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Church

(19,399 words)

Author(s): Wenz, Gunther | Davis, Derek | Grünschloß, Andreas | Grappe, Christian | Schäfer, Rolf | Et al.
[German Version] I. Concept – II. Religious Studies – III. Early Christianity – IV. Early Church to the Reformation – V. Modern Era – VI. Orthodox Churches – VII. Asia, Africa, Latin America – VIII. Systematic Theology – IX. Ethics – X. Practical Theology – XI. Ecumenical Discussion – XII. Law I. Concept 1. Theology The loan-word, church, which in common parlance can mean both the Christian worship service and the building dedicated to its performance as well as the constituted social configuration of Christian faith in t…

Washington, George

(194 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H.
[German Version] (Feb 22, 1732, Wakefield, VA – Dec 14, 1799, Mount Vernon, VA) was the first president of the United States of America and recognized as the “Father of his country.” He served as the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and was instrumental in gaining independence for the 13 American colonies. Washington made invaluable contributions to the creation of the American Constitution and the establishment of the United States federal government. Wash…

United States of America

(5,609 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H. | Poirier, Lisa J.M. | Hart, Darryl G. | Wilhelm, Cornelia
[German Version] I. Geopolitical Problematics, Concept and Idea From its beginnings in the late 18th century, the United States has possessed a deeply rooted Christian heritage that has profoundly influenced its political development (see also America, North America). America’s sense of being a “chosen nation” with a “manifest destiny” has helped it to promote the idea of freedom at home and abroad and to become a world power. Religious rhetoric has often been used as an effective tool for justifying go…

Wilson, Thomas Woodrow

(195 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H.
[German Version] (Dec 28, 1856, Staunton, VA – Feb 3, 1924, Washington, DC), 28th president of the United States (1913–1921). Son of a Presbyterian minister, throughout his life he remained true to his strong religious and moral convictions. The outbreak of World War I forced Wilson to abandon his initial neutrality. On Apr 2, 1917, during his second term, he moved for a declaration of war, through which he sought to restore a threatened civilization and at the same time to promote his patriotic C…

Washington

(177 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H.
[English Version] Washington, George (22.2.1732 Wakefield, VA – 14.12.1799 Mount Vernon, VA), erster Präsident (1789–1797) der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika, als »Vater der Nation« bez. Während der amer. Revolution Oberkommandierender der Kontinentalarmee; trug zur Erlangung der Unabhängigkeit für die 30 amer. Kolonien bei, sowie wesentlich zur Formulierung der amer. Verfassung und der Errichtung der US-amer. Bundesregierung. W. war Mitglied und Gemeindevertreter der anglik. Staatskirche, die nac…

Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika

(5,405 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H. | Poirier, Lisa J.M. | Hart, Darryl G. | Wilhelm, Cornelia
[English Version] I. Geopolitische Problematik, Begriff und Vorstellung Seit ihren Anfängen im späten 18.Jh. verfügen die USA über ein tief verwurzeltes christl. Erbe, das ihre polit. Entwicklung nachhaltig geprägt hat (s.a. Amerika: I., Nordamerika). Das Selbstverständnis einer »auserwählten Nation« mit »offenkundiger Bestimmung« hat Amerika befähigt, die Freiheitsidee (Freiheit) im In- und Ausland zu verbreiten und eine Weltmacht zu werden. Rel. Rhetorik ist oft wirkungsvoll zur Rechtfertigung der Re…

Wilson

(158 words)

Author(s): Davis, Derek H.
[English Version] Wilson, Thomas Woodrow (28.12.1856 Staunton, VA – 3.2.1924 Washington, DC), 28. Präsident der USA (1913–1921). Als Sohn eines presbyterianischen Geistlichen blieb er seinen starken rel. und moralischen Überzeugungen eng verbunden. Der Beginn des 1. Weltkriegs zwang W. zum Verlassen seiner zunächst neutralen Haltung: Er beantragte während seiner zweiten Amtszeit am 2.4.1917 die Kriegserklärung, womit er eine bedrohte Zivilisation wiederherzustellen und gleichzeitig seinen patriotisc…