Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Menecrates [1]

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Menecrates was a poet and a grammarian, native of Ephesus. Since he taught Aratus of Soli1 ( Sud.α 3745), he probably lived between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. He was the author of a poem on agriculture and apiculture (prov…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Ister [2]

(563 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [2] | Ἴστρος Place of Origin: Callatis Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Only Stephanus of Byzantium1 (p. 349, 2 Meineke, s.v.Κάλλατις) mentions an Ister of Callatis, who was the author of a καλὸν βιβλίον περὶ τραγῳδίας of which we have no other testimony. There was probably originally in the Suda2 a life of our Ister, which was later blen…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Seleucus [2]

(3,404 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 27/09/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Seleucus [2] | Σέλευκος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Emesa Date: late imperial period? ↓ To Source List Biography: Seleucus, a native of Emesa, was a grammarian and epic poet. According to Schmidt ( Seleucus, 1848, pp. 443-445) he lived in the age of Tiberius1, but the arguments adopted in support of this dating seem …

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: It is hardly plausible that the Euphranor cited in a note of the Herodian1 scholion ad Il. 14, 372a (taken up by Eustath. ad Il. 992, 55–60) should be identified with the celebrated painter and sculptor of Corinth2 (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem …

Iulius [4] Vestinus

(2,579 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 21/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [4] Vestinus | Οὐηστῖνος Ἰούλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from one epigraphical testimonium ( IG 14, 1085 = OGI 679, an inscription found at Rome on the Via Ostiensis) some biographical details about the career of Julius Vestinus, who descended from a …

Asclepiades [3]

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/02/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [3] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria/Nicaea? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: An Asclepiades described as “the Alexandrine” is cited in Sch. Aristoph. Nub. 37 on the subject of the Athenian office of demarch1. The fragment preserved in EGud. 355, 38-52, which concerns the law tablets (κύ…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Iulius [3] Theon, C.

(818 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulius [3] Theon, C. | Ἰούλιος Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Gaius Iulius Theon, a Stoic philosopher of Alexandria and contemporary of Augustus1, is mentioned by the Suda2 (θ 203) who credits him with a ὑπόμνημα on the introduction to the physics of Apollodorus (probably A…

Asclepiades [6]

(713 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 30/03/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [6] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Two fragments about Thucydides’1 work are attributed to an Asclepiades who is distinguished from the other men bearing the same name: one fragment concerns the division of the historian’s work into ἱστορίαι (Marcel. V. Thuc. 58), and the second one registers a no…

Pamphila

(5,301 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical information about Pamphila is contained in the Suda (π 139) and in cod. 175 of the Library of Photius1 we have information about her historiographical work. She was probably the daughter o…

Gaianus

(407 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gaianus | Γαϊανός Place of Origin: Arabia Date: first half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The only information on this scholar comes from the Suda1: Gaianus was a native of Arabia and a student of Apsines of Gadara2; he was active in the time of Maximinus3 and Gordian III4 and worked as a grammarian and rhetorician in Berytus. H…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,740 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identity and even the very existence of a grammarian named Didymus Claudius are controversial. The sole attestation of the Greek name accompanied by the Latin cognomen appears in the pertinent entry of the Suda1 (δ 874), which al…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Astyages

(2,318 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Astyages | Ἀστυάγης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Astyages, whose time period and city of origin are unknown, is named in the πίναξ1 of grammarians contained in some mss. ( Coisl. gr. 387, Vat. gr. 1456, Bodl. Misc. 211, Barocc. 125: cf. H. Rabe, Die Listen griechischen Profanschriftsteller, «RhM» 65 (1…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Valerius [4] Pollio

(1,911 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [4] Pollio | Πωλίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Pollio was an Alexandrian grammarian and the father of the lexicographer Valerius Diodorus1 according to the Suda2. Turner ( Oxyrhynchus, 1952, pp. 91-92) has identified him as the Pol…

Parthenius

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on (10/02/2004) – 04/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parthenius | Παρθένιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1°/2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Parthenius was first distinguished from the poet Parthenius of Nicaea1 by A. Meineke ( Analecta Alexandrina sive commentationes de Euphorione Chalcidensi, Rhiano Cretensi, Alexandro Aetolo, Parthenio Nicaeno, B…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…

Helladius [3]

(3,491 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Helladius [3] | Ἑλλάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Helladius was a priest of Zeus1 at Alexandria and lived during the reign of Theodosius II2; because he was involved in the disorders following the destruction of the Serapeum, he had to flee to …

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Zenodotus [4]

(3,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [4] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mallos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zenodotus is a grammarian of unknown date, but he may perhaps belong to the Hellenistic Age (so K. Nickau, Zenodotos [n. 4], RE 10 A [1972], 45-47; H. Gärtner, Zenodotos [n. 3], Der Kleine Pauly. Lexikon der Antike, auf der Grundlage von Pau…

Theodorus [1]

(7,330 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [1] | Θεόδωρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Gadara Date: akmé ca. 33 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodorus was a native of Gadara in Coele Syria and the son of slaves ( Sud.θ 151); he was a rhetorician and reached his akmé ca. 33 BCE, the year in which he is registered in Jerome’s1 Chronicon among the “nobilissimi artis rhetoricae Gr…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,455 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have rece…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Aristoxenus Tarentinus

(34,102 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus Tarentinus | Ἀριστόξενος ὁ Ταραντῖνος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Iustinus

(576 words)

Author(s): Russo, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Russo and first published on 29/06/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iustinus | Ἰουστῖνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholion on Lucian1 (25, 48 [p. 118, 7-8 Rabe]) attributes to a certain Ἰουστῖνος the idea that the construction of κατάγνυμι with the genitive (κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου) is an Ἀττικὴ σύνταξις. Apart from the mention of a Ἰουστῖνος Ἀττικιστής in a scholion of Basil of C…

Habron

(5,926 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Habron | Ἅβρων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Phrygia? Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Only brief notices about the life of this grammarian have survived: we learn from the biographical entry dedicated to him in the Suda (α 97) that Habron, a Phrygian or Rhodian (Φρὺξ ἢ Ῥόδιος: on this alternative see infra), was a …

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,718 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Callatis/Alexandria/Oxyrhynchus? Date: 2nd c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The biography of Heraclides Lembus is shadowy in many respects because of the contradictory nature of the information provided by Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 94) and t…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(1,030 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Identity: Place of Origin: Hierapolis? Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Andromachus is known in the sources as the father of the tragedian Homer of Byzantium1 ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) and the husband of the poetess Moero of Byzant…

Demetrius [9]

(679 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [9] | Δημἁτριος Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Information about Demetrius is very scarce. Diogenes Laertius1 (late 2nd-early 3rd c. CE) mentions him twelfth in his list of important men bearing the name Demetrius, so this constitutes a terminus ante quem for his dating. From Diogenes (5, 84) w…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Hermippus [2]

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/07/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Berytus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: A man of slave origin and a native of a village in Phoenicia that shared the name of Berytus with the famous port (cf. the clarification of the Suda1 lexicon, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Hermippus was a student of Herennius Phil…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…
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