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Iodama

(65 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοδάμα; Iodáma). Local deity of Coronea (Boeotia), driven out by Athena. In mythology the daughter of  Itonus, granddaughter of  Amphictyon [2], priestess of Athena Itonia, who turned her to stone with the Gorgoneion (Paus. 9,34,2); in a different tradition mother of Thebe by Zeus, sister of Athena, killed by her out of jealousy (Simonides, FGrH 8 F 1). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Itylus

(34 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἴτυλος; Ítylos). Son of  Zethus and  Aedon (Hom. Od. 19,518; Pherecydes FHG 1,95); also traditionally said to be the son of  Procne, otherwise called Itys (Cat. 65,14). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hippothous

(158 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἱππόθοος; Hippóthoos). [German version] [1] Son of Priam Son of Priam (Hom. Il. 24,251). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Commander of the Pelasgian troops in the Trojan War Son of the Pelasgian king  Lethus, son of Teuthamus, supplies the Trojans with Pelasgian reinforcements from Larisa (Hom. Il. 2,840ff.); killed by Telamonian Ajax in the fight over Patroclus' body (Hom. Il. 17,288ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Son of Aleus [1] and Neaera Son of  Aleus [1] and Neaera, killed by his nephew  Telephus, whereupon his mother kills herself (Hyg. Fab. 243). Zingg, R…

Corythus

(196 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κόρυθος, Kórythos). [German version] [1] Epiclesis of Apollo  Epiclesis of Apollo, see Kory(n)thos. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea  Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea (Paus. 8,45,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Tyrrhenian king Son of Zeus and  Electra [3], the daughter of Atlas. Tyrrhenian king. Founder of C. (or Cortona or Cora: Plin. HN 3,5,63), an Etruscan city (Sil. Pun. 4,720), which was also identified with Tarquinii [1], Lat. Corythus. The Italic version of the myth …

Ianira

(28 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰάνειρα; Iáneira, ‘virility’).  Nereid (Hom. Il. 18,47; Apollod. 1,12) or  Oceanid (Hes. Theog. 356), one of Persephone's playmates (H. Hom. 2,421). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Helicaon

(50 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἑλικάων; Helikáōn). Son of  Antenor [1], husband of Priam's daughter Laodice (Hom. Il. 3,123). During the conquest of Troy he was saved by Odysseus (Paus. 10,26,8). With Antenor (Verg. Aen. 1,247) and his brother Polydamas (Serv. Aen. 1,242) H. founded Patavium (Mart. 10,93). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hylaeus

(51 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑλαῖος/ Hylaîos, ‘Man of the woods’).  Centaur, depicted in battle against the Lapiths (Verg. G. 2,457) on the François Vase (6th cent. BC); slain by Theseus (Serv. Aen. 8,294), Hercules (Hor. Carm. 2,12,6) or  Atalante (Apollod. 3,106; Callim. H. 3,221), whom he pursued together with Rhoeicus. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Immaradus

(56 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰμμάραδος/ Immárados, Ἴσμαρος/ Ísmaros). Eleusinian, son of  Eumolpus. Either alone or alongside his father, I. leads a Thracian army against the Athenians only to be killed in this ‘Eleusinian War’ by  Erechtheus (Apollod. 3,202). The duel was represented in a bronze group by  Myron on the Acropolis of Athens (Paus. 1,5,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iophossa

(45 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοφῶσσα; Iophôssa). According to Hesiod and Acusilaus another name of  Chalciope [2]. Daughter of Aeetes of Colchis and Idyia. Sister of Medea, wife of Phrixus, the father of her four sons (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,1122; 2,1149; Apollod. 1,83). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Cabye, Cambyse

