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Jidda

(2,709 words)

Author(s): Freitag, Ulrike
Jidda is a port city on the Ḥijāzī coast of the Red Sea at 21° 29 N., 39° 11 E. The city lies near the northernmost point reachable by ocean-going sailing vessels from the Indian Ocean at the end of the northeast monsoon season, and this explains the port’s importance as a trade entrepôt (al-Idrīsī, 136; Facey). Most authors, such as al-Bakrī (d. 487/1094) and al-Hamdānī (d. c.333–4/945?), agree that the correct name is “Judda” (“coastline”), while others mention the designation “Jadda” (“grandm…
Date: 2020-09-16