[German Version] I. Catholicism – II. Protestantism
I. Catholicism Unlike private devotions, the official liturgy is performed in the name of the church by persons lawfully deputed (clergy and laity) and in a form approved by ecclesiastical authority (cf.
CIC/1983 c. 834 §2;
CCEO c. 668 §1). Therefore liturgy requires legal standards, which are the responsibility of the Apostolic See, the diocesan bishops, and the Bishops' conferences (c. 838). This is also the context of punitive and disciplinary measures. The
CIC contains canons governing the celebration of the Eucharist (cc. 897–958), the other sacraments (II, 1; cc. 849–896, 959–1165), sacramentals (cc. 1166–1172), the liturgy of the hours (cc. 1173–1175) and other liturgies of the Word, processions (c. 944), and burial (cc. 1176–1185). A homily is an integral part of the liturgy (cf. c. 767 §1; Lay preaching). By virtue of their ordination (Consecration/Ordination/Dedication: I), bshops and priests play a leading role in the liturgy; lay people, both…