(122 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καβύη, Καμβύση; Kabýē, Kambýsē). Heroine. Daughter of the Epean Opus in Elis. In order to link the Locrian royal genealogy with the Epean, Pindar has Zeus kidnap the daughter of Opus from Elis, father a son with her in Arcadia, and then bring him to the childless king  Locrus as an adoptive son (Pind. Ol. 9,57; cf. also Diod. Sic. 14,17). According to Aristotle in the Opountíōn politeía, Opus' daughter is called Cambyse (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86 = Aristot. fr. 561 Rose). Since Plutarch, who referred to her as Cabye, also drew from Aristotle (Plut. …

Intarabus

(54 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Entarabus). Celtic deity only attested in inscriptions (CIL VIII, 3632, 4128), worshipped in the territory of the Treveri (Trier, Germany). The inscriptions speak of buildings dedicated to Intarabus ( porticus, aedes, fanum, simulacrum), which indicates the deity's popularity. In CIL VIII, 3653 I. is given the epithet Mars. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iapis

(69 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] Son of  Iasus and favourite of Apollo. The god wants to grant him the gift of prophecy, of playing the lyre and of accurate archery, but I. asks him for the art of healing instead so that he can save his father's life. With the help of Venus, he heals Aeneas' wounds (Verg. Aen. 12,391ff.; Serv. Aen. 12,391 (Iapyx); Macrob. Sat. 5,15,12). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iobates

(76 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοβάτης/ Iobátēs, ‘who strides along powerfully’). King of Lycia (anonymous in Hom. Il. 6,174-177), to whom Proetus sends  Bellerophontes with the ‘Uriah letter’ (Apollod. 2,30ff.; Hyg. Fab. 57; cf. Plut. Mor. 248a-d). Father of  Stheneboea and Philonoe. An homonymous tragedy by Sophocles has been transmitted in fragmentary form (TrGF IV 297-299); Euripides wrote a Stheneboea (TGF p.567). Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography T. R. Bryce, The Lycians in Literary and Epigraphic Sources I, 1986, 16-20; 209.

Cranaus

(134 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κραναός; Kranaós). Attic hero; also, the personification of Attica's rough and rocky ground. C. ruled during the time of the Deucalionic flood ( Deucalion). His wife was Pedias (= ‘plains’) of Lacedaemon (Marmor Parium, FGrH 239 A 4) [1]. In the myth, he has three daughters: Cranae, Cranaichme and Atthis (Apollod. 3,186). C. functions as arbitrator in the conflict between Athena and Poseidon (Apollod. 3,179). Pindar refers to Athens as Cranaaí (Pind. Ol. 13,38), Attica's inhabitants called themselves Cranaoí (Hdt. 8,44). C. is forced by  Amphictyon [1] to…

Caliadne

(21 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καλιάδνη, Καλιάνδη; Kaliádnē, Kaliándē). Naiad, mother of twelve sons fathered by Aegyptus (Apollod. 2.19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Crotopus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρότωπος; Krótōpos). King of Argos (cf.  Coroebus [1]), son of Agenor, father of Sthenelas and Psamathe (Paus. 2,16,1). C.'s grave lay in Argos, where later on a temple of Dionysus was erected (Paus. 2,37,7). After killing Python, Apollo visits C. in expiation (Stat. Theb. 1,570). Psamathe bears the god a son,  Linus. C. condemns her to death when he learns of her relationship with Apollo. The latter punishes Argos with a plague (Conon, FGrH 26 F 1 19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Leucus

(123 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Companion of Odysseus, killed by Antiphus, son of Priamus (Hom. Il. 4,491). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Talus, the steadfast guard of Crete (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Son of Talos, steadfast guard of Crete. Idomeneus [1] is L.'s foster father. When he joins the Trojan campaign, he entrusts L. with his house and rulership. L. lets Nauplius entice him to seduce Meda, Idomeneus' wife. Then he kills her along with his bride Cleisithera and Idomeneus' two sons I…

