16,718; Apollod. 3,148; Hyg. Fab. 91,1; Ov. Met. 11,761). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [2] Phaeacian A Phaeacian, whose daughter was a friend of Nausicaa (Hom. Od. 6,22). Bloch, René (Berne) [German version] [3] Trojan in the Aeneid A Trojan who joined Aeneas at the fall of Troy, and was killed (Verg. Aen. 2,340; 428). Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography T. Gargiulo, s.v. Dimante, EV 2, 75. [German version] [4] …

Isagoras

(246 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἰσαγόρας; Isagóras). [German version] [1] Son of Teisander, Cleisthenes' competitor after the fall of the tyrants Son of Teisander, he fought  Cleisthenes for supreme power in Athens after the fall of the tyrants. The conflict was initially between their hetairiai ( Hetairia). It was only when I. was elected archon for the year 508/507 BC, that Cleisthenes was successful in winning the support of the dḗmos. I. too had to mobilize additional sources of power and in traditional aristocratic manner had his guest  Cleomenes I of Sparta intervene in Attica and e…

Artavasdes

(727 words)

Author(s): Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀρταουάσδης; Artaouásdēs). [German version] [1] I. King of Armenia between 160 and 120 BC King of Armenia between 160 and 120 BC. He was the son of Artaxias I and father (not brother) of Tigranes I. Toward the end of his rule, he was attacked by the Arsacid  Mithridates II (Just. Epit. 42,2,6), which led to the handing over of his grandson Tigranes II to the Parthians as a hostage. Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) [German version] [2] II. King of Armenia between (55-34 BC) (also called Artabazes, Ἀρταβάζης; Artabázēs) as son and successor to Tigranes II. Began his rule as king of Arm…

Democrates

(130 words)

Author(s): Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Δημοκράτης; Dēmokrátēs). [German version] [1] Attic orator of the 4th cent. BC from Aphidna Attic orator of the 4th cent. BC from Aphidna, probably an older contemporary of Demosthenes [2] (about 338 BC he is called γέρων ( gérōn; old man), cf. Stob. Floril. 3,22,43). As the descendant of  Harmodius or  Aristogeiton, he had a claim to free provisions in the Prytaneion (Hyp. 4,3). He belonged to the Pro-Macedonian party (Hyp. 4,2). He is also mentioned in Aeschin. Leg. 2,17 and Isaeus 6,22. Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) Bibliography Blass, 3,2. [German version] [2] Tragedian of Sic…

Aphareus

(338 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀφαρεύς; Aphareús). [German version] [1] Son of Perieres and Gorgophone Son of  Perieres and Gorgophone, daughter of Perseus. As king of the Messenians he founded Arene at Pylos, which he named after his wife, the daughter of Oebalus and his half-sister. He took in Neleus and gave him Pylos, and was initiated into the cult of the ‘Great Gods’ of Andania by Lycus, son of Pandium (Paus. 4,2,4-6); Athenian propaganda is reflected here. He also took in Tyndareos (Paus. 3,1,4). His sons Idas and Lynceus (Paus…

Hippothoon

(163 words)

Author(s): Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἱπποθόων; Hippothóōn). [German version] [1] King in Eleusis Second son of  Poseidon and  Alope (Hyg. Fab. 187; 252). As an infant abandoned by his grandfather  Cercyon and taken in by  Theseus; later king, probably in Eleusis (Hes. fr. 215 M-W; H. Hom. 2,153). This is further supported by the fact that H. was venerated there as a cult hero and phyle hero, as suggested by the Hippothoontion's location near Eleusis on the river Cephissus (Paus. 1,38,4). Schulte-Altedorneburg, Jörg (Marburg) Bibliography U. Kron, s.v. H., LIMC 5.1, 468-475. [German version] [2] Author of sententious …

Aristias

(150 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] Sculptor from Aphrodisias, early 2nd cent. AD (Aristeas). Sculptor from  Aphrodisias [1], who worked in the early 2nd cent. AD. Together with Papias, he signed the dark marble statues of an old and of a young centaur, copies of Hellenistic bronze sculptures, from Hadrian's villa near Tivoli. Neudecker, Richard (Rome) Bibliography H. von Steuben, in: Helbig II, no. 1398 J. Raeder, Die statuarische Ausstattung der Villa Hadriana bei Tivoli, 1983, 236-238 M. Squarciapino, La Scuola di Afrodisia, 1943, 32-34. [German version] [2] of Phlius Tragedian Tragic poet…

