Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Callias

(2,555 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 3/10/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mytilene Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not know the date of Callias of Mytilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f and P.Köln 2, 61). Athenaeus1 cites him in conjunction with Aristophanes of Byzantium2: some have wanted to see this connection as an indication of chro…

Aelius [1] Dionysius

(30,303 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [1] Dionysius | Αἴλιος Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Halicarnassus Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Halicarnassus, like the historiographer and rhetor1 who shared his name and who was his illustrious forefather according to the Suda2 (δ 1174), Aelius Dionysius lived in the age of Hadrian3. The quest…

Aretades

(1,711 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aretades | Ἀρητάδης Identity: Perseus | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cnidus? Date: 3rd-1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: There is no known biographical information about the grammarian Aretades. The mentions of an Aretades Κνίδιος who was the author of historical-ethnographical works on Macedonia (Μακεδονικά; Plut. 19, 308c, 6–12) and …

Nessas

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nessas | Νεσσᾶς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Chios Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Chios, Nessas was a student of Democritus1 and the teacher of Metrodorus of Chios2 The name is attested also with the variant Νέσσος (Porph. ad Il. 9, 378, Sch. vet. Hes. Op. 77c Pertusi), but the form Νεσσᾶς, used by Diogenes Laertius3 (9, 58) …

Thoas

(722 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Thoas | Θόας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ithaca Date: ante 4th/3rd-2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Thoas is mentioned by Erotianus1 (73, 14), the sole source that speaks of him, with regard to the term πικέριον, a word of Phrygian2 origin that Hippocrates3 uses. The lexicographer4, forced to explain this term, notes that Thoas of Itha…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Glaucus [2]

(3,321 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [2] | Γλαῦκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Samos Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucus was a grammarian of the Alexandrian1 age who may have lived before Aristophanes of Byzantium2; some consider him a Peripatetic3 of the early 3rd c. BCE. He is mentioned explicitly in a long passage on the doctrine of accentuation4 with…

Philostratus [1]

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [1] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Philostratus who was the author of a work on Sophocles’1 plagiarism2 is cited in the φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις by Porphyry ( ap. Eus. PE. 10, 3, 13) and in a commentary on an unknown tragedy from a papyrus of the Roman era ( PSI 1287 = TrGF adesp. fr. 722). Porphy…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphronius

(11,070 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonesus? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who commented on the comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, of which 14 occur in only the scholia on the Birds and 9 in those on the Wasps), however…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Latinus

(1,223 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Latinus | Λατῖνος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of the grammarian Λατῖνος, which is attested in a fragment of the first book of the Φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις of Porphyry1 cited by Eusebius of Caesarea2 ( PE. 10, 3, 12) and which was in the past considered the result of corruption (f…

Bacchius [1]

(1,343 words)

Author(s): Manetti, Daniela
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Daniela Manetti and first published on 11/09/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Bacchius [1] | Βακχεῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tanagra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Bacchius was a doctor from Tanagra (Erot. 5, 1 Nachmanson), a student of Herophilus1, and a contemporary of Philinus of Cos2 (Gal. 18A 187 Kühn). The dating of this scholar depends partly on the statement that he used the Λέξεις of Aristophanes o…

Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πλατωνικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A Platonic philosopher named Ptolemy is mentioned in two texts of the Neoplatonist tradition: in a fragment within the On the Soul of Iamblichus1 (26, p. 54, 1–14 Finamore-Dillon) which is preserved by Stob…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Chrysippus [2]

(6,792 words)

Author(s): Vecchiato, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Vecchiato and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chrysippus [2] | Χρύσιππος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd–1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The existence of a grammarian named Chrysippus who commented on Pindar1 as a person distinct from the more famous Stoic philosopher Chrysippus of Soli2 was first posited by Adolf Körte in early 1900. Contrary to the…

Leogoras (Leagoras)

(1,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leogoras (Leagoras) | Λεωγόρας (Λεαγόρας) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Syracuse Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native son of Syracuse, the grammarian Leogoras is known thanks to two Latin testimonia related to the use of the diple diacritical sign in the text of Homer1. His name varies in the sources between the forms Leogora…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Euclides

(5,309 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euclides | Εὐκλείδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the time period, place of origin, or life of Euclides and even the historical reality of this figure has been called into doubt. He is mentioned in relation to the structure of Attic tragedy and comedy in some passages of Johannes Tzetzes1, who menti…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Gorgias [2]

(1,119 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 09/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gorgias [2] | Γοργίας Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Athens Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Gorgias is an author from Athens whose dating is uncertain. On the basis of the information provided by Pollux1 ( FGrHist 351, 3B, T3, p. 214), Jacoby identifies him with Gorgias the σοφιστής, the author of an Ὀνομαστικόν, and distinguishes him from Go…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…
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