Gyas

(108 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Aeneas Companion of  Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 1,222; 1,612; 12,460). As a skipper he took part in the regatta in honour of Anchises (Verg. Aen. 5,114f.; Hyg. Fab. 273). The patrician house of the Geganii, was, according to Servius (Aen. 5,117) descended from him, although this is probably a later fabrication. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Latin giant with a club A Latin, a giant with a club, son of Melampus, who for his part is said to have come to Italy with Hercules. He and his brother Cisseus were killed in battle by Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 10,317). Zingg, Ret…

Car

(78 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάρ; Kár). [German version] [1] Son of Phoroneus Eponym of the fortress of Megara (originally Caria) (Paus. 1,39,5), son of  Phoroneus; founder of the Demeter Temple. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus and Crete Eponym of  Carians in Asia Minor; brother of Lydus and Mysus (Hdt. 1,171; Str. 14,659). Son of Zeus and Crete (Ael. NA 12,30); founder of the city of  Alabanda, buried in Euangela (Steph. Byz. s.v. K.). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Gyes

(31 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γύης; Gýēs). According to the MSS [1], probably the incorrectly written form of Gyges, one of the  Hecatoncheires. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 M. L. West, Hesiod, Theogony, 1966, 210.

Lampas

(64 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λα[μ]πάς/ La[m]pás, ‘torch’) is documented as the name of a maenad in a vase inscription, as the name of a hetaera (Ath. 13,583e), and the name of one of the five dogs of Daphnis who perish over his grave (Ael. NA 11,13; cf. schol. Theoc. 1,65); L. can also be a person's name [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 Bechtel, HPN, 604f.

Gerana

(98 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γεράνα; Gerána, ‘Crane woman’), a Pygmy woman, also called Oenoe (Antoninus Liberalis 16). She scorns Hera and Artemis and was worshipped like a goddess by her peers. Hera changed her into a crane and made her into an enemy of the  Pygmies (Ath. 9,394e; Ov. Met. 6,90). Her death led to a war between Pygmies and cranes (Hom. Il. 3,3ff.; Ael. NA 15,29). Three versions of the myth have been transmitted, all going back i.a. to the ‘Ornithogony’ by Boeus [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 A. Ballabriga, Le malheur des nains, in: REA 83, 1981, 57-74.

Korythale

(116 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (κορυθάλη, κορυθαλίς; korythálē, korythalís, ‘leafy twig’ [1]). Doric variant type of the Eiresione (Hsch. s.v. Κορυθαλία). Korythale is a fertility twig from the olive tree or laurel (Plut. Theseus 18), a harvest fetish or fertility fetish [2], which was placed in front of the door at ephebic festivals and weddings (EM 531,53). At the festival of Tithenidia (= ‘wet-nurse festival’), which was celebrated with obscene dances performed by disguised actors [3], the korythale was presented to the goddess of fertility and wet-nurses, Artemis Korythalia (Hs…

Crocon

(121 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρόκων). Mythical king who ruled in the border area of Eleusis and Athens (Paus. 1,38,2). He was married to Saisara, a daughter of  Celeus. According to the Eleusian myth he was a son of  Triptolemus. Triptolemus was usually considered a son of Celeus and Metaneira (cf. Apollod. 3,102). The eponymous hero was accepted into the sacred Eleusian family. The name C. is derived from the cultic action of the κροκοῦν/ krokoûn, laying of wool threads into the right hand and on the left foot of the mystes. The family of the Croconides built a sanctuary of  Hestia in the 4t…

Hyrie

(84 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρίη; Hyríē). Aetolian nymph. After her son Cycnus' leap from the cliff, she dissolves into tears with grief and becomes the lake that is named after her (Ov. Met. 7,371ff.). At Antoninus Liberalis 12 she is called (according to Nicander and Areus of Laconia) Thyria; when Cycnus, her and Apollo's son, throws himself into the Lake of Canope, she follows him; Apollo transforms both of them into swans. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography F. Bömer, P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphosen, B. VI-VII, 1976, 292.

