Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Draco

(1,161 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Draco | Δράκων Place of Origin: Stratoniceia (Caria) Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Draco was a native of Stratoniceia in Caria and the author, as the Suda1 (δ 1496) informs us, of technical-grammatical works (Τεχνικά, perhaps a comprehensive definition of the following titles: Ὀρθογραφία, Περὶ τῶν κατὰ συζυγίαν ὀνομάτων, and Περὶ ἀν…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion

(3,793 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion | Διονύσιος ὁ Σκυτοβραχίων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mitylene? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It is not clear what the reason was for the nickname Scytobrachion, “Leather-arm”, which is attested in the Suda1, by Athenaeus2, and by Suetonius3 for the mythographer Dionysius, wh…

Valerius [3] Harpocration

(1,839 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 23/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [3] Harpocration | Ἁρποκρατίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The brief biographical entry in the Suda1 lexicon (α 4014) does not go further than describing Valerius Harpocration as an Alexandrian rhetorician and mentioning the title of two …

Sosibius [1]

(722 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [1] | Σωσίβιος ὁ λυτικός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1 (11, 493c-494b), the grammarian2 Sosibius lived at the court of Ptolemy II Philadelphus3 (285-246 BCE) and was a skilled solver of Homeric4 προβλήματα (hence his nickname ὁ λυτικός). The hypothesis that he should be id…

Aelius [3] Serenus

(2,872 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [3] Serenus | Αἴλιος Σερῆνος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Athens Date: First half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aelius Serenus was an Athenian grammarian (and philosopher? cf. Phot. Bibl. cod. 167, 114a 14-114b 27) who lived around the first half of the 2nd c. CE. The Suda1 (σ 249) attributes to him two epitomes of learne…

Antyllus

(2,071 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/04/2013 - 17/07/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antyllus | Ἄντυλλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The time period of Antyllus is unknown. The Suda1 (α 2770, s.v.Ἄντυλλος) identifies him as a rhetorician, and we know of him from his work on Thucydides2: Antyllus is cited four times in the scholia to Thucydides and three times in Marcellinus’3 Life of Th…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Aspasius

(8,922 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 08/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aspasius | Ἀσπάσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2° sec. d.C.? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no precise information about when Aspasius lived: his dating to the 2nd c. CE is based solely on the information in his works, like the citation from the Neoplatonist1 Eudorus2 (second half of the 1st c. CE) with regard to some …

Apollonides

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A contemporary of the emperor Tiberius1, to whom he dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of Timon of Phlius2 (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonius of Nicaea was the author of philological works3 on various subjects. Stephanus of Byzant…

Zoilus [1]

(3,913 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on . Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zoilus [1] | Ζωίλος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amphipolis Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the sources name Amphipolis as Zoilus’ birthplace. The Suda1 (ζ 130, 6-7) also attributes to Zoilus a work entitled Περὶ Ἀμφιπόλεως (cf. H. Gärtner, Zoilos [n. 14], RE suppl. 15 [1978], 1532). The tradition, wholly a minority one (f…

Valerius [2] Diodorus

(3,998 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 21/03/2006 – 29/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [2] Diodorus | Διόδωρος ὁ Οὐαλέριος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Diodorus was a grammarian born in Alexandria and the son of the lexicographer Valerius Pollio1; he was the author, according to the Suda2 (δ 1150), of an Ἐξήγησις τῶν ζητουμένων παρὰ τοῖς ιʹ ῥήτορσιν, a wor…

Phrynichus Arabius

(2,925 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 18/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phrynichus Arabius | Φρύνιχος Ἀράβιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Bitinia Date: seconda metà 2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: Photius1 attributes to Phrynichus the ethnic Ἀράβιος ( Bibl. cod. 158, 2, 100a, 33), while the Suda2 describes him as Βιθυνός (φ 764). Photius places his ἀκμή under Marcus Aurelius3 and Commodus4 (161-192 CE). Phr…

Satyrus

(9,157 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Satyrus | Σάτυρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Callatis Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce that Callatis was the home city of Satyrus only from a fragment of PHerc 558 (T1 Schorn; the fragment was publicized by W. Crönert, Herkulanensische Bruchstücke einer Geschichte des Sokrates und seine…

Zopyrus

(2,691 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrus | Ζώπυρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Magnesia Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A person named Zopyrus called the Magnesian (ὁ Μάγνης), who claimed to have read (ἀναγινώσκεσθαι) Homer1 in a version in the Aeolic dialect, is cited next to Dicaearchus2 in a passage of the Anecdoton3 edited by Osann. If the cit…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus

(4,218 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus | Μινούκιος Πακᾶτος Εἰρηναῖος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A student of the metrician Heliodorus1, Irenaeus flourished probably in the mid-1st c. CE. For his dating the citation in the Hippocratean lexicon of Erotianus2 (fr. 60, 1-8; cf. Cohn 1905, 2120…

