[German Version] Historically, there is a difference between dejection (Ger.
Schwermut) and melancholy. In
Problemata XXX 1 (
Aristotelis Opera, vol. II, 21960, 953 a 10 – 955 a 49), Theophrastus begins by asking why all outstanding personalities are melancholics and proceeds to describe
melancholia as an anthropological disposition shared by all human beings, from which illness, mania, and depression, but also their opposite, distinctive creative powers arise. The melancholic transcends a generally ordinary life by virtue of a men-¶ tal productivity acquired by overcoming …