Locrus

(192 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Λοκρός; Lokrós). [German version] [1] Mythical ancestor of the Locrian tribe Mythical ancestor ( ktístēs) of the Locrian tribe, son of Physcus (Hdn. 2,947), grandson of Amphictyon [2] (the oldest sacred site of the Delphian Amphiktyonia was located in Anthela/East Locris). Cabye or Protogeneia (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86) is his wife. The Leleges, who were led by L. (Hes. fr. 234,1 M.-W.), named themselves Locrians after him (Str. 7,7,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus Son of Zeus and the Argive king's daughter Maera, helps Amphion [1] and Zethus buil…

Hebe

(130 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἥβη; Hḗbē) - the name stands for ‘Youth’, personification of the beauty of youth. Cults were dedicated to her in Mantinea (Paus. 8,9,3), in Cos together with Hercules (Cornutus 31), and esp. in Argos with Hera (Paus. 2,17,5). She is better documented in mythological poetry, as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, than in cult (Hes. Theog. 922; 950-952; Apollod. 1,13). She was given to  Hercules as his wife after his death (Pind. Nem. 1,69-72). Among the gods she appears as helper (Hom. …

Calyce

(181 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Καλύκη; Kalýkē = ‘Bud’, ‘Rose blossom’). [German version] [1] Daughter of Aiolos [1] and Enarete Daughter of the Thessalian king  Aeolus [1] and Enarete; she had seven brothers and four sisters and is the mother of  Endymion by Aethlius or Zeus (Apollod. 1,50; 56; Hes. fr. 10a M-W). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Mistress of Poseidon Daughter of Hecaton, mother of  Cycnus by Poseidon (Hyg. Fab. 157; cf. schol. Pind. Ol. 2.91 where she is called Kalykía). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Woman whose love is unrequited A woman whose love is unrequited;she prays to A…

Hyrnetho

(47 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρνηθώ; Hyrnēthṓ). Eponym of the Argive phyle Hyrnathioi; sanctuaries in Argus and Epidaurus. Daughter of  Temenus and wife of the Heraclid  Deiphontes. H. was killed by her brothers because she took her husband's side in a family quarrel (Paus. 2,28,3-7). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Labdacus

(115 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λάβδακος; Lábdakos). Son of the Theban king Polydorus and Nicteis. Link in the line of descent from Cadmus, the father of Polydorus, to Laius, the father of Oedipus. He is supposed to have waged a border war against Pandion and was punished with death for scorning Dionysus (Hdt. 5,59; Eur. Phoen. 8; Apollod. 3,40; 193; Paus. 9,5,5). He neither had a cult nor a known relationship to a particular place. In popular etymology, L. was known as ‘the limper’, based on the shape of the letter la(m)bda with its one shorter leg. This is Oedipus projected onto his ancestor [1]. Zingg, Ret…

Leagrus

(262 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Stein-Hölkeskamp, Elke (Cologne)
(Λέαγρος; Léagros). [German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus Together with Ergiaeus, a descendent of Diomedes, who robbed the Trojan Palladion together with Odysseus, L. steals the Argivean palladion (Paus. 2,23,5). He later took the statue to Lacedaemon (Sparta), where he places it under Odysseus' protection near the sanctuary of the Leucippides and erects a heroon. (Plut. Quaest. Graec. 48). According to Callimachus, Eumedes, a descendent of Diomedes, brings the Argive palladion into the mountains to keep it safe (Callim. H. 5,37ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] …

