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Egeria (Aetheria)

(340 words)

Author(s): Röwekamp, Georg
[German Version] The Lady Egeria (also known as Aetheria) is the author of a personal pilgrimage account to the sacred sites (III) in the Near East that was discovered in 1884 by Gian F. Gamurrini in an 11th-century manuscript. The author's name can only be deduced from a letter written by Valerius of Bierzo (died 691), the various versions of which attest to several different fo…

Pilgrim of Bordeaux

(173 words)

Author(s): Röwekamp, Georg
[German Version] The Pilgrim of Bordeaux is the name given a traveler from Bordeaux who went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 333 and wrote an account of it. This earliest (extant) pilgrim’s account still belongs to the genre of the itinerarium ( Itinerarium Bordigalense), recording distances, remount stations ( mutationes), and sleeping quarters ( mansiones). Such a record would also help in the planning of other journeys. At a few points, the text provides information on the places visited, especially when describing the journey in the Holy Land …


(145 words)

Author(s): Röwekamp, Georg
[English Version] von Bordeaux. Bez. für einen Reisenden, der i.J. 333 von Bordeaux aus eine Pilgerfahrt ins Hl. Land unternahm und darüber einen Bericht vf. Dieser älteste (erhaltene) Pilgerbericht gehört noch ganz zur Gattung Itinerarium (Itinerarium Burdigalense) und listet die Entfernungen, Pferdewechselstationen (mutationes) und Nachtquartiere (mansiones) auf. So konnte er auch als Planungshilfe für weitere Reisen dienen. An einigen Stellen bietet der Text Informationen zu den besuchten Stätte…

Cyril of Jerusalem

(457 words)

Author(s): Röwekamp, Georg
[German Version] (c. 313–386/387) was bishop of Jerusalem and, in this function, determinatively involved in the formation of the “holy sites” and of the church year. His life was marked by Trinitarian controversies (Arius/Arianism), but his contribution to the instruction of baptismal candidates in the period of the imperial church was definitive. Acacius of Caesarea installed Cyril as bishop in 348. Acacius hoped to have in Cyril a homoean comrade. Apparently in Lent…