Menophanes

(1,653 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menophanes | Μηνοφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: What little knowledge we have about Menophanes is based on the isolated testimony of Photius’1 Bibliotheca2 (cod. 176, 120a 6-14), where he is cited in connection with the tradition of the Philippika of Theopompus of Chios3; he appears as an interpreter …

Euphronius

(11,070 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonesus? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who commented on the comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, of which 14 occur in only the scholia on the Birds and 9 in those on the Wasps), however…

Menecrates [1]

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Menecrates was a poet and a grammarian, native of Ephesus. Since he taught Aratus of Soli1 ( Sud.α 3745), he probably lived between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. He was the author of a poem on agriculture and apiculture (prov…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Ister [2]

(563 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [2] | Ἴστρος Place of Origin: Callatis Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Only Stephanus of Byzantium1 (p. 349, 2 Meineke, s.v.Κάλλατις) mentions an Ister of Callatis, who was the author of a καλὸν βιβλίον περὶ τραγῳδίας of which we have no other testimony. There was probably originally in the Suda2 a life of our Ister, which was later blen…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Seleucus [2]

(3,404 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 27/09/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Seleucus [2] | Σέλευκος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Emesa Date: late imperial period? ↓ To Source List Biography: Seleucus, a native of Emesa, was a grammarian and epic poet. According to Schmidt ( Seleucus, 1848, pp. 443-445) he lived in the age of Tiberius1, but the arguments adopted in support of this dating seem …

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: It is hardly plausible that the Euphranor cited in a note of the Herodian1 scholion ad Il. 14, 372a (taken up by Eustath. ad Il. 992, 55–60) should be identified with the celebrated painter and sculptor of Corinth2 (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem …

Iulius [4] Vestinus

(2,579 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 21/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [4] Vestinus | Οὐηστῖνος Ἰούλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from one epigraphical testimonium ( IG 14, 1085 = OGI 679, an inscription found at Rome on the Via Ostiensis) some biographical details about the career of Julius Vestinus, who descended from a …

Asclepiades [3]

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/02/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [3] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria/Nicaea? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: An Asclepiades described as “the Alexandrine” is cited in Sch. Aristoph. Nub. 37 on the subject of the Athenian office of demarch1. The fragment preserved in EGud. 355, 38-52, which concerns the law tablets (κύ…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Iulius [3] Theon, C.

(818 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [3] Theon, C. | Ἰούλιος Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Gaius Iulius Theon, a Stoic philosopher of Alexandria and contemporary of Augustus1, is mentioned by the Suda2 (θ 203) who credits him with a ὑπόμνημα on the introduction to the physics of Apollodorus (probably A…

Asclepiades [6]

(713 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 30/03/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [6] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Two fragments about Thucydides’1 work are attributed to an Asclepiades who is distinguished from the other men bearing the same name: one fragment concerns the division of the historian’s work into ἱστορίαι (Marcel. V. Thuc. 58), and the second one registers a no…

Pamphila

(5,301 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical information about Pamphila is contained in the Suda (π 139) and in cod. 175 of the Library of Photius1 we have information about her historiographical work. She was probably the daughter o…

Gaianus

(407 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gaianus | Γαϊανός Place of Origin: Arabia Date: first half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The only information on this scholar comes from the Suda1: Gaianus was a native of Arabia and a student of Apsines of Gadara2; he was active in the time of Maximinus3 and Gordian III4 and worked as a grammarian and rhetorician in Berytus. H…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,740 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identity and even the very existence of a grammarian named Didymus Claudius are controversial. The sole attestation of the Greek name accompanied by the Latin cognomen appears in the pertinent entry of the Suda1 (δ 874), which al…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Astyages

(2,318 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Astyages | Ἀστυάγης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Astyages, whose time period and city of origin are unknown, is named in the πίναξ1 of grammarians contained in some mss. ( Coisl. gr. 387, Vat. gr. 1456, Bodl. Misc. 211, Barocc. 125: cf. H. Rabe, Die Listen griechischen Profanschriftsteller, «RhM» 65 (1…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Valerius [4] Pollio

(1,911 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [4] Pollio | Πωλίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Pollio was an Alexandrian grammarian and the father of the lexicographer Valerius Diodorus1 according to the Suda2. Turner ( Oxyrhynchus, 1952, pp. 91-92) has identified him as the Pol…

Parthenius

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on (10/02/2004) – 04/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parthenius | Παρθένιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1°/2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Parthenius was first distinguished from the poet Parthenius of Nicaea1 by A. Meineke ( Analecta Alexandrina sive commentationes de Euphorione Chalcidensi, Rhiano Cretensi, Alexandro Aetolo, Parthenio Nicaeno, B…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…
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