Callirhoe

(335 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Wandrey, Irina (Berlin)
(Καλλιρ[ρ]όη; Kallir(r)hóē, ‘the fair-flowing’). [German version] [1] Daughter of Oceanus Daughter of Oceanus, wife of  Chrysaor [4], mother of  Geryoneus (Hes. Theog. 351; 979ff.; Apollod. 2.106; Hyg. Fab. 151). She appears in the circle of  Persephone (H. Hom. 5,419); also mentioned as wife of Manes or of Poseidon (Dion. Hal. Ant. 1.27.1; schol. Pind. O. 14.5). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Daughter of Achelous Daughter of Achelous, wife of  Alcmaeon [1], mother of Amphoterus and Acarnan (Apollod. 3.88ff.; Eur. Alcestis TGF fr. 79). Zingg, Reto (Basle) …

Idaea

(163 words)

Author(s): Walde, Christine (Basle) | Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἰδαία; Idaía). [German version] [1] Epithet of Cybele One of many epithets of the mother of gods ( Cybele), named after her cult on the Phrygian  Ida [2] (e.g. Eur. Or. 1453; Str. 10,469). Walde, Christine (Basle) [German version] [2] Nymph of the Ida mountains Nymph of Ida [2] in Phrygia, wife of the river god Scamander, mother of  Teucer, the first king in the Troad, after whom the people of the Teucri are named (Apollod. 3,139; Diod. Sic. 4,75). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Daughter of Dardanus Daughter of Dardanus, great-granddaughter of [2], second wife of  Phineu…

Caicus

(165 words)

Author(s): Schwertheim, Elmar (Münster) | Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάϊκος; Káikos). [German version] [1] River in Western Asia Minor Today called Bakır Çayı. River in western Asia Minor (Hdt. 6,28; 7,42; Xen. An. 7,8,18; Str. 12,8,12; 13,1,70; Arr. Anab. 5,6,4; Paus. 1,10,4; 5,13,3). It rises in the western Temnus mountains, a landscape that Livy (37,37,3) and Pliny (HN 5,125) referred to as Teuthrania. The plain named after the river C. was fertile and well populated. C. reached the ocean between Elaia and Pitane in the Aeolis, where the river's sedimentation has pushed the land far into the bay of Elaia (the Ἐλαΐτης κόλπος; Elaítes kólpos, today's Can…

Hippo

(524 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Huß, Werner (Bamberg)
(Ἱππώ; Hippṓ). [German version] [1] Oceanid  Oceanid, perhaps the goddess of a ‘horse well’. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Amazon  Amazon (= Hippolyte, Callim. H. 3,239ff.; 266f.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Daughter of Chiron Daughter of  Chiron (= Hippe), mistress of Hellen's son  Aeolus [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [4] Wet-nurse of Dionysus Wet-nurse of Dionysus (= Hippa, Orph. H. 48; 49; Procl. in Pl. Ti. 124c). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [5] Punic foundation This item can be found on the following maps: Thea…

Hippodamas

(170 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna)
(Ἱπποδάμας; Hippodámas). [German version] [1] Brother of Orestes Son of the river god  Achelous [2] and of Perimede, father of Euryte, brother of Orestes (Apollod. 1,52). In a different tradition, father of the Naiad  Perimele, the mistress of Achelous, who, after having been pushed into the sea by H., was transformed into one of the Echinades Islands by Poseidon (on the western coast of Acarnania) (Ov. Met. 8,573ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Name of Trojans Name of Trojans: one H. is killed by Achilles (Hom. Il. 20,401), the other by Agamemnon (Hyg. Fab…

Iasus

(1,066 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg)
(Ἴασος/Ἰάσιος; Íasos/Iásios). [German version] [1] Several kings of Argus Kings of Argus: a) son of Argus and Evadne, father of Agenor (Apollod. 2,3), b) son of Argus and Ismene, father of  Io (ibid. 2,5), c) son of Triopas, bother of Agenor, father of Io (Paus. 2,16,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Father of Atalante Arcadian, son of Lycurgus and Cleophile, brother of Ancaeus, Epochus, and Amphidamas, husband of Minyas' daughter Clymene, father of  Atalante (Hes. Theog. 1288; Callim. H. 3,216; Apollod. 3,105; 109). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Leader of the …
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