Euetes

(109 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen)
(Εὐέτης). [English version] [1] Tragiker Tragiker, führte zur Zeit des Epicharmos in Athen auf (486/5 oder 485/4 v.Chr.; vgl. Suda ε 2766; s.a. [1.34]). Ein Sieg bei den Dionysien kurz nach 484 ist überliefert (DID A 3a, 12). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography 1 H. Hoffmann, Chronologie der att. Tragödie, 1951. TrGF 6. [English version] [2] Komödiendichter Komödiendichter, dessen einziger überlieferter Stücktitel Epíklēros (‘Die Erbtochter) sich chronologisch kaum mit der Notiz der Suda (ε 2766) vereinbaren läßt, ein E. habe zur gleichen Zeit wie …

Aristokrates

(439 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] [1] Legendärer König des arkadischen Orchomenos (2.H. 7. Jh. v. Chr.) Legendärer König des arkadischen Orchomenos (Apollod. FGrH 244 F 334; nach Paus. 4,17,2; 8,5,13 König von Trapezus) z.Z. des 2. Messenischen Krieges (2. H. 7. Jh. v. Chr.), nach Diog. Laert. 1,94 mit seinem Sohn Herrscher über fast ganz Arkadien. A. soll als Anführer der Arkader mehrfach die verbündeten Messenier unter Aristomenes an Sparta verraten haben (Paus. 4,17,2-8; 22,1-6) und dafür zuletzt von den eigenen Leuten gesteinigt worden sein (Paus. 4,22,7). Ka…

Aristias

(148 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rom) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] [1] Bildhauer aus Aphrodisias, Anf. 2. Jh. (Aristeas). Bildhauer aus Aphrodisias [1], tätig im frühen 2. Jh. n. Chr. Er signierte gemeinsam mit Papias die Statuen eines alten und eines jungen Kentauren aus dunklem Marmor, Kopien eines hell. Bronzewerkes aus der Villa des Hadrian bei Tivoli. Neudecker, Richard (Rom) Bibliography H. von Steuben, in: Helbig II, Nr. 1398  J. Raeder, Die statuarische Ausstattung der Villa Hadriana bei Tivoli, 1983, 236-238  M. Squarciapino, La Scuola di Afrodisia, 1943, 32-34. [English version] [2] aus Phleius Tragiker, 5. Jh. v. Chr. T…

Artavasdes

(668 words)

Author(s): Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀρταουάσδης). [English version] [1] I. König von Armenien (zw. 160 und 120 v.Chr.) König von Armenien zw. 160 und 120 v.Chr. Er war Sohn Artaxias' I. und Vater (nicht Bruder) Tigranes' I. Gegen Ende seiner Regierung wurde er von dem Arsakiden Mithradates II. angegriffen (Iust. 42,2,6), was zur Übergabe seines Enkels Tigranes II. als Geisel an die Parther führte. Schottky, Martin (Pretzfeld) [English version] [2] II. König von Armenien (55-34 v.Chr.) (auch Artabazes, Ἀρταβάζης), als Sohn und Nachfolger Tigranes' II. seit 55 v.Chr. König von Armenien. Zunächst auf r…

Homeros

(4,207 words)

Author(s): Latacz, Joachim (Basel) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
[English version] [1] der Dichter Homer (Ὅμηρος, lat. Homērus, frz. Homère, danach dt. Homér). Latacz, Joachim (Basel) [English version] I. Kurzdefinition Homer ist der erste Dichter des europ. Kulturkreises, von dem vollständige Werke größeren Umfangs (rund 28000 hexametrische Verse in griech. Sprache) stammen, die seit ihrer Entstehung vor ca. 2700 Jahren kontinuierlich in der gesamten europ. geprägten Welt rezipiert wurden und die Kulturentwicklung bis h. offen und latent beeinflußt haben [11; 39; 17. 274]. Latacz, Joachim (Basel) II. Person, Heimat, Zeit, Herkunftsm…

Isagoras

(228 words)

Author(s): Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Köln) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἰσαγόρας). [English version] [1] Sohn des Teisandros, Konkurrent des Kleisthenes nach dem Sturz der Tyrannis Sohn des Teisandros, konkurrierte nach dem Sturz der Tyrannis mit Kleisthenes um die Vormacht in Athen. Der Konflikt wurde zunächst zwischen ihren Hetairien (Hetairia) ausgetragen. Erst als I. für 508/7 v.Chr. zum Archon gewählt wurde, bemühte sich Kleisthenes erfolgreich um die Unterstützung des dḗmos. Auch I. mußte nun weitere Machtressourcen mobilisieren und veranlaßte nach traditionell aristokratischer Manier seinen Gastfreund Kleomenes I. …
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