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Nietzsche-Wilamowitz controversy

(3,485 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) Although the Nietzsche-Wilamowitz controversy is frequently mentioned, the dispute lasted a mere two years and directly involved only four people, whereas the vast majority of scholars disapprovingly observed the skirmish from a distance. The prevailing opinion in professional circles was that two loudmouthed newcomers had taken the stage who could and should not be taken seriously, especially since both of them made the begin…

Böckh-Hermann dispute

(1,615 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck) [German version] A. Significance and Origin of the Method Dispute (CT) The long-lasting dispute between Gottfried Hermann and August Böckh (regarding spelling [5. 15 n.11]) is a part of the general considerations concerning methods [1. 15] in the study of Classical Antiquity that arose in the 19th cent., triggered by the question of how Classical philology viewed itself and its place in scholarship. The opposing positions of Böckh, who was the greater systematist and wh…

Galactophagi

(86 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
[German version] (Γαλακτοφάγοι / Galaktophágoi, ‘milk eaters’) are fist mentioned in Hom. Il. 13,5f. together with the Hippemolgi (‘mare-milkers’) and  Abii as neighbours of the Thracians. Ancient literature offers three different views on the identity of the G.: 1. G., Hippemolgi, and Abii as three fabulous tribes who live on the edge of the inhabited world (Str. 7,3,7; 12,3,27). 2. G. and Hippemolgi as Scythian or Sarmatian nomadic tribes (Str. 7,3,7-9), or 3. G. as a real, geographically locatable Scythian tribe (Ptol. 6,14,12). Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)

Graeae

(250 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
[German version] (Γραῖαι; Graîai). The G. (Pemphredo,  Enyo, Deino/Perso) are daughters of Ceto and the sea god Phorcys, after whom they are also called Phorcides or Phorciades. Their number varies from two to three. They are grey-haired (Greek graía), swan-like (Ps.-Aesch. PV 795), beautifully dressed (Hes. Theog. 273) maidens living on the far side of Oceanus in Atlas' cave. Between them, they possess only one eye and one tooth, which they use alternately. They are known through their connection to the Gorgon adventure in the myth of Perseus: according to one versi…

Galaktophagoi

(78 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
[English version] (Γαλακτοφάγοι, “Milchesser”) werden erstmals in Hom. Il. 13,5f. zusammen mit Hippemolgen (“Pferdemelkern”) und Abioi als Nachbarn der Thraker angeführt. In der ant. Lit. gibt es drei Auffassungen über die Identität der G.: 1. Die G., Hippemolgen und Abioi als drei am Rand der bewohnten Erde angesiedelte Fabelvölker (Strab. 7,3,7; 12,3,27). 2. G. und Hippemolgen als skythische bzw. sarmatische Nomadenvölker (Strab. 7,3,7-9) oder 3. G. als realer, geographisch fixierbarer Skythenstamm (Ptol. 6,14,12). Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)

Graien

(211 words)

Author(s): Ungefehr-Kortus, Claudia (Alten-Buseck)
[English version] (Γραῖαι). Die G. (Pemphredo, Enyo, Deino/Perso) sind Töchter der Keto und des Meeresgottes Phorkys, nach dem sie auch Phorkiden oder Phorkyaden genannt werden. Als greise (griech. graía), schwanengestaltige (Ps.-Aischyl. Prom. 795), schöngewandete (Hes. theog. 273) Jungfrauen hausen sie jenseits des Okeanos in einer Höhle des Atlas und besitzen zu zweit oder zu dritt - ihre Anzahl schwankt - nur ein Auge und einen Zahn, welche sie abwechselnd tragen. Bekannt ist ihre Verbindung zum Gorgonenabenteuer des Perseusmythos: Nach der einen Version raubt…